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Projects

An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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An Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptan...

We synthesized biological, chemical, and physical data from six watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay to assess impacts of land use on aquatic ecosystem health. The findings from this study are ...
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An Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptan...

The Choptank watershed is an ecologically and economically valuable resource and designated Habitat Focus Area. We are collecting and synthesizing biological, chemical, and physical data to characterize the condition of ...
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Assessing Coral Bleaching in Four U.S. Caribbean M...

In 2005, high sea temperatures caused coral bleaching in the Caribbean. The goals of this this project were to characterize the spatial extent of coral bleaching and recovery and to ...
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Baseline Assessment of Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico in...

We completed a baseline assessment of the environmental conditions in Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico, to help coastal managers identify the most appropriate restoration projects, and their effectiveness, in support of ...
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Benthic Habitat Characterization and Climate Chang...

Cordell Bank, Gulf of the Farallones, and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuaries (NMS) harbor diverse communities of deep-water fish and coral. These species and habitats face many threats, including bottom ...
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Chesapeake Bay Climate Sensitivity Assessment

The Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest estuaries in the world, economically valuable for its productive habitats, valuable fisheries, and recreational opportunities. However, it is clear that climate changes ...
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Climate Change Impacts on Intertidal Zone Populati...

The intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tide marks on the shores of the world’s oceans, is a sensitive indicator of the effects of climate variability and ...
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Coastal Water Quality Monitoring and Tool Developm...

We are researching the factors that drive bacterial pollution in estuarine waters (e.g., climate variability, wastewater management, and agricultural practices), and their potential as indicators of estuarine condition. Our research ...
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News

Visual Story Maps Highlight Sea Level Rise Impacts...

Hurricane Katrina's storm surge caused significant damage to beachfront homes on Dauphin Island, Alabama. Credit: NOAA. A new way to explore and visualize the science and future effects of sea ...
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Habitat Focus Areas Highlighted at Coastal and Est...

Goldsborough Creek, Choptank River Complex Habitat Focus Area. Credit: NOAA. NOAA’s Habitat Focus Areas (HFAs) were highlighted at the 24th Biennial Conference of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation held ...
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Sea-level Rise Planning Tools Highlighted at Annua...

NCCOS scientists gave an overview of NOAA’s Ecological Effects of Sea-Level Rise (EESLR) Program at this year's annual meeting of Alabama floodplain managers held in Orange Beach, Alabama. The overview ...
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NCCOS, The Nature Conservancy Create Living Shorel...

NCCOS and The Nature Conservancy partnered to create a decision-support tool for North Carolina's coastal communities that identifies where shoreline conditions are suitable to ensure successful living shoreline projects. Living shorelines use native ...
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Research Shows Hardened Shorelines Threaten Seagra...

A new study funded by NCCOS shows that shoreline hardening—adding structures like seawalls and riprap in an effort to protect coastal land and property from the sea—degrades the habitat of submerged ...
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Nate in My Front Yard, Sea-level Rise in My Office

Cleanup continues on Dauphin Island, Alabama, following landfall of Hurricane Nate in the region last week. Many residents of the island are just now getting access to their homes after ...
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NCCOS Builds Better Bridges between Science and Ma...

A new analysis has shown how engaging regional resource managers can guide research to better suit their decision-making needs. Highlighted in the September 2017 Coastal and Estuarine Science News (see “Building ...
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Researchers Develop Tool to Predict How Coast Reco...

Barrier islands and sand dunes have long been recognized as critical ecosystems that protect coastal areas from storms, while being home to many unique plants and animals. A team of ...
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Research Links Land Use, Shoreline Hardening, and ...

Recent NCCOS research provides solid evidence that reduced aquatic species abundance in the Northeast is linked with increased agricultural land use and hardened shorelines. Results from the study are published ...
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Great Lakes Conference Highlights NCCOS Research

The 60th annual Conference on Great Lakes Research was held in Detroit, Michigan, on May 15 -19, 2017. Credit: International Association for Great Lakes Research. The International Association for Great ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

This Data Explorer Map contains ecological and socioeconomic datasets including management boundaries, human use activities, fish and oyster surveys, and benthic habitats in the NOAA Choptank Habitat Focus Area (HFA) Ecosystem Assessment. The tool allows managers, stakeholders and the general public to visualize data that assists with decision-making about management of the ecosystem in the Choptank watershed.
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The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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NS&T is comprised of three nationwide programs, Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch and Bioeffects that are designed to describe the current status of, and detect changes in, the environmental quality of our nation’s estuarine and coastal waters through environmental monitoring, assessment and related research. In addition, NS&T has also completed special studies designed to help assess the environmental impacts of various events.
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The NCCOS Regional Ecological Assessments (REA) website provides access to data contained in the Coastal Ecology Database, which were collected as part of a series of Regional Ecological Assessments conducted by NCCOS and partners throughout various estuarine, coastal, and continental shelf areas of the U.S.
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NCCOS scientists have developed an easy-to-use numerical wave exposure model (WEMo) that uses linear wave theory to calculate actual wave height and derived wave energy while taking into consideration wind generation and local water depth characteristics such as shoaling and dissipation from breaking waves. WEMo also provides predictions of seafloor sediment movement.
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Data & Reports

Advancing Coastal Science 2017-2021

Advancing Coastal Science lays out four priorities developed as a result of a lengthy stakeholder engagement process. These priorities will be our driving force over the next five years, and will guide NCCOS’s science and competitive research investments. NCCOS will ...
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An ecosystem services assessment using bioextraction technologies for removal of nitrogen and other substances in Long Island Sound and the Great Bay/Piscataqua Region Estuaries

A State-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Nutrient Innovations Task Group concluded in a 2009 report (State -- EPA Nutrient Innovations Task Group, 2009) that 'continuing the status quo at the national, state, and local levels and relying upon our current practices ...
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Characterization of the Mesophotic Benthic Habitat and Fish Assemblages from ROV Dives on Pulley Ridge and Tortugas during 2014 R/V Walton Smith Cruise

Three research cruises were conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014 to the region of Pulley Ridge and Dry Tortugas to study and survey the mesophotic reef communities and fish populations. Pulley Ridge is the deepest known photosynthetic coral reef in ...
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Choptank ecological assessment: digital atlas – baseline status report

The Choptank watershed was selected by NOAA as a Habitat Focus Area (HFA) for the Habitat Blueprint Program. As such, NOAA plans an integrated set of activities combining resources from multiple programs to leverage the full weight of its eff ...
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Coastal Ecosystem Assessment of Chesapeake Bay Watersheds: Land Use Patterns and River Conditions

In coastal and estuarine regions, land use can have a profound impact on aquatic ecosystem health. In the Chesapeake Bay watershed, agriculture and urbanization have transformed major portions of the landscape, though some areas of undeveloped land remain. This document ...
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Cruise Report for Patterns in Deep-Sea Corals Expedition 2016: NOAA ship Shearwater SW-16-08

The 2016 Patterns in Deep-Sea Corals expedition set out aboard the NOAA Ship Shearwater in August to study the distribution, ecology, and health of deep-water (30-300 m) gorgonian corals in response to the 2015 El Niño event. The research team ...
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Cruise Report for Patterns in Deep-Sea Corals Expedition: NOAA ship Bell M. Shimada SH-15-03

Less than 50% of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary seafloor has been mapped using multibeam echosounders to produce habitat characterizations at a map resolution suitable for resource management. This is important because deep-sea coral and sponge communities are known ...
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Economic Valuation of Shoreline Protection within the Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve

This study focuses on the ecosystem of coastal habitats (e.g., seagrass beds, marshes, and coastal forests), which operate as natural infrastructure, and can benefit coastal communities, other types of human development, and economic activity by reducing the impacts of coastal ...
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Egg Deposition by Atlantic Silverside, Menidia menidia: Substrate Utilization and Comparison of Natural and Altered Shoreline Type

Egg deposition by the intertidal spawning fish Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia) was compared among six shoreline types (Spartina alterniflora, Phragmites australis, sandy beach, riprap, riprap-sill, and bulkhead) and various substrates. In spring 2010, M. menidia egg density was measured daily ...
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North Carolina Sentinel Site Cooperative: Report on the 2017 Partners Meeting

The North Carolina Sentinel Site Cooperative (NCSSC) was established in 2012 as part of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) effort to provide coastal communities and resource managers with information on the potential impacts of sea level rise on coastal habitats. The ...
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General Pages

Coastal Change

Coastal ChangeVulnerability, Mitigation, and RestorationVulnerability and Risk AssessmentCoastal decision makers need to understand the risks and vulnerabilities facing their communities and ecosystems in order to help them become resilient. Coastal ...
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The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise Program

The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise ProgramScience to Guide Coastal Ecosystem, Community, and Infrastructure ProtectionRising sea level has worldwide consequences because of its potential to alter ecosystems and the ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov