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Projects

Dynamic Sea Level Rise Assessments of the Ability ...

We are applying coupled hydrodynamic and marsh models to evaluate the potential for natural and nature-based features to mitigate flood risk under multiple scenarios, and to quantify the economic and ...
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Evaluating the Efficacy of Island Restoration and ...

We are assessing how the effort to restore the footprint of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay with dunes and dredged sediments is affecting ecosystems that surround the island and the ...
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Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and D...

We are supporting a large-scale research project to predict how shoreline development interacts with other stresses to change coastal ecosystems and the species that live in them. Research findings apply ...
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Marshes on the Margins: Developing Tidal Wetlands ...

We will investigate how the dynamic and heavily altered (e.g., through jetty construction or dredging) estuaries of Southern California will be affected by sea level rise. We will also identify ...
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Predicting Impacts of Sea Level Rise in the Northe...

We are assessing the impacts of sea level rise and coastal storms on marshes and oyster habitats in the northern Gulf of Mexico through the development of predictive models that ...
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Refining Ecosystem Model Inputs for Sea Level Rise...

We are enhancing a locally relevant marsh model with new field data on the impacts of sea level rise to allow coastal managers to evaluate the vulnerability and inform restoration ...
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Shifts in Seagrass Species Composition: A Sentinel...

We are using aerial and satellite imagery, field surveys, and tank experiments to answer questions regarding climate change impacts to the coastal seagrass beds of North Carolina, particularly seagrass susceptibility ...
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Shoreline Habitat Types and Erosion Rates on Marin...

We determined rates of shoreline change in the New River Estuary and Intracoastal Waterway adjacent to Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune over the past 50 years. We investigated the relationship ...
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The Coastal Recovery from Storms Tool (CReST): Mod...

We are developing a community modeling tool, based on field data, to inform impact and vulnerability assessments of dune and beach recovery following storms under a suite of sea level ...
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Understanding and Predicting Changes in Coastal Ma...

We are developing marsh conservation and restoration guidance for the central coastal region of North Carolina from eight years of yet unpublished, continuous water-level data combined with field measurements of ...
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News

NOAA Funds Post–Hurricane Dorian Data Collection t...

Figure 1. A) Track of Hurricane Dorian, which made landfall just north of Cape Lookout National Seashore on September 6, 2019. B) USGS projections of the probability of overwash due ...
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NCCOS Awards $1.5 Million to Support Coastal Commu...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is awarding over $1.5M for research into the ability of natural coastal habitats and partially engineered or restored habitats to reduce the ...
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Grasses Shape and Protect Coastal Dunes in Differe...

A study supported by NCCOS has found that the dominant type of beach grass influences the shape of coastal sand dunes, which in turn influences how well those dunes protect ...
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New Tool Informs Dune Recovery After Storms

Cross-shore schematic of the coupled Windsurf modeling framework showing the general processes resolved by the three model cores: XBeach (a subtidal morphodynamics model), CDM (Coastal Dune Model), and Aeolis (aeolian ...
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What Matters in a Marsh?

Study area and location of the Grand Bay estuary (b) and Weeks Bay estuary (c) in the NGOM as well as two synthetic storm tracks (a) used to consider storm ...
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NCCOS Announces FY19 Federal Funding Opportunities

The NCCOS Competitive Research Program is pleased to announce its Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Funding Opportunities (FFOs) in two areas of research: harmful algal blooms, and the ecological effects of ...
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Moving past water level: Study Reveals Sea Level R...

To better understand how future sea levels may impact barrier islands during hurricanes, a team of NOAA supported scientists from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and ...
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Sea Level Rise Model Provides Real-Time Guidance o...

Predicted Tropical Storm Gordon maximum wave heights above North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) for the LA-MS-AL coastlines issued 4 September 2018. Credit: Louisiana State University Center for ...
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NCCOS, USACE Help Marines Keep Pace with Sea Level...

Salt marshes are an important part of coastal ecosystems. They provide habitat for wildlife, clean the water by filtering toxins and nutrients out, and help protect coastal infrastructure by absorbing ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

The NCCOS Geoportal is an online data explorer providing discovery and access to the full catalogue of NCCOS-funded scientific data, including archived data accessions, metadata records, and web services. To discover data, enter a word or phrase in the text box and click on “Search” to conduct a free text search; refine your search using additional options for content type, date, region, and spatial extent. Click on “Browse” to explore the catalogue using topical keywords. Launch the “Map Viewer” to visualise geospatial data (GIS layers) served via mapping web services.
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Data & Publications

An Earth’s Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...
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Biotic resistance, disturbance, and mode of colonization impact the invasion of a widespread, introduced wetland grass

Disturbance and biotic resistance are important factors driving plant invasions, but how these factors interact for plants with different modes of colonization (i.e., sexual and asexual) is unclear. We evaluated factors influencing the invasion of nonnative Phragmites australis, which has ...
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Coastal wetland response to sea-level rise in a fluvial estuarine system

Coastal wetlands are likely to lose productivity under increasing rates of sea-level rise (SLR). This study assessed a fluvial estuarine salt marsh system using the Hydro-MEM model under four SLR scenarios. The Hydro-MEM model was developed to apply the dynamics ...
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Contributions of organic and inorganic matter to sediment volume and accretion in tidal wetlands at steady state

A mixing model derived from first principles describes the bulk density (BD) of intertidal wetland sediments as a function of loss on ignition (LOI). The model assumes that the bulk volume of sediment equates to the sum of self-packing volumes ...
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Coupling centennial-scale shoreline change to sea-level rise and coastal morphology in the Gulf of Mexico using a Bayesian network

Predictions of coastal evolution driven by episodic and persistent processes associated with storms and relative sea-level rise (SLR) are required to test our understanding, evaluate our predictive capability, and to provide guidance for coastal management decisions. Previous work demonstrated that ...
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Developing and managing transdisciplinary and transformative research on the coastal dynamics of sea level rise: Experiences and lessons learned

There is increasing emphasis from funding agencies on transdisciplinary approaches to integrate science and end-users. However, transdisciplinary research can be laborious and costly and knowledge of effective collaborative processes in these endeavors is incomplete. More guidance grounded in actual project ...
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Diel differences in abundance and diversity of fish species and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the sandy beach shore zone of lower Delaware Bay

Diel sampling was conducted during June–September 2013, in the shore zone and adjacent nearshore zone of Delaware Bay, Delaware, to identify day and night changes in nekton density, species richness, and the species assemblage. Mean species richness and total nekton ...
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Direct and indirect impacts of shoreline development on shallow-water benthic communities in a depauperate estuarine system

Modification of natural coastlines is prevalent as human coastal populations swell and effects of global climate change become clearer. We investigated effects of shoreline hardening and environmental factors on benthic infauna and trophic structure in the Patuxent River, Maryland, a ...
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Dynamic responses and implications to coastal wetlands and the surrounding regions under sea level rise

Two distinct microtidal estuarine systems were assessed to advance the understanding of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise in salt marshes. A coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model (Hydro-MEM) was applied to both a marine-dominated (Grand Bay, Mississippi) and a mixed fluvial/marine ...
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Dynamic simulation and numerical analysis of hurricane storm surge under sea level rise with geomorphologic changes along the northern Gulf of Mexico

This work outlines a dynamic modeling framework to examine the effects of global climate change, and sea level rise (SLR) in particular, on tropical cyclone-driven storm surge inundation. The methodology, applied across the northern Gulf of Mexico, adapts a present ...
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General Pages

Coastal Change

Coastal ChangeVulnerability, Mitigation, and RestorationVulnerability and Risk AssessmentCoastal decision makers need to understand the risks and vulnerabilities facing their communities and ecosystems in order to help them become resilient. Coastal ...
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EESLR Event Response Program

Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise (EESLR) Event Response ProgramThe pursuit of more resilient coastal communities and ecosystems has led to international efforts to better quantify environmental resilience and realize ...
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The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise Program

The Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise ProgramScience to Guide Coastal Ecosystem, Community, and Infrastructure ProtectionRising sea level has worldwide consequences because of its potential to alter ecosystems and the ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Water Level Decision Support Geospatial Analysis

CO-OPS has developed a geospatial inventory tool to evaluate its National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON). The tool was developed to assist planners in modernizing the NWLON network. The tool ...
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Understanding Sea Level Rise Impacts to Wetlands a...

The South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve (Reserve) established Sentinel Sites in the reserve to understand the local effects of sea level rise on tidal wetland plant communities, including emergent ...
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Climate and Anthropogenic Impacts on Critical Rese...

The Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve in Virginia (CBNERRVA; www.vims.edu/cbnerr) is engaged in understanding the vulnerability of critical emergent wetland habitats and submerged aquatic vegetation within the York River ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
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