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Products & Data

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General Pages

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Projects

Application of Quantitative Molecular Methods to C...

This project supports development for two lab-based quantitative molecular methods for more rapid, accurate detection of Alexandrium catenella resting cysts in sediment from the Gulf of Maine, Puget Sound, and ...

Bioeffects Program Reports: Mid/North Atlantic Reg...

The Bioeffects program is a nationwide program of environmental assessment designed to describe the current status of environmental quality in our nation's estuarine and coastal areas. Field studies examine the ...

Climate Change Impacts on Intertidal Zone Populati...

The intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tide marks on the shores of the world’s oceans, is a sensitive indicator of the effects of climate variability and ...

Deposition and Resuspension of Alexandrium fundyen...

Toxins from annual blooms of Alexandrium fundyense accumulate in shellfish; shellfish harvesting closures protect human health, but are economically disruptive. Seed-like cysts produced by A. fundyense accumulate in bottom sediments ...

Developing a Machine Learning-Based, High Resoluti...

Blooms of Alexandrium occur in the Gulf of Maine each year and produce toxins that can accumulate in shellfish, causing Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning. Regional management agencies conduct rigorous monitoring to ...

Developing a Northeast Regional Model of Ocean and...

We will expand an existing regional model to include the carbonate chemistry that determines coastal acidification. The model will allow predictions and forecasts of acidification conditions to help in developing ...

Do Harmful Algal Bloom Migrations Across Carbonate...

This project will evaluate whether harmful algal bloom (HAB) species may have a competitive advantage over other phytoplankton in response to coastal acidification and climate changes occurring in northeast US ...

EcoGIS: Tools for Ecosystem-based Fisheries Manage...

The EcoGIS project was launched to determine how geographic information systems (GIS) technology, marine data, and custom analysis tools could be leveraged to promote fishery management strategies based on the ...
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News

Annual Gulf of Maine HAB Sampling Cruise Completed...

In Pisces’ wet lab, NCCOS scientists Bridget Weimer (left), Andrew Meredith (middle), and Josie Galloway (right) process a sediment sample for cyst quantification. Image Credit: Terry McTigue, NOAA. NCCOS scientists ...

NCCOS and Partners Initiate Months-Long Surveillan...

Tina Mikulski calibrates domoic acid sensors on multiple 2G ESPs at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution-LOSOS laboratory prior to delivery to their Fall deployment. National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science ...

2023 Gulf of Maine Red Tide Predicted to be Low

Researchers with NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) are expecting another low to moderate red tide for the Gulf of Maine this spring and summer, continuing the pattern ...

NCCOS Awards $11 Million for Research to Enhance C...

Motorists crossing a flooded street in a low-lying Norfolk neighborhood called Colonial Place, which floods at every high tide. Credit: Chesapeake Bay Program/Will Parson NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean ...

NOAA, FHWA Federal Agency Partnership Recognized w...

A NOAA partnership with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) received a U.S. Department of Transportation FHWA Environmental Excellence Award, which recognizes outstanding transportation projects, processes, and organizations that incorporate environmental ...

Low to Moderate Red Tide Bloom Predicted for Gulf ...

Researchers with NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) are expecting a low to moderate red tide for the Gulf of Maine this spring and summer, continuing the pattern ...

Scientists Complete Annual Gulf of Maine Sampling ...

Scientists carefully retrieving the sediment core of the coring apparatus for processing. Credit: NOAA/NCCOS NCCOS scientists and their partners from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute recently completed the annual Gulf of ...

Exploring Nature-Based Features in Cold Regions: P...

A new story map highlights the partnership between NCCOS and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Engineering With Nature Ⓡ (EWNⓇ) Program to advance nature-based solutions in cold regions ...

NCCOS Expands Monitoring of More Lakes, Coastal Ba...

With harmful algal blooms (HABs) occurring in the nation’s lakes, bays and sounds, NCCOS is expanding HAB monitoring and forecasting to these smaller water bodies which can be resolved by ...

Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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Data & Publications

A changing nutrient regime in the Gulf of Maine

Recent oceanographic observations and a retrospective analysis of nutrients and hydrography over the past five decades have revealed that the principal source of nutrients to the Gulf of Maine, the deep, nutrient-rich continental slope waters that enter at depth through ...

A quantitative real-time PCR assay for the identification and enumeration of Alexandrium cysts in marine sediments

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a global problem that affects both human and ecosystem health. One of the most serious and widespread HAB poisoning syndromes is paralytic shellfish poisoning, commonly caused by Alexandrium spp. dinoflagellates. Like many toxic dinoflagellates, Alexandrium ...

An ecological characterization of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region: Oceanographic, biogeographic, and contaminants assessment

This ecological characterization represents the continuation of an ongoing partnership between the National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP) and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA). The purpose of this collaboration is to ...

An ecosystem services assessment using bioextraction technologies for removal of nitrogen and other substances in Long Island Sound and the Great Bay/Piscataqua Region Estuaries

A State-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Nutrient Innovations Task Group concluded in a 2009 report (State -- EPA Nutrient Innovations Task Group, 2009) that 'continuing the status quo at the national, state, and local levels and relying upon our current practices ...

Asynchronous vertical migration and bimodal distribution of motile phytoplankton

Some motile phytoplankton have the capability to exploit deep sources of nutrients in a vertical migration cycle: photosynthesis in the near-surface layer, transit to depth, uptake of the limiting nutrient and transit back to the surface layer. If all four ...

Bloom dynamics of the red tide dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense in the Gulf of Maine: a synthesis and progress towards a forecasting capability

Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is a recurrent and widespread problem in the Gulf of Maine (GOM) caused by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. Blooms of this species have been the subject of more than a decade of investigation through the ECOHAB-GOM ...

Cruise Report: Spring 2006 Survey of Ecological Conditions of the U.S. Middle Atlantic Bight, NOAA Ship Nancy Foster NF-06-06-NCCOS

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from Nags Head, North Carolina to Cape Cod, Massachusetts and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) of shore seaward to the shelf ...

Cruise report: Spring 2007 survey of ecological conditions along the continental shelf off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach, NOAA ship Nancy Foster Cruise NF-07-08-NCCOS (May 15 - May 28, 2007)

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) offshore seaward to the shelf break (100 m). The survey ...

Detecting copepod grazing on low-concentration populations of Alexandrium fundyense using PCR

Zooplankton grazing is often a significant loss term for phytoplankton populations, including harmful algae, impacting the development and decline of blooms. However, detecting and quantifying predation on phytoplankton is often challenging, particularly during early bloom stages when phytoplankton cell concentrations ...

Diversity and dynamics of a widespread bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense

Historically, cosmopolitan phytoplankton species were presumed to represent largely unstructured populations. However, the recent development of molecular tools to examine genetic diversity have revealed differences in phytoplankton taxa across geographic scales and provided insight into the physiology and ecology of ...

General Pages

2017 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom ForecastsResults here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from November 2016, with germination, growth, and transport of Alexandrium fundyense cells driven by the factors ...

2018 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Forecasts Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from February 2018, with germination, growth, and transport of Alexandrium catenella cells driven by the ...

2019 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Forecasts Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from February 2019, with germination, growth, and transport of Alexandrium catenella cells driven by the ...

Experimental Nowcast/Forecast Simulation

Harmful Algal Bloom ForecastsResults here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from October, 2022, with germination, growth, and transport of Alexandrium catenella cells driven by the factors ...

NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

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