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Projects

A Mechanism Based Intervention for Brevetoxin Indu...

The Florida manatee inhabits environments in which blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, frequently occur. K. brevis produces brevetoxins, that result in fish kills, contamination of shellfish, and respiratory ...
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A Study of Gambierdiscus ‘Super Bugs’ ...

Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is the most common algal-borne illness worldwide. It is a debilitating syndrome caused by consumption of fish contaminated with ciguatoxins (CTXs) produced by the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus ...
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Aggression is a Symptom of Domoic Acid Poisoning i...

To gain a better understanding of symptoms experienced by California sea lions caused by the toxin domoic acid, we are studying the relationship between aggression and seizure behavior in laboratory ...
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An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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Application of Quantitative Molecular Methods to C...

This project supports development for two lab-based quantitative molecular methods for more rapid, accurate detection of Alexandrium catenella resting cysts in sediment from the Gulf of Maine, Puget Sound, and ...
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Are Growth and Toxicity of the Dinoflagellate Alex...

Blooms of Alexandrium fundyense result in economic losses to fisheries, aquaculture, and pose public health risks. Typically, A. fundyense growth and toxicity are seen as dependent on light, temperature, and ...
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Assessing Societal Impacts of Harmful Macroalgae B...

This study will use a mixed methods approach to examine how Sargassum events and their mitigation in the Caribbean affect multiple dimensions of social resilience, including economic impacts, human wellbeing, ...
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Assessment of the Short- and Long-Term Socioeconom...

This project will comprehensively quantify and qualify the short- and long-term socioeconomic impacts of the 2017-2019 Karenia brevis event in Florida. It will also develop a transferable framework to inform ...
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Azaspiracid: An Emerging Algal Toxin

Azaspiracids are a group of toxins first reported in the 1990s in Western European waters and are now reported to occur along both the East and West coasts of North ...
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Causes and Consequences of Cell Death in the Toxic...

Numerous studies have increased understanding of processes that lead to algal bloom initiation, growth, and transport but little is known about the causes of bloom decline and termination. Preliminary results ...
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News

Algal Cyst Sampling in Alaska Advances Multi-Regio...

Sediment collection in Chiniak Bay, near Kodiak Alaska. Credit: Julie Matweyou, Alaska Sea Grant NCCOS funded partners recently completed field work in Kodiak Alaska to continue advancing a coordinated, multi-region ...
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Toxic Alga Dinophysis an Emerging Threat to Human ...

Mesodinium rubrum (left cell) captured by Dinophysis cf. ovum. Modified from Mafra Jr. et al. 2016. The toxic dinoflagellate alga Dinophysis threatens human health and coastal economies through the production ...
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New Method Provides for Fast and Accurate Determin...

Washington state shellfish validated for LC-MS/MS method. Left to right: California and blue mussels, native littleneck clam, Manila littleneck clam, and Pacific oyster. Photo Credit: Washington State Department of Health ...
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Understanding HABs Under Climate Change Requires N...

A new book compiles the current evidence on climate change and toxin producing harmful algal species in aquatic systems. A book chapter, sponsored in part by NCCOS, describes some of ...
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Public Reporting Tool Helps Long Island’s Suffolk ...

Brown tides and other harmful algal blooms (HABs) are becoming a recurrent seasonal issue in the coastal waters of New York’s Suffolk County. A NCCOS brown tide research project provided ...
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Urea-based Fertilizer Promotes Blue-Green Algal Bl...

Figure 1. The MERHAB Autonomous Research Vessel In-situ (MARVIN) deployed in Sarasota Bay in 2009. Credit FWC. A recent NCCOS-supported study observed that urea inputs into Sarasota Bay, FL influenced ...
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National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network Fra...

The National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network (NHABON) Framework offers a high-level regional analysis of existing efforts to monitor and forecast harmful algal blooms (HABs) and identifies gaps in observing ...
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Reviews of Our Current Understanding of Harmful Di...

In a recently released book on dinoflagellates, three chapters update knowledge of and changing views for the red tide alga Karenia brevis and the estuarine Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates Pfiesteria piscicida and ...
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Marine Heatwaves Fuel Harmful Algal Blooms Off US ...

Recreational razor clamming can bring thousands of visitors to the Washington coast. Toxins concentrated in razor clam and Dungeness crab fisheries have caused economic damage to coastal communities. Repeated marine ...
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NCCOS Supports Expansion of Red Tide Respiratory F...

This photo, taken while conducting aerial surveys for manatee conservation studies, clearly shows red tide off Florida’s Southwest coastline during the 2017–2019 bloom. Credit: Mote Marine Laboratory’s Manatee Research Program ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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Harmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as “red tide”, occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or “blooms”, in the water. These blooms can emit powerful toxins which endanger human and animal health. NCCOS conducts and funds research that helps communities protect the public and combat blooms in cost-effective ways, and we are breaking new ground in the science of stopping blooms before they occur.
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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
Project PageView Product

NCCOS developed the Algal Bloom Monitoring System to routinely deliver near real-time products for use in locating, monitoring and quantifying algal blooms in coastal and lake regions of the US. This application delivers a suite of bloom detection products in the form of geographic based images. At this time products are available for selected regions. New products are being evaluated, and new regions are being considered; as they are proven useful, they will be made available through this system.

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Data & Publications

A Bayesian Semiparametric Regression Model for Joint Analysis of Microbiome Data

The successional dynamics of microbial communities are influenced by the synergistic interactions of physical and biological factors. In our motivating data, ocean microbiome samples were collected from the Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf, Monterey Bay at multiple time points and then ...
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A changing nutrient regime in the Gulf of Maine

Recent oceanographic observations and a retrospective analysis of nutrients and hydrography over the past five decades have revealed that the principal source of nutrients to the Gulf of Maine, the deep, nutrient-rich continental slope waters that enter at depth through ...
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A decade and a half of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and domoic acid along the coast of southern California

Blooms of the marine diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia that produce the neurotoxin domoic acid have been documented with regularity along the coast of southern California since 2003, with the occurrence of the toxin in shellfish tissue predating information on domoic acid ...
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A high-resolution pre-operational forecast model of circulation on the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope

A new pre-operational model of circulation over the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope, based on the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS) is presented. The model is designed with a number of practical applications in mind: to predict oil spill trajectories, ...
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A Novel Antibody-Based Biomarker for Chronic Algal Toxin Exposure and Sub-Acute Neurotoxicity

The neurotoxic amino acid, domoic acid (DA), is naturally produced by marine phytoplankton and presents a significant threat to the health of marine mammals, seabirds and humans via transfer of the toxin through the foodweb. In humans, acute exposure causes ...
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A quantitative real-time PCR assay for the identification and enumeration of Alexandrium cysts in marine sediments

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a global problem that affects both human and ecosystem health. One of the most serious and widespread HAB poisoning syndromes is paralytic shellfish poisoning, commonly caused by Alexandrium spp. dinoflagellates. Like many toxic dinoflagellates, Alexandrium ...
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Advancing Tools for Modeling, Forecasting and Managing for Vibrio spp. in Washington State

The vast majority of Vibrio-related illnesses in Washington State are associated with a single species, Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp). The intent of this workshop was to bring together tribal and non-tribal industry representatives, Federal subject matter experts, State Shellfish Control Authorities, ...
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An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions

A coastwide bloom of the toxigenic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia in spring 2015 resulted in the largest recorded outbreak of the neurotoxin, domoic acid, along the North American west coast. Elevated toxins were measured in numerous stranded marine mammals and resulted in ...
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Asynchronous vertical migration and bimodal distribution of motile phytoplankton

Some motile phytoplankton have the capability to exploit deep sources of nutrients in a vertical migration cycle: photosynthesis in the near-surface layer, transit to depth, uptake of the limiting nutrient and transit back to the surface layer. If all four ...
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Biological, chemical, and physical data from the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network from 13 Sep 2001 to 7 Mar 2013 (NODC Accession 0117942)

The Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) is a part of the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS). The PMN was created as an outreach program to connect volunteers and professional scientists in the monitoring of marine phytoplankton and harmful algal ...
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General Pages

2017 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemExperimental Gulf of Maine Alexandrium fundyense Nowcast/Forecast Simulation Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from November 2016, with germination, growth, and ...
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2018 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemExperimental Gulf of Maine Alexandrium catenella Nowcast/Forecast Simulation Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from February 2018, with germination, growth, and ...
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2019 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemExperimental Gulf of Maine Alexandrium catenella Nowcast/Forecast Simulation Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from February 2019, with germination, growth, and ...
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Bulletin Update

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemWe've updated the look of our Lake Erie HAB Bulletins The imagery for the Lake Erie Bulletin is changing to a new color scale. This scale ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Albema...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds, NCImages last updated: 02/24/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 10 ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Green ...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Green Bay and Lake Winnebago, WI Images last updated: 02/23/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake O...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake Okeechobee, FL Images last updated: 02/24/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 13 usable ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake P...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake Pontchartrain, LA Images last updated: 02/24/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 49 usable ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Sagina...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Saginaw Bay, MI Images last updated: 02/21/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 5 usable ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Wester...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Western Lake Erie basinImages last updated: 02/24/2021 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 8 usable ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Phytoplankton composition and optics of the Northe...

Phytoplankton composition is a critical component of aquatic food web structure, societally important fisheries, and human health. These internships are part of a larger project to test and evaluate phytoplankton ...
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