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Products & Data

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Projects

A Multidisciplinary, Integrative Approach to Valui...

We are estimating the economic value from natural and nature-based infrastructure investments to stabilize coastline. Using hazard risks along the U.S. Pacific Northwest coast, we are assigning a dollar value ...
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An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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Analysis of the Distribution and Abundance of Grou...

We developed maps of occurrence and relative abundance for selected groundfish off the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington, within the California Current Large Marine Ecosystem (CCLME). Our project supports ...
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Azaspiracid: An Emerging Algal Toxin

Azaspiracids are a group of toxins first reported in the 1990s in Western European waters and are now reported to occur along both the East and West coasts of North ...
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Bioeffects Program Reports: Pacific Coast and Hawa...

Bioeffects Assessment Program identifies and assesses biological effects associated with contaminant exposure. Over forty intensive regional studies have been conducted since 1986 using the Sediment Quality Triad approach to determine ...
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Can Management Actions on Land Influence Harmful A...

The marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. Credit: Dr: Rozalind Jester. This project will enhance an existing regional coastal model to understand the relative importance of land-based inputs on the frequency and severity ...
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Changes to Non-market Values Associated with Chang...

The coast of Washington is home to diverse marine and intertidal communities valued for their aesthetic and recreational benefits. Our work improved understanding about how the value of these ecosystem ...
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Climate Change Impacts on Intertidal Zone Populati...

The intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tide marks on the shores of the world’s oceans, is a sensitive indicator of the effects of climate variability and ...
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Cross-Regional Comparison of Dinophysis Bloom Dyna...

Harmful algal blooms of Dinophysis have recently emerged as a human health threat in the U.S., resulting in closures of shellfish harvesting to prevent Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning. We are working ...
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News

NCCOS Funds $6.8M for New and Continuing Harmful A...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is pleased to announce support for 28 new and continuing harmful algal bloom (HAB) research awards in 2018. These awards, totaling $6.8M, ...
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NOAA Aids Efforts to Manage Risks from Lipophilic ...

MERHAB Azadinium sampling in Puget Sound and the Washington outer coast. Sampling sites for twice-monthly mussel and SPATT deployment plus weekly water collection from April 2 – Sept 28, 2018.Water ...
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HAB Forecast Gives Washington Confidence to Procee...

Last week's NOAA-sponsored harmful algal bloom forecast for the Pacific Northwest gave the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) confidence to proceed with this week's opening of the Washington recreational ...
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Record-setting Razor Clam Harvest Aided by Pacific...

Recreational razor clam harvesters in Long Beach, Washington, set a record for one-day digger trips (17,800 diggers) on April 30, 2017. The record number of trips was triggered by the ...
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Toxin Sensor off Washington Coast Provides Early W...

Last week, NOAA and their partners deployed an NCCOS-developed sensor for the algal neurotoxin domoic acid on an Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) off the Washington coast. The processor, known as ...
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NCCOS Joins USGS in Congressional Briefing on Harm...

On April 4, a Congressional Briefing held in Washington, DC, focused on harmful algal blooms (HABs) and their increasing impacts on coastal, Great Lakes, and inland communities and economies. NCCOS's ...
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A Primer to Living Shorelines Published

A synthesis of recent thinking and results from practitioners and researchers of Living Shorelines just hit the stands. " Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection," details ...
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Winners and Losers in the California Current under...

A NOAA-supported study projects that Dungeness crab and some commercial finfish species living on the sea floor may decline in future years due to increased ocean acidification in the California ...
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Risk of Toxic Shellfish on West Coast Increases wi...

High levels of domoic acid, a shellfish toxin, are correlated with warmer ocean temperatures offshore of Oregon and Washington. An NCCOS-supported research team led by scientists from Oregon State University, ...
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First Compendium on Deep-water Algae of Puerto Ric...

A new taxonomic publication describes the relatively unknown algal flora of mesophotic coral ecosystems in Puerto Rico. Theseecosystems are characterized by the presence of light-dependent corals and associated communities found ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

The Ecological Assessment of Storm Impacts website includes a database of chemical and toxicological information on contaminants permitted for use in the St. Johns River Watershed, Florida, and the lower Columbia River watershed in Oregon and Washington.
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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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This map service comprises seasonal distribution maps and model outputs of selected seabird, pinniped and cetacean species off the Pacific coast of Washington. The maps were developed by predicting relative density using associative models linking at-sea species observations with environmental covariates. Seabird, pinniped and cetacean observations were compiled from federal, state and NGO monitoring programs with data between 1995 and 2014. Environmental covariates were processed from long-term archival satellite, oceanographic, and hydrographic databases. Selected species include: Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus), Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata), Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata), Common Murre (Uria aalge), Black-footed Albatross (Phoebastria nigripes), Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis), Pink-footed Shearwater (Puffinus creatopus), Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus), Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus), Dall’s porpoise (Phocoenoides dalli), and harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Summer season (April to October) predictions were developed for all species. In addition, winter season (November to March) predictions were developed for Rhinoceros Auklet, Common Murre and Black-footed Albatross. The collection includes multiple geospatial model outputs for each species and season combination.
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The Washington State Spatial Prioritization Data Viewer has been compiled to assist the State in prioritizing seafloor mapping data needs along Washington’s Pacific coast as part of their marine spatial planning process. This viewer contains an inventory of existing seafloor mapping surveys and other relevant data layers (e.g. shoreline, human use, marine boundaries, marine life, oceanography, and benthic habitats) that can be utilized by planners, managers, and scientists to prioritize areas of the coast for additional seafloor mapping data collection. This viewer contains a range of information on the type, extent, year, and source of a multitude of seafloor mapping surveys conducted along the outer coast. We request your feedback on any additional surveys which are not included.
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Data & Publications

A guinea pig’s tale: learning to review end-to-end marine ecosystem models for management applications

A shift towards ecosystem-based management in recent decades has led to new analytical tools such as end-to-end marine ecosystem models. End-to-end models are complex and typically simulate full ecosystems from oceanography to foodwebs and fisheries, operate on a spatial framework, ...
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A Novel Antibody-Based Biomarker for Chronic Algal Toxin Exposure and Sub-Acute Neurotoxicity

The neurotoxic amino acid, domoic acid (DA), is naturally produced by marine phytoplankton and presents a significant threat to the health of marine mammals, seabirds and humans via transfer of the toxin through the foodweb. In humans, acute exposure causes ...
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A Pilot Survey of Deepwater Coral/Sponge Assemblages and their Susceptibility to Fishing/Harvest Impacts at the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (OCNMS): Cruise Report for NOAA Ship McARTHUR II Cruise AR-04-04 Leg 2

The offshore shelf and canyon habitats of the OCNMS (Fig. 1) are areas of high primary productivity and biodiversity that support extensive groundfish fisheries. Recent acoustic surveys conducted in these waters have indicated the presence of hard-bottom substrates believed to ...
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Advancing Tools for Modeling, Forecasting and Managing for Vibrio spp. in Washington State

The vast majority of Vibrio-related illnesses in Washington State are associated with a single species, Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp). The intent of this workshop was to bring together tribal and non-tribal industry representatives, Federal subject matter experts, State Shellfish Control Authorities, ...
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An evaluation of marine mammal surveys to support Washington State’s Marine Spatial Planning process

The objective of this report is to identify and evaluate existing datasets related to the distribution of marine mammals along the Northwest coast of the United States which can support Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) by the State of Washington. In ...
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An Oceanographic Characterization of the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary and Pacific Northwest: Interpretive Summary of Ocean Climate and Regional Processes Through Satellite Remote Sensing

This summary represents the continuation of an ongoing collaboration with the Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS), Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (OCNMS), and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA), through ...
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An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions

A coastwide bloom of the toxigenic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia in spring 2015 resulted in the largest recorded outbreak of the neurotoxin, domoic acid, along the North American west coast. Elevated toxins were measured in numerous stranded marine mammals and resulted in ...
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Biological, chemical, and physical data from the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network from 13 Sep 2001 to 7 Mar 2013 (NODC Accession 0117942)

The Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) is a part of the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS). The PMN was created as an outreach program to connect volunteers and professional scientists in the monitoring of marine phytoplankton and harmful algal ...
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Change in Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecosystems. Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecosystems Regional Study Workshop, August 73-14, 1996, Troutdale, Oregon

This document presents the results of a workshop conducted during August, 1996, to better define a research agenda to study the combined effects of natural variability and anthropogenic change in Pacific Northwest coastal ecosystems. It contains five complementary syntheses written ...
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Chronic Low-Level Domoic Acid Exposure Alters Gene Transcription and Impairs Mitochondrial Function in the CNS

Domoic acid is an algal-derived seafood toxin that functions as a glutamate agonist and exerts excitotoxicity via overstimulation of glutamate receptors (AMPA, NMDA) in the central nervous system (CNS). At high (symptomatic) doses, domoic acid is well-known to cause seizures, ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Air-sea interaction from the Tropics to Arctic

Accurate air-sea fluxes are essential to weather-climate forecast/projection. Recently developed autonomous observing technology (e.g., Saildrones) enable us to collect in situ flux data in remote region of the world, such ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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