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Projects

An Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptan...

The Choptank watershed is an ecologically and economically valuable resource and designated Habitat Focus Area. We are collecting and synthesizing biological, chemical, and physical data to characterize the condition of ...
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Assessing Coral Bleaching in Four U.S. Caribbean M...

In 2005, high sea temperatures caused coral bleaching in the Caribbean. The goals of this this project were to characterize the spatial extent of coral bleaching and recovery and to ...
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Assessment of Hurricane Impacts to Coral Reefs in ...

In 2017, major hurricanes impacted coral reefs in both Florida and Puerto Rico. We quantified these impacts using diver-based surveys, and our information was used to guide targeted emergency stabilization ...
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Benthic Habitat Characterization and Climate Chang...

Cordell Bank, Greater Farallones and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuaries harbor diverse communities of deep-water fish, corals and sponges. Corals and sponges associated with groundfish habitat face many threats, including ...
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Can Meadows of Underwater Grasses Help Mitigate th...

Ocean acidification (OA) in the natural environment co-occurs with other stressors, such as temperature and low oxygen, creating complex ecological interactions that are difficult to manage in restoration and aquaculture ...
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Can Oyster Aquaculture in the Chesapeake Bay Flour...

We are supporting research that will explore how the Eastern oyster will grow and survive under future environmental conditions and determine if there are environmental or economic thresholds (“tipping points”) ...
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Climate Change Impacts on Intertidal Zone Populati...

The intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tide marks on the shores of the world’s oceans, is a sensitive indicator of the effects of climate variability and ...
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Coastal Water Quality Monitoring and Tool Developm...

We are researching the factors that drive bacterial pollution in estuarine waters (e.g., climate variability, wastewater management, and agricultural practices), and their potential as indicators of estuarine condition. Our research ...
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Codevelopment of Modeling Tools to Manage Sediment...

We will advance scientific, engineering, and policy perspectives on how sediment can be managed in coastal lowlands to reduce flood risk, bank instability, and erosion risk. We will evaluate sediment ...
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Developing a Northeast Regional Model of Ocean and...

We will expand an existing regional model to include the carbonate chemistry that determines coastal acidification. The model will allow predictions and forecasts of acidification conditions to help in developing ...
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News

Artificial Reefs May Help Tropical Fish Expand Geo...

Globally, there is evidence that many tropical fish species are shifting their geographic ranges poleward and to deeper waters in response to changing ocean conditions. Off North Carolina, researchers have ...
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NCCOS Scientist Helps Maryland Oyster Grower Decid...

Scott Budden, owner of Orchard Point Oyster Company, checks mortality of oysters at his Chester River, Maryland, oyster lease site. Credit: S. Bricker, NOAA NCCOS. Earlier this month, Dr. Suzanne ...
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Researchers Project Fate of Scallop Fishery Under ...

NCCOS-funded researchers have published a paper that describes possible futures of the New England scallop fishery under a suite of climate, economic, biological, and management scenarios. The study highlights the ...
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Moving past water level: Study Reveals Sea Level R...

To better understand how future sea levels may impact barrier islands during hurricanes, a team of NOAA supported scientists from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and ...
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NCCOS Participates in Endangered North Atlantic Ri...

The endangered North Atlantic Right whale (Eubalaena glacialis). Credit: Georgia Department of Natural Resources and NOAA NMFS. Representatives from several federal agencies met last week to discuss how to reverse ...
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Building a Collaborative Network to Better Underst...

SET locations in coastal North Carolina. Credit: NOAA Surface Elevation Tables, or SETs, are used to study changes in marsh surface elevation. These devices are attached to a fixed benchmark ...
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Melting Antarctic Sea Ice Threatens Minke Whales (...

The Antarctic Peninsula is warming at rates much greater than the rest of the planet, leading to large losses of sea ice, prime habitat for minke whales. Tiny, shrimp-like crustaceans ...
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Visual Story Maps Highlight Sea Level Rise Impacts...

Hurricane Katrina's storm surge caused significant damage to beachfront homes on Dauphin Island, Alabama. Credit: NOAA. A new way to explore and visualize the science and future effects of sea ...
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Sea-level Rise Planning Tools Highlighted at Annua...

NCCOS scientists gave an overview of NOAA’s Ecological Effects of Sea-Level Rise (EESLR) Program at this year's annual meeting of Alabama floodplain managers held in Orange Beach, Alabama. The overview ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

This Data Explorer Map contains ecological and socioeconomic datasets including management boundaries, human use activities, fish and oyster surveys, and benthic habitats in the NOAA Choptank Habitat Focus Area (HFA) Ecosystem Assessment. The tool allows managers, stakeholders and the general public to visualize data that assists with decision-making about management of the ecosystem in the Choptank watershed.
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The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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The NCCOS Regional Ecological Assessments (REA) website provides access to data contained in the Coastal Ecology Database, which were collected as part of a series of Regional Ecological Assessments conducted by NCCOS and partners throughout various estuarine, coastal, and continental shelf areas of the U.S.
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Data & Publications

A guinea pig’s tale: learning to review end-to-end marine ecosystem models for management applications

A shift towards ecosystem-based management in recent decades has led to new analytical tools such as end-to-end marine ecosystem models. End-to-end models are complex and typically simulate full ecosystems from oceanography to foodwebs and fisheries, operate on a spatial framework, ...
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A quantitative genetic approach to assess the evolutionary potential of a coastal marine fish to ocean acidification

Assessing the potential of marine organisms to adapt genetically to increasing oceanic CO2 levels requires proxies such as heritability of fitness-related traits under ocean acidification (OA). We applied a quantitative genetic method to derive the first heritability estimate of survival ...
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An Earth’s Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...
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An Integrated Assessment Model for Helping the United States Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) Fishery Plan Ahead for Ocean Acidification and Warming

Ocean acidification, the progressive change in ocean chemistry caused by uptake of atmospheric CO2, is likely to affect some marine resources negatively, including shellfish. The Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) supports one of the most economically important single-species commercial fisheries ...
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Benthic Characterization of Deep-Water Habitat in the Newly Expanded Areas of Cordell Bank and Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries

A large area of the seafloor off northern California lies within the US National Marine Sanctuary System, but very little of the habitat has been explored and even less is characterized using visual survey techniques, especially deep-water habitats. Benthic surveys ...
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Biotic resistance, disturbance, and mode of colonization impact the invasion of a widespread, introduced wetland grass

Disturbance and biotic resistance are important factors driving plant invasions, but how these factors interact for plants with different modes of colonization (i.e., sexual and asexual) is unclear. We evaluated factors influencing the invasion of nonnative Phragmites australis, which has ...
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Characterization of deep coral and sponge communities in the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary: Rittenburg Bank, Cochrane Bank and the Farallon Escarpment

The purpose of the surveys was to groundtruth mapping data collected in 2011, and to characterize the seafloor biota, particularly corals and sponges, in order to support Essential Fish Habitat designations under Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA) and other conservation and management ...
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Characterization of the Mesophotic Benthic Habitat and Fish Assemblages from ROV Dives on Pulley Ridge and Tortugas during 2014 R/V Walton Smith Cruise

Three research cruises were conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014 to the region of Pulley Ridge and Dry Tortugas to study and survey the mesophotic reef communities and fish populations. Pulley Ridge is the deepest known photosynthetic coral reef in ...
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Choptank ecological assessment: digital atlas – baseline status report

The Choptank watershed was selected by NOAA as a Habitat Focus Area (HFA) for the Habitat Blueprint Program. As such, NOAA plans an integrated set of activities combining resources from multiple programs to leverage the full weight of its eff ...
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Climate change and larval transport in the ocean: fractional effects from physical and physiological factors

Changes in larval import, export, and self‐seeding will affect the resilience of coral reef ecosystems. Climate change will alter the ocean currents that transport larvae and also increase sea surface temperatures (SST), hastening development, and shortening larval durations. Here, we ...
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General Pages

Coastal Change

Coastal ChangeVulnerability, Mitigation, and RestorationVulnerability and Risk AssessmentCoastal decision makers need to understand the risks and vulnerabilities facing their communities and ecosystems in order to help them become resilient. Coastal ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Experimental Quantification of Life History and Ec...

This project uses experimental methods to quantify the effects of environmental factors on success of early life-stages of marine fishes. Each year we are involved in new experimental studies that ...
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Understanding NOAA’s Benefit to Society

NOAA's responsibilities range from weather and climate forecasting to ensuring the sound management of the nation’s coastal and ocean resources. In fulfilling its mission, the agency’s programs create economic value ...
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Air-sea interaction from the Tropics to Arctic

Accurate air-sea fluxes are essential to weather-climate forecast/projection. Recently developed autonomous observing technology (e.g., Saildrones) enable us to collect in situ flux data in remote region of the world, such ...
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Identifying and Summarizing Research: Marine Mamma...

NOAA Fisheries is conducting vulnerability assessments to identify which marine protected species are vulnerable to climate change and what makes them vulnerable. These vulnerability assessments use existing life history information ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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