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Projects

A Baseline Chemical Contaminants Study of Marine S...

We are assessing the scope and extent of land-based sources of chemical contaminants in the marine sediments of Nu’uuli Pala Lagoon in American Samoa. Currently, there are no contaminant data ...
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A Chemical Contaminant Characterization of Waters ...

We are assessing the scope and extent of land-based sources of chemical contaminants in the marine waters surrounding Cocos Island, Guam. Previous NCCOS studies identified a gap in polychlorinated biphenyls ...
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A Study of Gambierdiscus ‘Super Bugs’ ...

Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is the most common algal-borne illness worldwide. It is a debilitating syndrome caused by consumption of fish contaminated with ciguatoxins (CTXs) produced by the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus ...
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Aggression is a Symptom of Domoic Acid Poisoning i...

To gain a better understanding of symptoms experienced by California sea lions caused by the toxin domoic acid, we are studying the relationship between aggression and seizure behavior in laboratory ...
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An Assessment of Chemical Contaminants in Sediment...

We studied the coastal waters of southwest Puerto Rico to find out what kind and how much pollution (chemical contaminants) are in sediments and corals (Porites astreoides) and how that ...
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An Early Warning System for Pseudo-nitzschia Harmf...

Blooms of some species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia produce a neurotoxin that accumulates in shellfish, which can cause illness and even death in humans who eat them. Shellfish managers monitor ...
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An Ecological Characterization of the Marine Resou...

We studied the coastal waters of Vieques, Puerto Rico, looking at fish and bottom-dwelling animals, contaminants in sediments and corals, and nutrient levels in surface waters. We also mapped the ...
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An Integrated Assessment of Oil and Gas Release in...

In 2004, the Taylor Energy Mississippi Canyon 20 (MC20) oil and gas drilling platform was toppled during Hurricane Ivan. Since the collapse of the drilling platform, the MC20 site has ...
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Applied Ecophysiology of Marine Aquaculture Specie...

Forecasting environmental interactions of marine aquaculture activities requires an in-depth understanding of the environment and the species farmed. We are investigating two promising candidates for marine aquaculture: red porgy and ...
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Aquaculture and Eutrophication in Long Island Soun...

Eutrophication is the overabundance of nutrients in a body of water that results in harmful algal blooms, fish kills, and in some cases ecosystem collapse. We are investigating the feasibility ...
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News

Large Harmful Algal Bloom Predicted for Lake Erie ...

Cyanobacteria bloom in Lake Erie on August 19, 2011, one of the worst bloom years for the lake on record. Credit: Thomas Archer. NOAA and its research partners are forecasting ...
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NCCOS Assists Response to Cyanobactrial Blooms in ...

NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science provided a HAB Event Response award of $12,900 to the Louisiana State University (LSU) and Lake Pontchartrain Basin Foundation (LPBF). This award will ...
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With Second Workshop, NCCOS Continues Focus on Hyp...

Credit S. Brandt, OSU. Building on results of an initial 2017 workshop, a second advisory panel workshop concerning the effects of low dissolved oxygen in water (hypoxia) was held June ...
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NCCOS Scientists Publish Flow Rates for 14-year-lo...

Scientists from NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) have calculated a new estimate of flow rates of oil leaking at the site of the former Taylor Energy Mississippi ...
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Underwater Robotic Sensors Deployed in Gulf of Mai...

Map showing locations of ESPs (yellow dots) and cruise survey stations (blue dots) in the Bay of Fundy and the Gulf of Maine. Credit: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Last week, ...
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NOAA Forecasts Very Large ‘Dead Zone’ for Gulf of ...

NCCOS scientists are forecasting this summer’s Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone or "dead zone"—an area of low to no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life—will be approximately ...
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U.S. Coast Guard Tours NCCOS’s Charleston La...

USCG members view coral in NCCOS Labs. Credit NOAA/NCCOS. Earlier this month, NCCOS's Charleston, South Carolina, laboratories hosted the Prevention and Response Departments from the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Sector ...
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New Report Summarizes Magnitude and Effects of Con...

NOAA National Status & Trends Bioeffects Program: A Summary of the Magnitude and Effects of Contaminants in the Nation's Coastal Waters report cover. Credit: NOAA. The NCCOS Bioeffects Program has ...
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Toxicity of the Dinoflagellate Alexandrium Control...

A new study supported by NCCOS shows that the presence of zooplankton grazers dramatically increases toxin production in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella, a species notorious for its paralytic shellfish ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

Harmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as “red tide”, occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or “blooms”, in the water. These blooms can emit powerful toxins which endanger human and animal health. NCCOS conducts and funds research that helps communities protect the public and combat blooms in cost-effective ways, and we are breaking new ground in the science of stopping blooms before they occur.
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Invasive lionfish are changing marine habitats in the Western Atlantic and our understanding of invasive species. Learn how communities at the center of the invasion are using science, food, art and culture to help stop these invaders in their tracks.
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The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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The Pharmaceuticals in the Environment website is designed to provide available information for assessing risks to aquatic resources from drugs entering waterways from both point and non-point sources. The website includes information on frequently prescribed drugs as well as most antibiotics and lipid-lowering drugs.
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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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The Vibrio Predictive Models combine state of the art hydrodynamic models with specific algorithms for Vibrio, to provide early warning of these potential coastal hazards. Knowing where and when to expect elevated concentrations of Vibrio, and environmental conditions that promote rapid growth can inform both management and individual grower harvest decision making in the shellfish industry.
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Data & Publications

2000 years of sustainable use of watersheds and coral reefs in Pacific Islands: A review for Palau

In Palau and everywhere in the world, coastal coral reefs are threatened by sedimentation resulting from land clearing in the watersheds. Palau's largest island of Babeldaob is particularly susceptible to significant erosion due to its steep topography, high rainfall, and ...
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A Bayesian Semiparametric Regression Model for Joint Analysis of Microbiome Data

The successional dynamics of microbial communities are influenced by the synergistic interactions of physical and biological factors. In our motivating data, ocean microbiome samples were collected from the Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf, Monterey Bay at multiple time points and then ...
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A changing nutrient regime in the Gulf of Maine

Recent oceanographic observations and a retrospective analysis of nutrients and hydrography over the past five decades have revealed that the principal source of nutrients to the Gulf of Maine, the deep, nutrient-rich continental slope waters that enter at depth through ...
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A coupled physical-biological model of the Northern Gulf of Mexico shelf: model description, validation and analysis of phytoplankton variability

The Texas-Louisiana shelf in the Northern Gulf of Mexico receives large inputs of nutrients and freshwater from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River system. The nutrients stimulate high rates of primary production in the river plume, which contributes to the development of a ...
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A decade and a half of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and domoic acid along the coast of southern California

Blooms of the marine diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia that produce the neurotoxin domoic acid have been documented with regularity along the coast of southern California since 2003, with the occurrence of the toxin in shellfish tissue predating information on domoic acid ...
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A high-resolution pre-operational forecast model of circulation on the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope

A new pre-operational model of circulation over the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope, based on the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS) is presented. The model is designed with a number of practical applications in mind: to predict oil spill trajectories, ...
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A Manual of Previously Recorded Non-indigenous Invasive and Native Transplanted Animal Species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and Coastal United States

This manual presents geographic information by state of occurrence, and descriptions of the socio-economic impact created by the invasion of nonindigenous and native transplanted animal species in the Laurentian Great Lakes and the coastal waters of the United States. It ...
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A modeling study of physical controls on hypoxia generation in the northern Gulf of Mexico

The Louisiana shelf (LA shelf) in the northern Gulf of Mexico experiences hypoxic conditions every summer due to the combination of eutrophication and strong water column stratification. Here we use a three-dimensional circulation model coupled with a simple oxygen model ...
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A Novel Antibody-Based Biomarker for Chronic Algal Toxin Exposure and Sub-Acute Neurotoxicity

The neurotoxic amino acid, domoic acid (DA), is naturally produced by marine phytoplankton and presents a significant threat to the health of marine mammals, seabirds and humans via transfer of the toxin through the foodweb. In humans, acute exposure causes ...
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A quantitative real-time PCR assay for the identification and enumeration of Alexandrium cysts in marine sediments

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a global problem that affects both human and ecosystem health. One of the most serious and widespread HAB poisoning syndromes is paralytic shellfish poisoning, commonly caused by Alexandrium spp. dinoflagellates. Like many toxic dinoflagellates, Alexandrium ...
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General Pages

2017 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemExperimental Gulf of Maine Alexandrium fundyense Nowcast/Forecast Simulation Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from November 2016, with germination, growth, and ...
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2018 Archive

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemExperimental Gulf of Maine Alexandrium catenella Nowcast/Forecast Simulation Results here represent model solutions initiated from a cyst abundance map from February 2018, with germination, growth, and ...
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Bioeffects Program

Bioeffects ProgramSince 1991, The Bioeffects Program has undertaken a series of regional environmental assessments designed to describe the magnitude and extent of toxic contaminant impacts in our nation's estuarine and ...
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Bulletin Update

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemWe've updated the look of our Lake Erie HAB Bulletins The imagery for the Lake Erie Bulletin is changing to a new color scale. This scale ...
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CHRP

Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP)The Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP) is a competitive research program focused on advancing the understanding, detection, prediction, control, mitigation, and response to hypoxia events in ...
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Protected: COL Water Quality Monitoring Station

This content is password protected. To view it please enter your password below: Password: ...
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Cyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake O...

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemCyanobacteria Algal Bloom from Satellite in Lake Okeechobee, FL Images last updated: 07/11/2019 Click the next and previous arrows to view the most recent 6 usable ...
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Dead Zone

NCCOS-Supported Research Provides Foundation for Management of the 'Dead Zone' in the Northern Gulf of MexicoSince its inception in 1990, the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science has provided the ...
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ECOHAB

Ecology and Oceanography of HABs (ECOHAB)Toxic Karenia brevis stains the water off South Padre Island, Texas, a rusty red. We fundresearch to understand the biology of harmful algae species and ...
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Environmental Compliance

Environmental ComplianceAll federal agencies are required to review everything they do (e.g., construction/ facility modifications, operations, scientific research) for compliance with various environmental statutes (e.g. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Data Analysis Intern

The NCCOS Monitoring and Assessment Branch has over three decades of contaminant chemistry and ancillary data for bivalves and sediment collected throughout the United States and its protectorates. The collection, ...
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Phytoplankton composition and optics of the Northe...

Phytoplankton composition is a critical component of aquatic food web structure, societally important fisheries, and human health. These internships are part of a larger project to test and evaluate phytoplankton ...
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Marine Debris Monitoring and Assessment Project

Note: This opportunity is for graduate students only. The Marine Debris Monitoring and Assessment Project (MDMAP) is the NOAA Marine Debris Program’s flagship citizen science initiative, which engages volunteers in ...
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Internship Supporting Coastal Ecology in Southern ...

The Wells Reserve offers excellent opportunities for students to learn and grow professionally and academically through a number internships that involve hands-on field and laboratory coastal science studies. Interns will ...
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Re-immersion time for reduction of Vibrio para...

Vibrio spp. are naturally occurring, heterotrophic bacteria found world- wide in coastal waters. Some species, however, are pathogenic to humans leading to illness ranging from self- limiting gastroenteritis to mortality ...
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Shorebird Management Internship

Shorebird interns will monitor and manage breeding populations of federally threatened piping plovers, state threatened Wilson’s plovers, American oyster catchers, and colonial nesting waterbirds. In addition, interns will respond to ...
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Defining Protocols for Replanting Marsh Grass as a...

The Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R) and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) are proposing a joint investigation to refine protocols for planting native marsh grasses as ...
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Microplastics Characterization Using a Novel Metho...

Plastics are contaminants of emerging concern that are accumulating at increasing rates in the marine and freshwater ecosystems. Some scientists refer to plastics as the next predator of wildlife. Because ...
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Research Assistant

Interns will be involved with a number of research and monitoring activities including invasive species, fisheries, and vegetation monitoring, Research on crustacean biology and physiology, water quality, and Environmental DNA ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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