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Projects

A Geospatial Assessment of U.S. Atlantic and Gulf ...

Offshore sand resources, e.g., sand shoals, are increasingly being used for beach renourishment, barrier island restoration, and other uses to enhance resiliency of shorelines. However, the impact of sand dredging ...
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Bioeffects Program Reports: Mid/North Atlantic Reg...

The Bioeffects program is a nationwide program of environmental assessment designed to describe the current status of environmental quality in our nation's estuarine and coastal areas. Field studies examine the ...
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Comparative Analysis of Quantitative Detection Met...

We are providing a thorough comparison of two different genetic methods used to quickly count the number of harmful algae present in a water sample. Our results will improve harmful ...
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EcoGIS: Tools for Ecosystem-based Fisheries Manage...

The EcoGIS project was launched to determine how geographic information systems (GIS) technology, marine data, and custom analysis tools could be leveraged to promote fishery management strategies based on the ...
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Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and D...

We are supporting a large-scale research project to predict how shoreline development interacts with other stresses to change coastal ecosystems and the species that live in them. Research findings apply ...
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Integrative Statistical Modeling and Predictive Ma...

Seabirds and other marine birds are wide-ranging and highly mobile, so mapping their at-sea distributions presents a significant challenge. The purpose of this project is to produce high-resolution predictive maps ...
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Land Use and Ecosystem Health: Decision-making Too...

We are studying how land-use decisions affect the health of an area’s ecosystem. We are building models that show the consequences of land-use choices on the Chesapeake Bay health and ...
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News

NCCOS Helps Bridge Divide Between Science and Mana...

A shoreline hardened with riprap (rubble). Credit: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Scientists want their research to be helpful to managers and policymakers. However, this wish does not always translate to ...
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Living Shoreline Research featured in “Estua...

The journal Estuaries and Coasts highlighted several papers from the NCCOS project “Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and Delmarva Bay Ecosystems” in a special virtual issue. Virtual Issues collect ...
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Research Links Land Use, Shoreline Hardening, and ...

Recent NCCOS research provides solid evidence that reduced aquatic species abundance in the Northeast is linked with increased agricultural land use and hardened shorelines. Results from the study are published ...
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NCCOS Shorelines Research Featured on NOAA Chesape...

Managers and policy makers concerned about shoreline hardening in the Mid-Atlantic region can now find pertinent research results summarized in an accessible document. NCCOS supported a multi-partner project conducted from ...
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A Primer to Living Shorelines Published

A synthesis of recent thinking and results from practitioners and researchers of Living Shorelines just hit the stands. " Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection," details ...
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Hardened Shorelines Decrease Small Fish and Invert...

New NCCOS-sponsored research shows that shoreline hardening has mostly negative effects on estuarine animals. This is evident both at a local scale directly next to a hardened shoreline and at ...
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Living Shorelines Provide Better Fish Habitats

Riprap-sill shoreline at NCCOS lab in North Carolina. Credit: NOAA. In many places, estuarine shorelines are protected from erosion by riprap—a jumble of rock and other hard materials piled along ...
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NCCOS Investigates Natural Control of HABs

NCCOS sponsored research at the University of Delaware is testing the capability of a naturally occurring bacteriaShewanellato chemically control or mitigate harmful algal blooms (HABs). Microscopy images of three color-stained ...
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NCCOS Delivers Hard Truths on Hardened Shorelines ...

NCCOS-sponsored researchers have found that hardened shorelines have negative effects on fish; invertebrates, such as oysters and crabs; and submerged aquatic vegetation. Shoreline hardening is anattempt to stabilize coastal land ...
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NOAA and Partners Evaluate Oyster Nutrient Removal...

Scientists from NCCOS and the Northeast Fisheries Science Center were selected by the Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Goal Implementation Team, along with university researchers, federal, state and local resource ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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Data & Publications

Biological, chemical, and physical data collected in Delaware Bay from 2 Sep 1997 to 8 Oct 1997 (NODC Accession 0118720)

This study was based on the sediment quality triad (SQT) approach. A stratified probabilistic sampling design was utilized to characterize the Delaware Bay system in terms of chemical contamination, sediment toxicity (Microtox, amphipod bioassay; sea urchin gamete bioassay; and P450 ...
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Comparison of sandwich hybridization assay and quantitative PCR for the quantification of live and preserved cultures of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae)

In this study, we directly compared two molecular techniques, sandwich hybridization assay (SHA) and quantitative PCR (qPCR), for quantifying laboratory cultures of the ichthyotoxic raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo. To maximize comparisons, all experiments entailed raising H. akashiwo in the laboratory, generating ...
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Ecosystem Metabolism

This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction; Basic Definitions and Concepts; Measuring Ecosystem Metabolism; Regulating Factors and Spatial/Temporal Patterns; Ecosystem Metabolism Case Studies; Cross?Ecosystem Comparisons; Metabolic Responses to Climate Change and Variability; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Citing Literature ...
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Effects of growth phase, diel cycle and macronutrient stress on the quantification of Heterosigma akashiwo using qPCR and SHA

The development of molecular probe technologies over the last several decades has enabled more rapid and specific identification and enumeration of phytoplankton species compared to traditional technologies, such as light microscopy. Direct comparisons of these methods with respect to physiological ...
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Effects of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River discharge on planktonic community respiration in the East China Sea

Planktonic communities tend to flourish on the western margins of the East China Sea (ECS) fueled by substrates delivered largely from the Changjiang River, the fifth largest river in the world. To study the effects of the Changjiang River discharge ...
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Effects of Winds on stratification and circulation in a partially mixed estuary

Numerical experiments are conducted to investigate how axial winds affect stratification and circulation in the partially mixed estuary of Chesapeake Bay. In the absence of rotational effects, stratification in the estuary decreases following both down?estuary and up?estuary winds, but stratification ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Erratum to: Synthesis in estuarine and coastal ecological research

A caveat in the concluding section of our paper states that it would be impossible to provide a comprehensive sample of synthesis case studies that reflects all the major research areas in estuarine and coastal science. In retrospect, however, we ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)

This is the Mid-Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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