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Projects

A Baseline Chemical Contaminants Study of Marine S...

We are assessing the scope and extent of land-based sources of chemical contaminants in the marine sediments of Nu’uuli Pala Lagoon in American Samoa. Currently, there are no contaminant data ...
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A Chemical Contaminant Characterization of Waters ...

We are assessing the scope and extent of land-based sources of chemical contaminants in the marine waters surrounding Cocos Island, Guam. Previous NCCOS studies identified a gap in polychlorinated biphenyls ...
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Aggression is a Symptom of Domoic Acid Poisoning i...

To gain a better understanding of symptoms experienced by California sea lions caused by the toxin domoic acid, we are studying the relationship between aggression and seizure behavior in laboratory ...
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An Assessment of Chemical Contaminants in Sediment...

We studied the coastal waters of southwest Puerto Rico to find out what kind and how much pollution (chemical contaminants) are in sediments and corals (Porites astreoides) and how that ...
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An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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An Ecological Characterization of the Marine Resou...

We studied the coastal waters of Vieques, Puerto Rico, looking at fish and bottom-dwelling animals, contaminants in sediments and corals, and nutrient levels in surface waters. We also mapped the ...
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Applied Ecophysiology of Marine Aquaculture Specie...

Forecasting environmental interactions of marine aquaculture activities requires an in-depth understanding of the environment and the species farmed. We are investigating two promising candidates for marine aquaculture: red porgy and ...
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Aquaculture and Eutrophication in Long Island Soun...

Eutrophication is the overabundance of nutrients in a body of water that results in harmful algal blooms, fish kills, and in some cases ecosystem collapse. We are investigating the feasibility ...
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AquaSpace – An Ecosystem Approach to Making Space ...

Aquaculture is a large and growing segment of seafood production because capture fisheries production continues to decline. A major challenge to the expansion of marine aquaculture in most nations is ...
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Assessing Land Based Sources of Pollution in Tinia...

Coral reefs are diverse, productive, and economically valuable ecosystem, but are threatened by a variety of stressors in including land based sources of pollution, such as nutrients, pesticide, heavy metals ...
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News

Multi-pronged Modeling Yields New Guidance to Miti...

Several NOAA-sponsored models took center stage at a recent meeting of the Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Task Force Coordinating Committee. Results from the models offered the task force new guidance ...
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NCCOS Helps Shellfish Growers Stay Informed on HAB...

The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe Oyster Farm in Sequim, Washington. Credit: NOAA. NCCOS organized a special session for the 71st Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Shellfish Growers Association that addressed ...
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NCCOS Helps Ohio Respond to Unusual Harmful Algal ...

Sites samples along the Maumee River by BGSU, University of Toledo and Defiance College. Credit: NOAA Concerns regarding a large cyanobacteria harmful algal bloom (HAB) of Microcystis spp. and Planktothrix spp., ...
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Mobile Rapid Pathogen Test for Leptospira in Calif...

California sea lions are at risk of the bacterial disease Leptospirosis, cased by Letrospira, which can lead to liver and kidney damage, and death. Credit: NOAA Leptospirosis, a bacterial disease ...
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NCCOS Awards $1.7M to Harmful Algal Bloom and Toxi...

The National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) awarded $1.68M (million) in Fiscal Year 2017 funding for nine research projects to identify conditions increasing bloom toxicity, model toxin movement from ...
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National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network Hol...

The National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network (NHABON) Working Group recently met to document current HAB observing capabilities and identify outstanding requirements or gaps in existing regional observing networks. During ...
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Portable Red Tide Detector Debuts at NOAA Emerging...

A portable, hand-held instrument that uses genetics to detect the red tide-causing organism Karenia brevis in the field was featured at the second NOAA Emerging Technologies for Observations Workshop. The device, dubbed ...
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Study Provides Nutrient Reduction Targets to Reach...

The Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Task Force (HTF) has made major strides in reducing point source nutrient pollution in the Gulf of Mexico watershed, and had some success in mitigating nonpoint ...
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Gulf of Mexico ‘Dead Zone’ Largest Ever Measured

Scientists have determined this year’s Gulf of Mexico “dead zone,” an area of low oxygen that can kill fish and marine life, is 8,776 square miles, an area about the ...
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Hypoxia Leads to Atlantic Croaker Decline in Gulf ...

A team of scientists led by Louisiana State University (LSU) developed a model to understand the impacts of hypoxia (low oxygen) on Atlantic croaker in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Results indicate ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

Harmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as “red tide”, occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or “blooms”, in the water. These blooms can emit powerful toxins which endanger human and animal health. NCCOS conducts and funds research that helps communities protect the public and combat blooms in cost-effective ways, and we are breaking new ground in the science of stopping blooms before they occur.
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Invasive lionfish are changing marine habitats in the Western Atlantic and our understanding of invasive species. Learn how communities at the center of the invasion are using science, food, art and culture to help stop these invaders in their tracks.
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The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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The Pharmaceuticals in the Environment website is designed to provide available information for assessing risks to aquatic resources from drugs entering waterways from both point and non-point sources. The website includes information on frequently prescribed drugs as well as most antibiotics and lipid-lowering drugs.
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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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The Vibrio Predictive Models combine state of the art hydrodynamic models with specific algorithms for Vibrio, to provide early warning of these potential coastal hazards. Knowing where and when to expect elevated concentrations of Vibrio, and environmental conditions that promote rapid growth can inform both management and individual grower harvest decision making in the shellfish industry.
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Data & Reports

A Manual of Previously Recorded Non-indigenous Invasive and Native Transplanted Animal Species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and Coastal United States

This manual presents geographic information by state of occurrence, and descriptions of the socio-economic impact created by the invasion of nonindigenous and native transplanted animal species in the Laurentian Great Lakes and the coastal waters of the United States. It ...
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A surveillance strategy for invasive species of concern in deepwater habitats of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

This document provides strategies to detect deepwater invasive species in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) in support of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (PMNM). The strategies use technical diving to conduct visual surveys and focus on two invasive species of ...
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Advancing Coastal Science 2017-2021

Advancing Coastal Science lays out four priorities developed as a result of a lengthy stakeholder engagement process. These priorities will be our driving force over the next five years, and will guide NCCOS’s science and competitive research investments. NCCOS will ...
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Advancing Tools for Modeling, Forecasting and Managing for Vibrio spp. in Washington State

The vast majority of Vibrio-related illnesses in Washington State are associated with a single species, Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Vp). The intent of this workshop was to bring together tribal and non-tribal industry representatives, Federal subject matter experts, State Shellfish Control Authorities, ...
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An assessment of chemical contaminants detected in passive water samplers deployed in the St. Thomas east end reserves (STEER)

This report is the second in a series from a project to assess land-based sources of pollution (LBSP) and effects in the St. Thomas East End Reserves (STEER) in St. Thomas, USVI, and is the result of a collaborative effort ...
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An assessment of chemical contaminants, toxicity and benthic infauna in sediments from the St. Thomas East End Reserves (STEER)

This report contains a chemical and biological characterization of sediments from the St. Thomas East End Reserves (STEER) in St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI). The STEER Management Plan (published in 2011) identified chemical contaminants and habitat loss as high ...
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An assessment of contaminant body burdens in the coral (Porites astreoides) and Queen conch (Strombus gigas) from the St. Thomas East End Reserves (STEER)

As part of the joint effort between the US Virgin Islands Department of Planning and Natural Resources and the NOAA Centers for Coastal and Ocean Science (NCCOS), to conduct a Reserves-wide impact assessment of land-based sources of pollution and effects ...
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An assessment of nutrients, sedimentation, and total suspended solids (TSS) in the St. Thomas East End Reserves (STEER)

This is the fifth report from a project to assess land-based sources of pollution (LSBPs) and their effects, and to characterize the biological community with the St. Thomas East End Reserves (Steer) in St. Thomas, USVI. Here we summarize the ...
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An Assessment of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in Sediments and Bivalves of the U.S. Coastal Zone

This report, which represents the first national assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the U.S. coastal zone, shows that they are widely distributed. PBDE concentrations in both sediment and bivalve tissue correlate with human population density along the U.S ...
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An ecosystem services assessment using bioextraction technologies for removal of nitrogen and other substances in Long Island Sound and the Great Bay/Piscataqua Region Estuaries

A State-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Nutrient Innovations Task Group concluded in a 2009 report (State -- EPA Nutrient Innovations Task Group, 2009) that 'continuing the status quo at the national, state, and local levels and relying upon our current practices ...
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General Pages

Bioeffects Program

Bioeffects ProgramSince 1991, The Bioeffects Program has undertaken a series of regional environmental assessments designed to describe the magnitude and extent of toxic contaminant impacts in our nation's estuarine and ...
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CHRP

Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP)Over half of U.S. estuaries experience natural or human-induced hypoxic conditions at some time each year and the frequency and duration of hypoxic events have increased ...
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Dead Zone

NCCOS-Supported Research Provides Foundation for Management of the 'Dead Zone' in the Northern Gulf of MexicoSince its inception in 1990, the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science has provided the ...
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ECOHAB

Ecology and Oceanography of HABs (ECOHAB)Toxic Karenia brevis stains the water off South Padre Island, Texas, a rusty red. We fundresearch to understand the biology of harmful algae species and ...
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Environmental Compliance

Environmental ComplianceAll federal agencies are required to review everything they do (e.g., construction/ facility modifications, operations, scientific research) for compliance with various environmental statutes (e.g. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), ...
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HAB Forecasts

HAB ForecastsOur HAB forecasts alert coastal managers to blooms before they cause serious damage. Short-term (once or twice weekly) forecasts identify which blooms are potentially harmful, where they are, how ...
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HABHRCA

Harmful Algal Bloom and Hypoxia Research and Control ActThe Issue Harmful algal blooms (HABs) and hypoxic events (severe oxygen depletion) are some of the most scientifically complex and economically damaging ...
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Hypoxia Program

Hypoxia Research ProgramWe research the relationship between nutrient pollution and ecosystem effects. The nutrient pollution from the Mississippi River fuels the Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Zone. Image by NOAA's Environmental ...
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MERHAB

Monitoring and Event Response (MERHAB)Our funding enhances state and regional monitoring with advanced harmful algae detection capabilities, from low-cost shellfish toxin tests to high-tech sensors at sea. (Credit: Washington State ...
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NGOMEX

Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems & Hypoxia Assessment (NGOMEX)Program HighlightsThe northern portion of the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem, which contains almost half of the nation's coastal wetlands and supports commercial and ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov