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Projects

Establishing the Sources of Toxic Cyanobacteria Bl...

Although phosphorus typically limits the growth of freshwater phytoplankton populations, little is known about how the common toxic alga Microcystis aeruginosa responds to variations in phosphorus concentrations and sources. Our ...
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Forecasting the Causes, Consequences, and Potentia...

In recent years, the central basin of Lake Erie has experienced low-oxygen conditions, despite measures taken by surrounding states and provinces to reduce nutrient inputs. We studied the factors that ...
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Forecasting the Spread and Bioeconomic Impacts of ...

We are developing predictions of the arrival and economic impact of non-native aquatic invasive species to better respond to current invasions and prevent future invasions. We are combining scientific, economic, ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Sites Land-use Characteri...

Land use is an important parameter in the assessment of coastal waters, as land-based activities and land-based pollution affect the quality of downstream environments. Land uses and land-use change around ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Supports the President’s ...

The President’s Great Lakes Restoration Initiative began in 2010 and provided the financial support for the Great Lakes Mussel Watch, one of several projects of contaminant monitoring with Great Lakes ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecasting

Our offshore HAB forecasts notify coastal managers before blooms reach the coast. Our forecasts identify harmful blooms, location, size and trajectory. Our early warnings provide health officials, managers and water ...
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LEOFS-Hypoxia: Operational Lake Erie Hypoxia Forec...

Deep waters of Lake Erie’s central basin have areas of low dissolved oxygen. Weather conditions can determine if this low oxygen (hypoxic) water will be taken up by treatment plants, ...
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Linking Models and Field Experiments to Forecast A...

We are investigating the links between environmental variables and harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins in Lake Erie to better understand the process of toxin development and to forecast HAB toxicity ...
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News

Relatively Mild Lake Erie HAB Season Comes to an E...

October marked the end of the summer harmful algal bloom (HAB) season on Lake Erie. The 2018 Microcystis bloom had a final severity index (SI) of 3.6, much milder than ...
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NOAA and CIGLR Scientists Partner with Public Util...

The water quality of Lake Erie can present challenges for municipalities who draw water from Lake Erie. An NCCOS-funded project team of researchers at the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research ...
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Are Benthic Cyanobacteria a Source of Toxic Blooms...

Lyngbya cyanobacteria growing on lake bottom. Credit: NCSU Water Management Program and Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation. In August, roughly 50 experts from a range of scientific disciplines gathered at the ...
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NCCOS Funds $6.8M for New and Continuing Harmful A...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is pleased to announce support for 28 new and continuing harmful algal bloom (HAB) research awards in 2018. These awards, totaling $6.8M, ...
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NOAA Predicts Smaller Harmful Algal Bloom for West...

NOAA and its research partners predict that western Lake Erie will experience a harmful algal bloom (HAB) of cyanobacteria this summer that is smaller than in 2017, but larger than the mild ...
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NCCOS Helps Ohio Respond to Unusual Harmful Algal ...

Sites samples along the Maumee River by BGSU, University of Toledo and Defiance College. Credit: NOAA Concerns regarding a large cyanobacteria harmful algal bloom (HAB) of Microcystis spp. and Planktothrix spp., ...
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Large Summer Harmful Algal Bloom Predicted for Lak...

A satellite view of the 2014 harmful algal bloom on Lake Erie, which the 2017 summer bloom is expected to be similar. Credit: NOAA NOAA and its research partners predict ...
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Where are Former NCCOS Cooperative Oxford Laborato...

Several students associated with the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory (COL) have graduated, are furthering their studies, or have published articles recently. Through their internships or time at COL, the students learned ...
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Helping Cleveland Provide the Highest Quality Drin...

The Lake Erie 'dead zone' presents challenges for municipalities who draw water from Lake Erie. An NCCOS-funded project team of researchers at the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratoryand the ...
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NCCOS, Partners Prepare Harmful Algal Bloom Sensor...

NCCOS scientists and their partners have completed technical preparations for the first deployment of an Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) in the Great Lakes. The ESP - already in use on ...
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Data & Publications

Aquatic invasive species transport via trailered boats: what is being moved, who is moving it, and what can be done?

Trailered boats have been implicated in the spread of aquatic invasive species. There has been, however, little empirical research on the type and quantity of aquatic invasive species being transported, nor on the efficacy of management interventions (e.g., inspection crews, ...
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Cruise Report: Spring 2006 Survey of Ecological Conditions of the U.S. Middle Atlantic Bight, NOAA Ship Nancy Foster NF-06-06-NCCOS

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from Nags Head, North Carolina to Cape Cod, Massachusetts and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) of shore seaward to the shelf ...
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Cruise report: Spring 2007 survey of ecological conditions along the continental shelf off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach, NOAA ship Nancy Foster Cruise NF-07-08-NCCOS (May 15 – May 28, 2007)

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) offshore seaward to the shelf break (100 m). The survey ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Eurasian watermilfoil fitness loss and invasion potential following desiccation during simulated overland transport

Vegetative reproduction promotes human-mediated dispersal of aquatic invasive plants as fragments “hitchhike” between water bodies on boats and trailers. However, desiccation of plant fragments may also reduce fitness, decreasing the likelihood of fragment survival as transport distances increase. Current inter-lake ...
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Limitations of gravity models in predicting the spread of Eurasian watermilfoil

The effects of non-native invasive species are costly and environmentally damaging, and resources to slow their spread and reduce their effects are scarce. Models that accurately predict where new invasions will occur could guide the efficient allocation of resources to ...
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Linking environmental conditions and ship movements to estimate invasive species transport across the global shipping network

Some nations, and the International Maritime Organization, are moving towards requirements for managing ballast water to reduce the number of alien species transported and released. These and other measures will be most efficient when targeted at ships posing the greatest ...
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Long-term monitoring of ecological conditions in Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary: Comparison of soft-bottom benthic assemblages and contaminant levels in sediments and biota in spring 2000 and 2005

As part of an ongoing program of benthic sampling and related assessments of sediment quality at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary (GRNMS) off the coast of Georgia, a survey of soft-bottom benthic habitats was conducted in spring 2005 to characterize ...
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Molecular Response of the Bloom-Forming Cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa, to Phosphorus Limitation

Cyanobacteria blooms caused by species such as Microcystis have become commonplace in many freshwater ecosystems. Although phosphorus (P) typically limits the growth of freshwater phytoplankton populations, little is known regarding the molecular response of Microcystis to variation in P concentrations ...
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Predicting spread of aquatic invasive species by lake currents

Knowledge of aquatic invasive species (AIS) dispersal is important to inform surveillance and management efforts to slow the spread of established invaders. We studied potential dispersal of invasive Eurasian ruffe Gymnocephalus cernua and golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei larvae in Lakes ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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