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Projects

A Multidisciplinary, Integrative Approach to Valui...

We are estimating the economic value from natural and nature-based infrastructure investments to stabilize coastline. Using hazard risks along the U.S. Pacific Northwest coast, we are assigning a dollar value ...
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Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements to Support Hab...

We are monitoring the movement and residence time of fish in several coastal ecosystems. Our objectives are to document habitat preferences of fish, the timing and scales of their mobility, and ...
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An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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An Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptan...

The Choptank watershed is an ecologically and economically valuable resource and designated Habitat Focus Area. We are collecting and synthesizing biological, chemical, and physical data to characterize the condition of ...
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Assessing Coral Bleaching in Four U.S. Caribbean M...

In 2005, high sea temperatures caused coral bleaching in the Caribbean. The goals of this this project were to characterize the spatial extent of coral bleaching and recovery and to ...
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Assessing the Geographic Variability in Vulnerabil...

Coastal communities are increasingly vulnerable to climate effects, such as sea level rise and coastal erosion. To address these and other changing coastal risks in Los Angeles County, we are ...
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Assessment of Hurricane Impacts to Coral Reefs in ...

In 2017, major hurricanes impacted coral reefs in both Florida and Puerto Rico. We quantified these impacts using diver-based surveys, and our information was used to guide targeted emergency stabilization ...
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Assessment of the Beneficial Use of Dredged Sedime...

Navigation channels across the country require regular maintenance dredging to avoid infilling with sediments and becoming impassible. In an experimental strategy that is often referred to as “beneficial use,” sediments ...
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Baseline Assessment of Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico in...

We completed a baseline assessment of the environmental conditions in Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico, to help coastal managers identify the most appropriate restoration projects, and their effectiveness, in support of ...
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News

Grasses Shape and Protect Coastal Dunes in Differe...

A study supported by NCCOS has found that the dominant type of beach grass influences the shape of coastal sand dunes, which in turn influences how well those dunes protect ...
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Artificial Reefs May Help Tropical Fish Expand Geo...

Globally, there is evidence that many tropical fish species are shifting their geographic ranges poleward and to deeper waters in response to changing ocean conditions. Off North Carolina, researchers have ...
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NCCOS Scientist Helps Maryland Oyster Grower Decid...

Scott Budden, owner of Orchard Point Oyster Company, checks mortality of oysters at his Chester River, Maryland, oyster lease site. Credit: S. Bricker, NOAA NCCOS. Earlier this month, Dr. Suzanne ...
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New Tool Informs Dune Recovery After Storms

Cross-shore schematic of the coupled Windsurf modeling framework showing the general processes resolved by the three model cores: XBeach (a subtidal morphodynamics model), CDM (Coastal Dune Model), and Aeolis (aeolian ...
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What Matters in a Marsh?

Study area and location of the Grand Bay estuary (b) and Weeks Bay estuary (c) in the NGOM as well as two synthetic storm tracks (a) used to consider storm ...
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NCCOS Announces FY19 Federal Funding Opportunities

The NCCOS Competitive Research Program is pleased to announce its Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Funding Opportunities (FFOs) in two areas of research: harmful algal blooms, and the ecological effects of ...
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Researchers Project Fate of Scallop Fishery Under ...

NCCOS-funded researchers have published a paper that describes possible futures of the New England scallop fishery under a suite of climate, economic, biological, and management scenarios. The study highlights the ...
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NCCOS Validates Nanobubble Technology for Remediat...

Dr. Peter Moeller (right) demonstrates ozone nanobubble technology to Director of NCCOS Dr. Steve Thur (left) at Hollings Marine Laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina. Credit: NOAA. NCCOS is working with ...
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$11.75M Awarded for Ocean Acidification, Coral Eco...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) are pleased to announce a total of $4.37 million in funding for 16 new research awards in Fiscal Year 2018, with an ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

This Data Explorer Map contains ecological and socioeconomic datasets including management boundaries, human use activities, fish and oyster surveys, and benthic habitats in the NOAA Choptank Habitat Focus Area (HFA) Ecosystem Assessment. The tool allows managers, stakeholders and the general public to visualize data that assists with decision-making about management of the ecosystem in the Choptank watershed.
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The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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NS&T is comprised of three nationwide programs, Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch and Bioeffects that are designed to describe the current status of, and detect changes in, the environmental quality of our nation’s estuarine and coastal waters through environmental monitoring, assessment and related research. In addition, NS&T has also completed special studies designed to help assess the environmental impacts of various events.
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The NCCOS Regional Ecological Assessments (REA) website provides access to data contained in the Coastal Ecology Database, which were collected as part of a series of Regional Ecological Assessments conducted by NCCOS and partners throughout various estuarine, coastal, and continental shelf areas of the U.S.
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NCCOS scientists have developed an easy-to-use numerical wave exposure model (WEMo) that uses linear wave theory to calculate actual wave height and derived wave energy while taking into consideration wind generation and local water depth characteristics such as shoaling and dissipation from breaking waves. WEMo also provides predictions of seafloor sediment movement.
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Data & Publications

A comparison of seafloor habitats and associated benthic fauna in areas open and closed to bottom trawling along the central California continental shelf

A number of studies have shown that mobile, bottom-contact fishing gear (such as otter trawls) can alter seafloor habitats and associated biota. Considerably less is known about the recovery of these resources following such disturbances, though this information is critical ...
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A coupled physical-biological model of the Northern Gulf of Mexico shelf: model description, validation and analysis of phytoplankton variability

The Texas-Louisiana shelf in the Northern Gulf of Mexico receives large inputs of nutrients and freshwater from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River system. The nutrients stimulate high rates of primary production in the river plume, which contributes to the development of a ...
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A guinea pig’s tale: learning to review end-to-end marine ecosystem models for management applications

A shift towards ecosystem-based management in recent decades has led to new analytical tools such as end-to-end marine ecosystem models. End-to-end models are complex and typically simulate full ecosystems from oceanography to foodwebs and fisheries, operate on a spatial framework, ...
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A modeling study of physical controls on hypoxia generation in the northern Gulf of Mexico

The Louisiana shelf (LA shelf) in the northern Gulf of Mexico experiences hypoxic conditions every summer due to the combination of eutrophication and strong water column stratification. Here we use a three-dimensional circulation model coupled with a simple oxygen model ...
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A quantitative genetic approach to assess the evolutionary potential of a coastal marine fish to ocean acidification

Assessing the potential of marine organisms to adapt genetically to increasing oceanic CO2 levels requires proxies such as heritability of fitness-related traits under ocean acidification (OA). We applied a quantitative genetic method to derive the first heritability estimate of survival ...
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Advancing Coastal Science 2017-2021

Advancing Coastal Science lays out four priorities developed as a result of a lengthy stakeholder engagement process. These priorities will be our driving force over the next five years, and will guide NCCOS’s science and competitive research investments. NCCOS will ...
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An Earth’s Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...
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An ecosystem services assessment using bioextraction technologies for removal of nitrogen and other substances in Long Island Sound and the Great Bay/Piscataqua Region Estuaries

A State-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Nutrient Innovations Task Group concluded in a 2009 report (State -- EPA Nutrient Innovations Task Group, 2009) that 'continuing the status quo at the national, state, and local levels and relying upon our current practices ...
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An Integrated Assessment Model for Helping the United States Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) Fishery Plan Ahead for Ocean Acidification and Warming

Ocean acidification, the progressive change in ocean chemistry caused by uptake of atmospheric CO2, is likely to affect some marine resources negatively, including shellfish. The Atlantic sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) supports one of the most economically important single-species commercial fisheries ...
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An integrated assessment of habitat quality of national estuarine research reserves in the southeastern United States

Multiple indicators of water quality, sediment quality, and biological condition were used to assess the status of ecological condition of National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) sites in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia relative to a suite of corresponding ...
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General Pages

Coastal Change

Coastal ChangeVulnerability, Mitigation, and RestorationVulnerability and Risk AssessmentCoastal decision makers need to understand the risks and vulnerabilities facing their communities and ecosystems in order to help them become resilient. Coastal ...
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The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise Program

The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise ProgramScience to Guide Coastal Ecosystem, Community, and Infrastructure ProtectionRising sea level has worldwide consequences because of its potential to alter ecosystems and the ...
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Wave Exposure Model (WEMo)

Wave Exposure Model (WEMo)Go directly to download and system requirementsThe IssueHydrodynamic factors profoundly impact the environment of coastal areas. Wind waves, particularly waves associated with storms, are unpredictable and can ...
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WEMo Download

Download the Wave Exposure Model (WEMo)If you have any installation problems, please contact nccos.webcontent@noaa.govTerms and Conditions of UseBy using this software tool, you indicate your awareness of and consent to ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Water Level Decision Support Geospatial Analysis

CO-OPS has developed a geospatial inventory tool to evaluate its National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON). The tool was developed to assist planners in modernizing the NWLON network. The tool ...
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Experimental Quantification of Life History and Ec...

This project uses experimental methods to quantify the effects of environmental factors on success of early life-stages of marine fishes. Each year we are involved in new experimental studies that ...
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Analysis of Ocean Acidification and Co-stressor Ef...

This project evaluates the potential effects of ocean acidification and other environmental co-stressors on fish populations. The effects on fish of an increased level of ocean acidification –another consequence of ...
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Understanding NOAA’s Benefit to Society

NOAA's responsibilities range from weather and climate forecasting to ensuring the sound management of the nation’s coastal and ocean resources. In fulfilling its mission, the agency’s programs create economic value ...
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Air-sea interaction from the Tropics to Arctic

Accurate air-sea fluxes are essential to weather-climate forecast/projection. Recently developed autonomous observing technology (e.g., Saildrones) enable us to collect in situ flux data in remote region of the world, such ...
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Identifying and Summarizing Research: Marine Mamma...

NOAA Fisheries is conducting vulnerability assessments to identify which marine protected species are vulnerable to climate change and what makes them vulnerable. These vulnerability assessments use existing life history information ...
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Understanding Sea Level Rise Impacts to Wetlands a...

The South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve (Reserve) established Sentinel Sites in the reserve to understand the local effects of sea level rise on tidal wetland plant communities, including emergent ...
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Ocean Acidification Effects on the Eastern Oyster,...

This project evaluates effects of ocean acidification on three bivalve species of economic importance the eastern oyster, surf clams, and sea scallops. Through laboratory experiments and models, we will assess ...
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Climate and Anthropogenic Impacts on Critical Rese...

The Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve in Virginia (CBNERRVA; www.vims.edu/cbnerr) is engaged in understanding the vulnerability of critical emergent wetland habitats and submerged aquatic vegetation within the York River ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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