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Projects

Establishing the Sources of Toxic Cyanobacteria Bl...

Although phosphorus typically limits the growth of freshwater phytoplankton populations, little is known about how the common toxic alga Microcystis aeruginosa responds to variations in phosphorus concentrations and sources. Our ...
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Forecasting the Causes, Consequences, and Potentia...

In recent years, the central basin of Lake Erie has experienced low-oxygen conditions, despite measures taken by surrounding states and provinces to reduce nutrient inputs. We studied the factors that ...
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Forecasting the Spread and Bioeconomic Impacts of ...

We are developing predictions of the arrival and economic impact of non-native aquatic invasive species to better respond to current invasions and prevent future invasions. We are combining scientific, economic, ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Sites Land-use Characteri...

Land use is an important parameter in the assessment of coastal waters, as land-based activities and land-based pollution affect the quality of downstream environments. Land uses and land-use change around ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Supports the President’s ...

The President’s Great Lakes Restoration Initiative began in 2010 and provided the financial support for the Great Lakes Mussel Watch, one of several projects of contaminant monitoring with Great Lakes ...
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LEOFS-Hypoxia: Operational Lake Erie Hypoxia Forec...

Deep waters of Lake Erie’s central basin have areas of low dissolved oxygen. Weather conditions can determine if this low oxygen (hypoxic) water will be taken up by treatment plants, ...
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Linking Models and Field Experiments to Forecast A...

We are investigating the links between environmental variables and harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins in Lake Erie to better understand the process of toxin development and to forecast HAB toxicity ...
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News

Where are Former NCCOS Cooperative Oxford Laborato...

Several students associated with the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory (COL) have graduated, are furthering their studies, or have published articles recently. Through their internships or time at COL, the students learned ...
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NCCOS helps Pennsylvania Prepare for Lake Erie Blo...

When Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett learned of the large toxic cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) bloom that disrupted the drinking water supply for hundreds of thousands of Ohio's citizens, he expressed confidence ...
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Invasive Asian Carp Could Establish in Lake Erie w...

A recent study found that if Asian carp establishes in Lake Erie, the native fisheries might not be significantly affected. Based on consultations with Great Lakes and fisheries specialists, the ...
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New Report Addresses Re-eutrophication and Hypoxia...

A new report aimed at Great Lakes policymakers calls for Lake Erie total phosphorus reductions almost 50 percent greater than previous recommendations. Recent total phosphorus reduction recommendations may not reduce ...
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NCCOS Continues to Help Pennsylvania Respond to La...

Following the first reported cyanohab bloom in Presque Isle State Park in July 2013, the NCCOS Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Rapid Response Team supported the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection ...
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NCCOS Aids Pennsylvania Response to First CyanoHAB...

The NCCOS Harmful Algal Bloom Event Response Program is assisting the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PA DEP) respond to and document the first cyanobacteria harmful algal bloom (cyanoHAB ) ...
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NCCOS Sponsors Harmful Algal Bloom Workshops for U...

New York's borders encompass fresh, estuarine, and salt waters, each plagued by harmful algal bloom (HAB) outbreaks that pose risks to human health and the economic vitality of coastal communities ...
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Western Lake Erie Basin Partners Meet on Managemen...

NCCOS-sponsored scientists with the hypoxia Ecological Forecasting Project in Lake Erie are presenting research findings related to Best Management Practices (BMPs), phosphorus loading, and climate interactions in the western Lake ...
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NCCOS-sponsored Research Paper Receives Annual Awa...

An NCCOS-sponsored project publication was selected for the 2012 Chandler-Misener Award by the Journal of Great Lakes Research. Titled ' Historical pattern of phosphorus loading to Lake Erie watersheds,' the ...
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NCCOS Research Informs New Management Plan for Yel...

Yellow perch comprise Lake Erie's largest commercial fishery and second most important recreational fishery. We presented research results from the NCCOS ecological forecasting (EcoFore) Lake Erie project to the Lake ...
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Data & Publications

Aquatic invasive species transport via trailered boats: what is being moved, who is moving it, and what can be done?

Trailered boats have been implicated in the spread of aquatic invasive species. There has been, however, little empirical research on the type and quantity of aquatic invasive species being transported, nor on the efficacy of management interventions (e.g., inspection crews, ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)

This is the Mid-Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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Eurasian watermilfoil fitness loss and invasion potential following desiccation during simulated overland transport

Vegetative reproduction promotes human-mediated dispersal of aquatic invasive plants as fragments “hitchhike” between water bodies on boats and trailers. However, desiccation of plant fragments may also reduce fitness, decreasing the likelihood of fragment survival as transport distances increase. Current inter-lake ...
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Limitations of gravity models in predicting the spread of Eurasian watermilfoil

The effects of non-native invasive species are costly and environmentally damaging, and resources to slow their spread and reduce their effects are scarce. Models that accurately predict where new invasions will occur could guide the efficient allocation of resources to ...
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Linking environmental conditions and ship movements to estimate invasive species transport across the global shipping network

Some nations, and the International Maritime Organization, are moving towards requirements for managing ballast water to reduce the number of alien species transported and released. These and other measures will be most efficient when targeted at ships posing the greatest ...
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Molecular Response of the Bloom-Forming Cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa, to Phosphorus Limitation

Cyanobacteria blooms caused by species such as Microcystis have become commonplace in many freshwater ecosystems. Although phosphorus (P) typically limits the growth of freshwater phytoplankton populations, little is known regarding the molecular response of Microcystis to variation in P concentrations ...
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Predicting spread of aquatic invasive species by lake currents

Knowledge of aquatic invasive species (AIS) dispersal is important to inform surveillance and management efforts to slow the spread of established invaders. We studied potential dispersal of invasive Eurasian ruffe Gymnocephalus cernua and golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei larvae in Lakes ...
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Ship-borne Nonindigenous Species Diminish Great Lakes Ecosystem Services

We used structured expert judgment and economic analysis to quantify annual impacts on ecosystem services in the Great Lakes, North America of nonindigenous aquatic species introduced by ocean-going ships. For the US waters, median damages aggregated across multiple ecosystem services ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov