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Projects

Hypoxia in Green Bay, Wisconsin: Biogeochemical Dy...

Hypoxia conditions have plagued the lower part of Lake Michigan’s Green Bay and the Fox River for decades. We know nutrients are contributing to the problem, and we are developing ...
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Improving Application of Marsh Predictions under S...

Coastal marshes support communities and economies by providing protection from storm surge and habitat for valuable species and recreation. To preserve these benefits, managers need short- and long-term estimates of ...
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Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and D...

We are supporting a large-scale research project to predict how shoreline development interacts with other stresses to change coastal ecosystems and the species that live in them. Research findings apply ...
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Informing Adaptation Decisions for Alaska’s Salmon...

We are integrating multiple areas of research on the impacts of ocean acidification (OA) and the influence of “tipping points” (i.e., regime shifts) on Alaska’s fisheries, particularly chum salmon in ...
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Integrated Marine Protected Area Climate Tools (IM...

We are studying the effects of weather and climate on South Florida’s coastal ecosystems and developing models to predict corresponding changes in environmental health. We will deliver short-term (monthly, seasonal) ...
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Interactions between Ocean Acidification and Eutro...

We are supporting research that will determine the current state of acidification in Chesapeake Bay waters and identify areas in the bay that are most and least prone to acidification ...
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Is an Old Dune a More Resilient Dune? Assessing Ho...

We will evaluate whether naturally vegetated dunes are more resilient to storm surge and erosion than bare or planted human-made dunes. The gradual development of natural dunes over a long ...
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Leveraging Partnerships to Define Ecological Indic...

In 2019, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (OCNMS) began evaluating the condition of marine resources inside its boundaries. This collaborative project is supporting this process by working closely with local ...
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Mapping Coastal Elevations and Water Depths Using ...

Many organizations need imagery, and elevation and depth data to effectively manage our nation’s coastlines. However, coastal areas are expensive and challenging to map using conventional technologies. Here, we are ...
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News

Artificial Reefs May Help Tropical Fish Expand Geo...

Globally, there is evidence that many tropical fish species are shifting their geographic ranges poleward and to deeper waters in response to changing ocean conditions. Off North Carolina, researchers have ...
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NCCOS Scientist Helps Maryland Oyster Grower Decid...

Scott Budden, owner of Orchard Point Oyster Company, checks mortality of oysters at his Chester River, Maryland, oyster lease site. Credit: S. Bricker, NOAA NCCOS. Earlier this month, Dr. Suzanne ...
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Researchers Project Fate of Scallop Fishery Under ...

NCCOS-funded researchers have published a paper that describes possible futures of the New England scallop fishery under a suite of climate, economic, biological, and management scenarios. The study highlights the ...
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Moving Past Water Level: Study Reveals Sea Level R...

To better understand how future sea levels may impact barrier islands during hurricanes, a team of NOAA supported scientists from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and ...
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NCCOS Participates in Endangered North Atlantic Ri...

The endangered North Atlantic Right whale (Eubalaena glacialis). Credit: Georgia Department of Natural Resources and NOAA NMFS. Representatives from several federal agencies met last week to discuss how to reverse ...
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Building a Collaborative Network to Better Underst...

SET locations in coastal North Carolina. Credit: NOAA Surface Elevation Tables, or SETs, are used to study changes in marsh surface elevation. These devices are attached to a fixed benchmark ...
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Melting Antarctic Sea Ice Threatens Minke Whales (...

The Antarctic Peninsula is warming at rates much greater than the rest of the planet, leading to large losses of sea ice, prime habitat for minke whales. Tiny, shrimp-like crustaceans ...
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Visual Story Maps Highlight Sea Level Rise Impacts...

Hurricane Katrina's storm surge caused significant damage to beachfront homes on Dauphin Island, Alabama. Credit: NOAA. A new way to explore and visualize the science and future effects of sea ...
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Sea-level Rise Planning Tools Highlighted at Annua...

NCCOS scientists gave an overview of NOAA’s Ecological Effects of Sea-Level Rise (EESLR) Program at this year's annual meeting of Alabama floodplain managers held in Orange Beach, Alabama. The overview ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Diel differences in abundance and diversity of fish species and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the sandy beach shore zone of lower Delaware Bay

Diel sampling was conducted during June–September 2013, in the shore zone and adjacent nearshore zone of Delaware Bay, Delaware, to identify day and night changes in nekton density, species richness, and the species assemblage. Mean species richness and total nekton ...
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Direct and indirect impacts of shoreline development on shallow-water benthic communities in a depauperate estuarine system

Modification of natural coastlines is prevalent as human coastal populations swell and effects of global climate change become clearer. We investigated effects of shoreline hardening and environmental factors on benthic infauna and trophic structure in the Patuxent River, Maryland, a ...
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Diurnal Fluctuations in Acidification and Hypoxia Reduce Growth and Survival of Larval and Juvenile Bay Scallops (Argopecten irradians) and Hard Clams (Mercenaria mercenaria)

Diurnal variations in pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations are common seasonal phenomena in many eutrophic estuaries, yet few studies have investigated the concurrent effects of low pH and low DO on marine organisms inhabiting these coastal systems. Here, we ...
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Diurnal fluctuations in CO2 and dissolved oxygen concentrations do not provide a refuge from hypoxia and acidification for early-life-stage bivalves

This study assessed the effects of constant and diurnally fluctuating acidification and hypoxia on the survival, growth, and development of larval stages of 3 bivalves indigenous to the east coast of North America: bay scallops Argopecten irradians, hard clams Mercenaria ...
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Dynamic responses and implications to coastal wetlands and the surrounding regions under sea level rise

Two distinct microtidal estuarine systems were assessed to advance the understanding of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise in salt marshes. A coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model (Hydro-MEM) was applied to both a marine-dominated (Grand Bay, Mississippi) and a mixed fluvial/marine ...
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Dynamic simulation and numerical analysis of hurricane storm surge under sea level rise with geomorphologic changes along the northern Gulf of Mexico

This work outlines a dynamic modeling framework to examine the effects of global climate change, and sea level rise (SLR) in particular, on tropical cyclone-driven storm surge inundation. The methodology, applied across the northern Gulf of Mexico, adapts a present ...
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Ecosystem Metabolism

This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction; Basic Definitions and Concepts; Measuring Ecosystem Metabolism; Regulating Factors and Spatial/Temporal Patterns; Ecosystem Metabolism Case Studies; Cross?Ecosystem Comparisons; Metabolic Responses to Climate Change and Variability; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Citing Literature ...
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Effects of Local Shoreline and Subestuary Watershed Condition on Waterbird Community Integrity: Influences of Geospatial Scale and Season in the Chesapeake Bay

In many coastal regions throughout the world, there is increasing pressure to harden shorelines to protect human infrastructures against sea level rise, storm surge, and erosion. This study examines waterbird community integrity in relation to shoreline hardening and land use ...
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Effects of Local Watershed Land Use on Water Quality in Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays and Subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay

Nutrient inputs have degraded estuaries worldwide. We investigated the sources and effects of nutrient inputs by comparing water quality at shallow (< 2m deep) nearshore (within 200 m) locations in a total of 49 Chesapeake subestuaries and Mid-Atlantic coastal bays ...
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Effects of Shoreline Alteration and Other Stressors on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay and the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) provides many important ecosystem functions, but SAV has been significantly reduced in many estuaries. We used spatial–statistical models to identify estuarine shoreline characteristics that explain variations in SAV abundance among subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay and ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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