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Projects

Untangling How Canopy Kelp Contributes to Coastal ...

Kelp forests can support local communities in a variety of ways, including wave attenuation, food production, and erosion reduction. Yet, these submerged plants are not widely regarded as providing coastal ...

Vulnerability of Deep-Sea Coral Ecosystems to Ocea...

The high acidity and high dissolved inorganic carbon of the California Current ecosystem make it a natural laboratory to study the effects of ocean acidification and ocean warming on deep-sea ...

Weather and Water: Using weather data to create mo...

Understanding and predicting climate-related issues along coastlines is important for management and coastal resiliency. We provide scientific information and tools on connections between climate, weather and coastal impacts from hazards ...

News

Incorporating Natural Processes into Stormwater In...

Aerial photo of La Paz, Mexico in October, 1976 after precipitation and runoff from Hurricane Liza caused the Arroyo El Cajoncito to tear through a protective levee, sending fast moving ...

Online Tool Visualizes Impacts of Sea Level Rise o...

An anchialine pool on the west coast of the island of Hawaii. Credit TNC. The west coast of the island of Hawaii has several anchialine pools—inland fish ponds with underground ...

Survey Team Evaluates Resilience of North Carolina...

The research team conducted field work at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, in December 2019. Credit: Mariko Polk, University of North Carolina Wilmington. NCCOS approved an Event Response award of $15,778 ...

Researchers Study Ecological Role of North Carolin...

Shipwrecks and rocky reefs off the coast of North Carolina are home to commercially and recreationally important fish. Scientists with NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science are researching how ...

NOAA Funds Post–Hurricane Dorian Data Collection t...

Figure 1. A) Track of Hurricane Dorian, which made landfall just north of Cape Lookout National Seashore on September 6, 2019. B) USGS projections of the probability of overwash due ...

Swan Island Restoration Begins in Chesapeake Bay (...

Coastal islands and marshes in Chesapeake Bay are disappearing, along with the ecosystem services and shoreline protection benefits they provide. Within the last half century, the cumulative effects of shoreline ...

Artificial Reefs May Help Tropical Fish Expand Geo...

Globally, there is evidence that many tropical fish species are shifting their geographic ranges poleward and to deeper waters in response to changing ocean conditions. Off North Carolina, researchers have ...

NCCOS Scientist Helps Maryland Oyster Grower Decid...

Scott Budden, owner of Orchard Point Oyster Company, checks mortality of oysters at his Chester River, Maryland, oyster lease site. Credit: S. Bricker, NOAA NCCOS. Earlier this month, Dr. Suzanne ...

Products

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Data & Publications

Large Natural pH, CO2 and O2 Fluctuations in a Temperate Tidal Salt Marsh on Diel, Seasonal, and Interannual Time Scales

Coastal marine organisms experience dynamic pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions in their natural habitats, which may impact their susceptibility to long-term anthropogenic changes. Robust characterizations of all temporal scales of natural pH and DO fluctuations in different marine habitats ...

Linking the Abundance of Estuarine Fish and Crustaceans in Nearshore Waters to Shoreline Hardening and Land Cover

Human alteration of land cover (e.g., urban and agricultural land use) and shoreline hardening (e.g., bulkheading and rip rap revetment) are intensifying due to increasing human populations and sea level rise. Fishes and crustaceans that are ecologically and economically valuable ...

Local and regional disturbances associated with the invasion of Chesapeake Bay marshes by the common reed Phragmites australis

Invasions are dynamic as both the invading organism and the invaded ecosystem change. Intrinsic changes to the invader (invasion process) can involve population level genetic and reproductive changes. Extrinsic changes (invasion effect) occur to the environment that is invaded (e.g., ...

Long-term decline in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in central Chesapeake Bay, USA: An indirect effect of eutrophication

A long-term abundance record of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in the Maryland portion of Chesapeake Bay was compiled from 1966 to 2002. A significant downward trend in the summertime abundance of Acartia tonsa was found in central Chesapeake Bay ...

Long-term trends in Chesapeake Bay seasonal hypoxia, stratification, and nutrient loading

A previously observed shift in the relationship between Chesapeake Bay hypoxia and nitrogen loading has pressing implications on the efficacy of nutrient management. Detailed temporal analyses of long-term hypoxia, nitrogen loads, and stratification were conducted to reveal different within-summer trends ...

Long-term, high frequency in situ measurements of intertidal mussel bed temperatures using biomimetic sensors

At a proximal level, the physiological impacts of global climate change on ectothermic organisms are manifest as changes in body temperatures. Especially for plants and animals exposed to direct solar radiation, body temperatures can be substantially different from air temperatures ...

Marsh macrophyte responses to inundation anticipate impacts of sea-level rise and indicate ongoing drowning of North Carolina marshes

In situ persistence of coastal marsh habitat as sea level rises depends on whether macrophytes induce compensatory accretion of the marsh surface. Experimental planters in two North Carolina marshes served to expose two dominant macrophyte species to six different elevations ...

Metabolic balance between ecosystem production and consumption

This chapter reviews research on ecosystem metabolism in coastal environments, focusing on the history of methods development, spatial/temporal variations in rates, controlling factors, and application of these methods to address diverse scientific questions. Essential concepts and widely used terms are ...

Microsatellite analysis to estimate realized dispersal distance in Phragmites australis

An understanding of the mean and maximum dispersal distances of target species and subsequent scaling of management efforts to dispersal distance can be key in slowing, containing, or eradicating invasive species. However, dispersal distance is often difficult to measure. Patterns ...

Modeling the influence of hypoxia on the potential habitat of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus): a comparison of two methods

Management of marine and estuarine fish and shellfish would benefit from a numerical approach that quantifies the impacts of climate variability and eutrophication. We present a proof-of-concept habitat volume model that incorporates predictions from a 3-dimensional biophysical model. Using temperature, ...

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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