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Projects

Bioeffects Program Reports: Mid/North Atlantic Reg...

The Bioeffects program is a nationwide program of environmental assessment designed to describe the current status of environmental quality in our nation's estuarine and coastal areas. Field studies examine the ...
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EcoGIS: Tools for Ecosystem-based Fisheries Manage...

The EcoGIS project was launched to determine how geographic information systems (GIS) technology, marine data, and custom analysis tools could be leveraged to promote fishery management strategies based on the ...
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Ecological Analysis Used to Support New York State...

We collaborated with the state of New York to collect and interpret ecological information needed to plan the location of wind farms and other ocean projects. The scope of our ...
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Hypoxia Response to Nutrient Management in Narraga...

We are developing observational and modeling tools and analyses to help management agencies in Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island assess the efficacy of nutrient management controls on hypoxia (low dissolved oxygen) ...
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Improving the Gulf of Maine HAB Forecast with Envi...

Toxic algal blooms pose a serious health risk and often disrupt valuable regional shellfisheries. Eating seafood tainted with algal toxins can sicken or even kill people. We are pioneering use ...
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Integrative Statistical Modeling and Predictive Ma...

Seabirds and other marine birds are wide-ranging and highly mobile, so mapping their at-sea distributions presents a significant challenge. The purpose of this project is to produce high-resolution predictive maps ...
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Investigating Domoic Acid Biosynthesis and Toxic B...

The marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia (PN) produces domoic acid (DA), a neurotoxin that has caused widespread human poisoning along the northeast and northwest coasts of the contiguous U.S. Researchers have investigated ...
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News

Habitat Focus Areas Highlighted at Coastal and Est...

Goldsborough Creek, Choptank River Complex Habitat Focus Area. Credit: NOAA. NOAA’s Habitat Focus Areas (HFAs) were highlighted at the 24th Biennial Conference of the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation held ...
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Robots Help Locate Origins of Shellfish Toxicity i...

Scientists deployed four underwater robotic Environmental Sample Processors (ESPs) in the Bay of Fundy and the eastern Gulf of Maine at the end of last month. The ESPs count the Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning ...
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Gulf of Maine Red Tide Monitoring Provides Real-ti...

Figure 1: Depiction of Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) and buoy configured for deployment in the Gulf of Maine. Credit: WHOI From late April to early July 2016, the National Centers ...
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A Primer to Living Shorelines Published

A synthesis of recent thinking and results from practitioners and researchers of Living Shorelines just hit the stands. " Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection," details ...
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NCCOS Helps New England Respond to Unprecedented H...

For the first time in New England's coastal waters, shellfish have exceeded the regulatory limit for domoic acid - a potent neurotoxin produced by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. Domoic acid accumulates ...
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Science Informs Vote to Protect Mid-Atlantic Deep-...

On June 10, NCCOS's cross-NOAA partnerships and investment in carrying out spatial analyses of deep-sea coral ecosystems informed a near-unanimous vote by the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (MAFMC) to protect ...
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Ocean Acidification Concerns, Information to be Ai...

The Northeast Coastal Acidification Network (NECAN) is planning an 'Ocean and Coastal Acidification Stakeholder Workshop' for December 10, 2014 at the Darling Marine Center in Walpole, Maine. As a member ...
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Coastal Ocean Acidification: The Other Eutrophicat...

Northeast U.S. coastal areas experiencing low oxygen and acidic conditions. (Courtesy C. Gobler, SUNY Stony Brook) Eutrophication, or increased nutrient loading to estuaries, causes algae to bloom and consequently coastal ...
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Some Coastal Fish May be Able to Adapt to an Acidi...

A new study shows that some coastal fish may be able to condition their offspring to tolerate seasonally acidifying environments, a result never shown before in wild fish populations. Experiments ...
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Ocean Acidification: NCCOS-funded Research Reveals...

While, the negative impacts of increasing ocean acidification on clams, scallops and other bivalves the biological basis is still unclear,'legacy effect' of early CO2explosure can play a significant role in ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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Data & Publications

A quantitative genetic approach to assess the evolutionary potential of a coastal marine fish to ocean acidification

Assessing the potential of marine organisms to adapt genetically to increasing oceanic CO2 levels requires proxies such as heritability of fitness-related traits under ocean acidification (OA). We applied a quantitative genetic method to derive the first heritability estimate of survival ...
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A Reduced Complexity, Hybrid Empirical-Mechanistic Model of Eutrophication and Hypoxia in Shallow Marine Ecosystems

Numerical simulation models have a long history as research tools for the study of coastal marine ecosystems, and are increasingly being used to inform management, particularly related to nutrient-fueled eutrophication. Demand for modeling assessments is rapidly increasing, and managers need ...
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Biological, chemical, and physical data from the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network from 13 Sep 2001 to 7 Mar 2013 (NODC Accession 0117942)

The Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) is a part of the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS). The PMN was created as an outreach program to connect volunteers and professional scientists in the monitoring of marine phytoplankton and harmful algal ...
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Coastal ocean acidification: The other eutrophication problem

Increased nutrient loading into estuaries causes the accumulation of algal biomass, and microbial degradation of this organic matter decreases oxygen levels and contributes towards hypoxia. A second, often overlooked consequence of microbial degradation of organic matter is the production of ...
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Diurnal Fluctuations in Acidification and Hypoxia Reduce Growth and Survival of Larval and Juvenile Bay Scallops (Argopecten irradians) and Hard Clams (Mercenaria mercenaria)

Diurnal variations in pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations are common seasonal phenomena in many eutrophic estuaries, yet few studies have investigated the concurrent effects of low pH and low DO on marine organisms inhabiting these coastal systems. Here, we ...
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Diurnal fluctuations in CO2 and dissolved oxygen concentrations do not provide a refuge from hypoxia and acidification for early-life-stage bivalves

This study assessed the effects of constant and diurnally fluctuating acidification and hypoxia on the survival, growth, and development of larval stages of 3 bivalves indigenous to the east coast of North America: bay scallops Argopecten irradians, hard clams Mercenaria ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)

This is the Mid-Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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Hypoxia and acidification have additive and synergistic negative effects on the growth, survival, and metamorphosis of earlylife stage bivalves

Low oxygen zones in coastal and open ocean ecosystems have expanded in recent decades, a trend that will accelerate with climatic warming. There is growing recognition that low oxygen regions of the ocean are also acidified, a condition that will ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Fisheries Oceanography in the Northeast U.S. Conti...

The Oceans and Climate Branch in Narragansett Rhode Island monitors the oceanographic conditions on the Northeast U.S. shelf and applies this information to regional fisheries and ecosystem assessments. In addition, ...
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General, Internships, Rhode Island
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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