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Projects

Establishing the Sources of Toxic Cyanobacteria Bl...

Although phosphorus typically limits the growth of freshwater phytoplankton populations, little is known about how the common toxic alga Microcystis aeruginosa responds to variations in phosphorus concentrations and sources. Our ...
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Forecasting the Causes, Consequences, and Potentia...

In recent years, the central basin of Lake Erie has experienced low-oxygen conditions, despite measures taken by surrounding states and provinces to reduce nutrient inputs. We studied the factors that ...
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Forecasting the Spread and Bioeconomic Impacts of ...

We are developing predictions of the arrival and economic impact of non-native aquatic invasive species to better respond to current invasions and prevent future invasions. We are combining scientific, economic, ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Sites Land-use Characteri...

Land use is an important parameter in the assessment of coastal waters, as land-based activities and land-based pollution affect the quality of downstream environments. Land uses and land-use change around ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch Supports the President’s ...

The President’s Great Lakes Restoration Initiative began in 2010 and provided the financial support for the Great Lakes Mussel Watch, one of several projects of contaminant monitoring with Great Lakes ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecasting

Our offshore HAB forecasts notify coastal managers before blooms reach the coast. Our forecasts identify harmful blooms, location, size and trajectory. Our early warnings provide health officials, managers and water ...
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LEOFS-Hypoxia: Operational Lake Erie Hypoxia Forec...

Deep waters of Lake Erie’s central basin have areas of low dissolved oxygen. Weather conditions can determine if this low oxygen (hypoxic) water will be taken up by treatment plants, ...
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Linking Models and Field Experiments to Forecast A...

We are investigating the links between environmental variables and harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins in Lake Erie to better understand the process of toxin development and to forecast HAB toxicity ...
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News

NCCOS Sensor Measures Toxicity of Lake Erie Algal ...

Cyanobacteria in Lake Erie can sometimes grow out of control and produce toxins called microcystins that are harmful to people and animals. These harmful algal blooms, or HABs, can have ...
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Nanobubble Ozone Technology Shown to Eliminate Inv...

An independent quality control testing laboratory has validated NCOOS research findings on nanobubble ozone technology (NBOT), confirming it is highly effective in controlling algae, bacteria and motile zooplankton in ship ...
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New Research Raises Questions About How, Where Cya...

Cyanobacteria bloom in Maumee Bay, near Toldeo, Ohio, July 2015. Credit: Toldeo Aerial Media. New NCCOS-funded research shows that microbes in the water column may not play a primary role ...
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NOAA Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom Early Season Pr...

Western Lake Erie is expected to experience a lower than average harmful algal bloom (HAB) this summer, according to the 2020 Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom Early Season Projection issued ...
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Citizen Science and the Big Picture

To really understand the nature of ecosystems and quantify the impacts of disturbance to their function, we must collect as much data as possible. The clearer the picture the better ...
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Lake Erie HAB 2019 Retrospective: Bloom Severity w...

Image of the Microcystis cyanobacteria bloom in western Lake Erie on August 5, 2019, produced using data derived from Copernicus Sentinel-3 data provided by EUMETSAT. This date captures the the ...
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NCCOS “HABs Grab” Takes One-Day Snapshot of Lake E...

HABs Grab 2019 research team. Credit J. Chaffin, Ohio State University. Initiated and funded in part by NCCOS, scientists in the Western Basin of Lake Erie conducted the largest coordinated ...
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Large Harmful Algal Bloom Predicted for Lake Erie ...

Cyanobacteria bloom in Lake Erie on August 19, 2011, one of the worst bloom years for the lake on record. Credit: Thomas Archer. NOAA and its research partners are forecasting ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Aquatic invasive species transport via trailered boats: what is being moved, who is moving it, and what can be done?

Trailered boats have been implicated in the spread of aquatic invasive species. There has been, however, little empirical research on the type and quantity of aquatic invasive species being transported, nor on the efficacy of management interventions (e.g., inspection crews, ...
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Cruise report : assessment of ecological condition and stressor impacts within Great Lakes region areas of concern (AOCs) : Ashtabula River and Milwaukee estuary

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted within two Great Lakes Region Areas of Concern (AOCs), Ashtabula River and Milwaukee Estuary, August 18 – 25, 2012. Synoptic sampling of multiple ecological indicators was conducted in the ...
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Cruise Report: Spring 2006 Survey of Ecological Conditions of the U.S. Middle Atlantic Bight, NOAA Ship Nancy Foster NF-06-06-NCCOS

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from Nags Head, North Carolina to Cape Cod, Massachusetts and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) of shore seaward to the shelf ...
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Cruise report: Spring 2007 survey of ecological conditions along the continental shelf off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach, NOAA ship Nancy Foster Cruise NF-07-08-NCCOS (May 15 – May 28, 2007)

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) offshore seaward to the shelf break (100 m). The survey ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Eurasian watermilfoil fitness loss and invasion potential following desiccation during simulated overland transport

Vegetative reproduction promotes human-mediated dispersal of aquatic invasive plants as fragments “hitchhike” between water bodies on boats and trailers. However, desiccation of plant fragments may also reduce fitness, decreasing the likelihood of fragment survival as transport distances increase. Current inter-lake ...
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Great Lakes Mussel Watch: Assessment of Contaminants of Emerging Concern

The current report summarizes Great Lakes mussel tissue contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) data obtained between 2013-2015. The study design informs MWP management, stakeholders and general public about the frequency of occurrence, and the magnitude of CECs in mussels. We ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom Forecasting Branch Ocean Color Satellite Imagery Processing Guidelines

The Harmful Algal Bloom - Forecasting Branch (HAB-FB) is a research group within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) tasked with forecasting and monitoring HABs. One of the more effective ways to ...
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Limitations of gravity models in predicting the spread of Eurasian watermilfoil

The effects of non-native invasive species are costly and environmentally damaging, and resources to slow their spread and reduce their effects are scarce. Models that accurately predict where new invasions will occur could guide the efficient allocation of resources to ...
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Linking environmental conditions and ship movements to estimate invasive species transport across the global shipping network

Some nations, and the International Maritime Organization, are moving towards requirements for managing ballast water to reduce the number of alien species transported and released. These and other measures will be most efficient when targeted at ships posing the greatest ...
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General Pages

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring System

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemHarmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as "red tide", occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or "blooms", in the water. These ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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