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Projects

Codevelopment of Modeling Tools to Manage Sediment...

We will advance scientific, engineering, and policy perspectives on how sediment can be managed in coastal lowlands to reduce flood risk, bank instability, and erosion risk. We will evaluate sediment ...
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Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in North Caro...

We are developing mapping and modeling tools to provide the North Carolina coastal management community the most up to date research on the effect of sea level rise and storminess ...
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Hypoxia’s Effects on the Shrimp Fishery in the Nor...

Our research is the first to investigate hypoxia’s effects on the harvest and economic dynamics of a Gulf of Mexico shrimp fishery. By linking hypoxia to impacts on fisheries, we ...
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Impacts of Hypoxia on Fish and Fisheries in the No...

To protect fisheries and support ecosystem-based resource management in the northern Gulf of Mexico, we are developing modeling tools that will evaluate and simulate how large-scale changes in forcing factors ...
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Marshes on the Margins: Developing Tidal Wetlands ...

We will investigate how the dynamic and heavily altered (e.g., through jetty construction or dredging) estuaries of Southern California will be affected by sea level rise. We will also identify ...
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Mitigating Microcystis in the Chesapeake Bay

Chitosan, a natural compound, is added to concentrations of local sediments and commercial clays to control harmful algal blooms. We are studying the impacts of this mitigation technique on natural ...
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Modeling Impacts of Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf o...

We are determining the effects of hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen) on reproduction of fish (Atlantic croaker) throughout the northern Gulf of Mexico to accurately model population outcomes and to assess ...
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Predicting Impacts of Sea Level Rise in the Northe...

We are assessing the impacts of sea level rise and coastal storms on marshes and oyster habitats in the northern Gulf of Mexico through the development of predictive models that ...
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Refining Ecosystem Model Inputs for Sea Level Rise...

We are enhancing a locally relevant marsh model with new field data on the impacts of sea level rise to allow coastal managers to evaluate the vulnerability and inform restoration ...
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Sea-Level Rise Modeling as a Catalyst for Effectiv...

In collaboration with The Nature Conservancy and the Hawaii Sentinel Site Cooperative, we are evaluating the effects of sea level rise of unique coastal habitats on the west coast of ...
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News

Hurricane Harvey Water Quality Effects Documented ...

NOAA NWS radar mosaic of Hurricane Harvey on 25 August 2017, DBZ = radar reflectivity factor of precipitation). Credit: NOAA NWS. An NCCOS-supported study analyzed the short- and long-term water ...
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Working Group Releases Progress Report on Harmful ...

The Interagency Working Group on Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control Act (IWG-HABHRCA) has released a report to Congress that provides a comprehensive summary of all current federal ...
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Scientists Complete Annual Gulf of Maine Sampling ...

Preparing for another station of CTD profiling and sediment coring on NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow. Credit: Steve Kibler, NOAA NCCOS. NCCOS scientists and their partners recently completed the annual ...
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NCCOS, IOOS Award $11.6 Million for Harmful Algal ...

Harmful Algal Bloom in Western Basin of Lake Erie: September 2017. Photo Credit: Aerial Associates Photography, Inc. by Zachary Haslick NOAA has announced funding for 17 new research projects around ...
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NCCOS Research Provides Scientific Foundation for ...

A recent U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) ruling found that pollution discharge into groundwater from a Maui County (HI) sewage treatment plant (County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund) fueled macroalgal ...
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NCCOS, GCOOS Award $556K for New Studies to Uncove...

Across the U.S., the seafood, restaurant and tourism industries are estimated to suffer millions of dollars in economic losses from harmful algal blooms — losses played out in communities from ...
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Celebrating 30 Years of Competitive Coastal Ocean ...

Infographic: CRP by the numbers (NCCOS). NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) Competitive Research Program (CRP) is celebrating 30 years of competitive coastal ocean science research in 2020 ...
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Online Tool Visualizes Impacts of Sea Level Rise o...

An anchialine pool on the west coast of the island of Hawaii. Credit TNC. The west coast of the island of Hawaii has several anchialine pools—inland fish ponds with underground ...
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Hypoxia Study Shows Fish Diet and Catchability Cha...

NCCOS sponsored research on hypoxia (low oxygen concentrations within the water column) finds that hypoxic conditions in the northern Gulf of Mexico have variable effects on fish diet, food webs, ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

An Earth’s Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...
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Assessment of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α mRNA expression in mantis shrimp as a biomarker of environmental hypoxia exposure

Efforts to assess the ecological impacts of the marked increase in coastal hypoxia worldwide have been hampered by a lack of biomarkers of hypoxia exposure in marine benthic organisms. Here, we show that hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) transcript levels in the ...
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Characterization of three IGFBPs in Atlantic croaker and their regulation during hypoxic stress: potential mechanisms of their upregulation by hypoxia

Insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) play important roles in downregulating IGF activity and growth and development in vertebrates under hypoxic stress. However, the mechanisms of hypoxia regulation of IGFBPs in teleost fishes are unknown. The involvement of reactive oxygen species ...
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Coastal wetland response to sea-level rise in a fluvial estuarine system

Coastal wetlands are likely to lose productivity under increasing rates of sea-level rise (SLR). This study assessed a fluvial estuarine salt marsh system using the Hydro-MEM model under four SLR scenarios. The Hydro-MEM model was developed to apply the dynamics ...
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Contributions of organic and inorganic matter to sediment volume and accretion in tidal wetlands at steady state

A mixing model derived from first principles describes the bulk density (BD) of intertidal wetland sediments as a function of loss on ignition (LOI). The model assumes that the bulk volume of sediment equates to the sum of self-packing volumes ...
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Coupling centennial-scale shoreline change to sea-level rise and coastal morphology in the Gulf of Mexico using a Bayesian network

Predictions of coastal evolution driven by episodic and persistent processes associated with storms and relative sea-level rise (SLR) are required to test our understanding, evaluate our predictive capability, and to provide guidance for coastal management decisions. Previous work demonstrated that ...
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Developing and managing transdisciplinary and transformative research on the coastal dynamics of sea level rise: Experiences and lessons learned

There is increasing emphasis from funding agencies on transdisciplinary approaches to integrate science and end-users. However, transdisciplinary research can be laborious and costly and knowledge of effective collaborative processes in these endeavors is incomplete. More guidance grounded in actual project ...
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Dynamic responses and implications to coastal wetlands and the surrounding regions under sea level rise

Two distinct microtidal estuarine systems were assessed to advance the understanding of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise in salt marshes. A coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model (Hydro-MEM) was applied to both a marine-dominated (Grand Bay, Mississippi) and a mixed fluvial/marine ...
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Dynamic simulation and numerical analysis of hurricane storm surge under sea level rise with geomorphologic changes along the northern Gulf of Mexico

This work outlines a dynamic modeling framework to examine the effects of global climate change, and sea level rise (SLR) in particular, on tropical cyclone-driven storm surge inundation. The methodology, applied across the northern Gulf of Mexico, adapts a present ...
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Effects of hypoxia exposure on hepatic cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) expression in Atlantic croaker: molecular mechanisms of CYP1A down-regulation

Hypoxia-inducible factor-? (HIF-?) and cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) are biomarkers of environmental exposure to hypoxia and organic xenobiotic chemicals that act through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, respectively. Many aquatic environments heavily contaminated with organic chemicals, such as harbors, are also ...
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General Pages

ESLR Event Response Program

Effects of Sea Level Rise (ESLR) Event Response Program The pursuit of more resilient coastal communities and ecosystems has led to international efforts to better quantify environmental resilience and realize flood ...
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The Effects of Sea Level Rise Program (ESLR)

The Effects of Sea Level Rise Program (ESLR)Fiscal Year 2021 ESLR Federal Funding OpportunityAn informational webinar on the FY21 ESLR funding opportunity occurred at 3:30 PM ET on Tuesday September ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

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