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Projects

A Cost-benefit Analysis of Green-gray Infrastructu...

Locations of the two estuaries, Grays River and Coos Bay, that are the focus of this project. Credit: Oregon State University. We are evaluating the tradeoffs between gray and green ...

Advancing Natural Solutions to Sea Level Rise Impa...

We are advancing technical guidance to provide resource managers critical information to better prioritize and weigh trade offs among different coastal management strategies along 300 miles of the north-central California ...

Assessing Blue Carbon Storage at Sites Restored th...

To mitigate the impacts of climate change, there is a global initiative to quantify and award carbon credits for restoration and conservation of blue carbon habitats. These habitats are known ...

Assessing Nature Based Solutions to Mitigate Flood...

This research project will connect the National Water Model with coastal models to predict the performance of nature based solutions for reducing the flooding impacts of sea level rise and ...

Coastal Resilience Through Actionable Science: Eva...

We are using a coupled groundwater–surface water modeling system to evaluate the site-specific performance of proposed shoreline adaptation actions with sea level rise and storms. This will inform the design ...

Defining Nationally Consistent Coastal Flood Sever...

We are using machine learning to determine more accurate flood severity thresholds along U.S. coastlines, particularly in places where tide gauge data is sparse, which will inform coastal flooding adaptation ...

Development of Adjusted Digital Elevation Models t...

We are developing historical digital elevation models (DEMs) that will help improve predictions of marsh extent under future sea level rise. Land managers can use this information to determine where ...

Dynamic Sea Level Rise Assessments of the Ability ...

We are applying coupled hydrodynamic and marsh models to evaluate the potential for natural and nature-based features to mitigate flood risk under multiple scenarios, and to quantify the economic and ...

Ecological Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Flood Prot...

We will evaluate how restored and natural coastal wetlands buffer flooding impacts in Coos Bay (Oregon) and Grays Bay (Washington). Why We Care Increasing flood and salinity levels from sea-level ...

Evaluating Risk of Tidal Marsh Inundation and Mone...

We are identifying the coastal wetlands in Georgia, South Carolina, and Delaware Bay that are most vulnerable to sea-level rise and quantifying the value of benefits they provide. We are ...

News

New Research Describes Performance of Nature Based...

One of the more significant impediments to the widespread adoption of Nature Based Solutions (NBS) for coastal protection is a lack of empirical evidence about how NBS perform. NBS involves ...

Sediment Management Guide Supports Coastal Resilie...

Doran Beach, California, helps protect wetlands and a key harbor from storm surge and rising sea levels, but the dunes are gradually eroding and need to adapt to future changes ...

Flood Control Work Begins at USS North Carolina Ba...

Earlier this month, the USS North Carolina Battleship Memorial hosted a groundbreaking ceremony for the Living with Water® project, which will address nuisance flooding at the memorial and preserve visitor ...

NCCOS Awards $6.7 Million for Research to Enhance ...

High tide flooding on Smith Island, Maryland in August, 2022. Credit: Leanne Poussard (NOAA NCCOS) NCCOS is announcing $6.7 million in FY23 funding for 18 projects that will help facilitate ...

NCCOS-funded Study Helps Guide Estuary Restoration...

An interdisciplinary science team leveraged support from NOAA, USGS, and the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council (RESTORE) to complete an evaluation for how restoring headland structures would impact the Grand ...

Research Reveals the Potential of Nature-Based Sol...

As we confront the escalating threats of climate change, there is growing interest in the potential of restored nature to offer a sustainable and effective response to the challenges posed ...

Researchers Collect Field Data to Understand the L...

The six Chesapeake Bay sites researchers will visit to collect data on the long term performance of dredge applications. Fish Battery and Barren Island were visited on this trip. NCCOS ...

Researchers Document Recent Elevation Trends in No...

Quin Walker (NCCOS) reading a SET at Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina. Coastal managers need information about which wetlands are most vulnerable to sea level rise in order ...

Coral Restoration for Coastal Resilience: A Decisi...

Description of the key ecological, and hydrodynamic processes and criteria for coral restoration for coastal protection at multiple spatial scales (Viehman et al., 2023 Figure 3). Coastal hazards and the ...

New Research on Dunes Supports Better Protection f...

Dunes at Bogue Banks, North Carolina, with fencing that helps build dunes by trapping sand. Credit: NOAA. North Carolina’s Outer Banks have some of the highest rates of coastal erosion ...

Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

An Earth's Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...

Biotic resistance, disturbance, and mode of colonization impact the invasion of a widespread, introduced wetland grass

Disturbance and biotic resistance are important factors driving plant invasions, but how these factors interact for plants with different modes of colonization (i.e., sexual and asexual) is unclear. We evaluated factors influencing the invasion of nonnative Phragmites australis, which has ...

Coastal wetland response to sea-level rise in a fluvial estuarine system

Coastal wetlands are likely to lose productivity under increasing rates of sea-level rise (SLR). This study assessed a fluvial estuarine salt marsh system using the Hydro-MEM model under four SLR scenarios. The Hydro-MEM model was developed to apply the dynamics ...

Contributions of organic and inorganic matter to sediment volume and accretion in tidal wetlands at steady state

A mixing model derived from first principles describes the bulk density (BD) of intertidal wetland sediments as a function of loss on ignition (LOI). The model assumes that the bulk volume of sediment equates to the sum of self-packing volumes ...

Coupling centennial-scale shoreline change to sea-level rise and coastal morphology in the Gulf of Mexico using a Bayesian network

Predictions of coastal evolution driven by episodic and persistent processes associated with storms and relative sea-level rise (SLR) are required to test our understanding, evaluate our predictive capability, and to provide guidance for coastal management decisions. Previous work demonstrated that ...

Developing and managing transdisciplinary and transformative research on the coastal dynamics of sea level rise: Experiences and lessons learned

There is increasing emphasis from funding agencies on transdisciplinary approaches to integrate science and end-users. However, transdisciplinary research can be laborious and costly and knowledge of effective collaborative processes in these endeavors is incomplete. More guidance grounded in actual project ...

Diel differences in abundance and diversity of fish species and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the sandy beach shore zone of lower Delaware Bay

Diel sampling was conducted during June–September 2013, in the shore zone and adjacent nearshore zone of Delaware Bay, Delaware, to identify day and night changes in nekton density, species richness, and the species assemblage. Mean species richness and total nekton ...

Direct and indirect impacts of shoreline development on shallow-water benthic communities in a depauperate estuarine system

Modification of natural coastlines is prevalent as human coastal populations swell and effects of global climate change become clearer. We investigated effects of shoreline hardening and environmental factors on benthic infauna and trophic structure in the Patuxent River, Maryland, a ...

Dynamic responses and implications to coastal wetlands and the surrounding regions under sea level rise

Two distinct microtidal estuarine systems were assessed to advance the understanding of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise in salt marshes. A coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model (Hydro-MEM) was applied to both a marine-dominated (Grand Bay, Mississippi) and a mixed fluvial/marine ...

Dynamic simulation and numerical analysis of hurricane storm surge under sea level rise with geomorphologic changes along the northern Gulf of Mexico

This work outlines a dynamic modeling framework to examine the effects of global climate change, and sea level rise (SLR) in particular, on tropical cyclone-driven storm surge inundation. The methodology, applied across the northern Gulf of Mexico, adapts a present ...

General Pages

Climate Change

Changes in climate and an increase in extreme events can alter coastal ecosystems and the services those ecosystems provide to support our coastal communities and economy. NCCOS’s research efforts seek ...

ESLR Event Response Program

The pursuit of more resilient coastal communities and ecosystems has led to international efforts to better quantify environmental resilience and realize flood protection solutions with diverse benefits. The resilience of ...

Sea Level Rise and Inundation

We deliver improved assessments of natural resources and community vulnerability to inundation under current and future sea level rise scenarios. This is accomplished by a variety of teams of scientists ...

The Effects of Sea Level Rise Program (ESLR)

FY24 Federal Funding Opportunity Key Dates October 6, 2023 at 3:00 - 4:00 p.m. ET - Webinar. October 24, 2023 at 3:30 - 5:30 p.m. ET - Office Hours. November ...

NOAA Internship Opportunities

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