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Projects

A Geospatial Assessment of U.S. Atlantic and Gulf ...

Offshore sand resources, e.g., sand shoals, are increasingly being used for beach renourishment, barrier island restoration, and other uses to enhance resiliency of shorelines. However, the impact of sand dredging ...
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A Mechanism Based Intervention for Brevetoxin Indu...

The Florida manatee inhabits environments in which blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, frequently occur. K. brevis produces brevetoxins, that result in fish kills, contamination of shellfish, and respiratory ...
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An Integrated Assessment of Oil and Gas Release in...

In 2004, the Taylor Energy Mississippi Canyon 20 (MC20) oil and gas drilling platform was toppled during Hurricane Ivan. Since the collapse of the drilling platform, the MC20 site has ...
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AquaSpace – An Ecosystem Approach to Making Space ...

Aquaculture is a large and growing segment of seafood production because capture fisheries production continues to decline. A major challenge to the expansion of marine aquaculture in most nations is ...
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Assessing Biogeography, Conditions, and Marine Pro...

In 2001, state and federal agencies established the Tortugas Ecological Reserve to protect extensive unspoiled shallow-water coral reefs that support a wide variety of marine life off the Florida Keys ...
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Assessment of Hurricane Impacts to Coral Reefs in ...

In 2017, major hurricanes impacted coral reefs in both Florida and Puerto Rico. We quantified these impacts using diver-based surveys, and our information was used to guide targeted emergency stabilization ...
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Assessment of the Short- and Long-term Socioeconom...

This project will comprehensively quantify and qualify the short- and long-term socioeconomic impacts of the 2017-2019 Karenia brevis event in Florida. It will also develop a transferable framework to inform ...
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Benthic Habitat Mapping of Florida Coral Reef Ecos...

NOAA mapped the shallow-water (less than 25 meters deep) coral reef ecosystems of the Florida Keys to support research, conservation, and management activities of state and federal agencies, including the ...
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Causes and Consequences of Cell Death in the Toxic...

Numerous studies have increased understanding of processes that lead to algal bloom initiation, growth, and transport but little is known about the causes of bloom decline and termination. Preliminary results ...
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News

NCCOS Expands Monitoring of More Lakes, Coastal Ba...

With harmful algal blooms (HABs) occurring in the nation’s lakes, bays and sounds, NCCOS is expanding HAB monitoring and forecasting to these smaller water bodies which can be resolved by ...
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Research Fills Gap in Understanding Greenhouse Gas...

New research by NCCOS scientists provides data to help fill a gap in our understanding of the fate of coastal wetland sediment carbon following disturbance events. Stored organic carbon in ...
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Bacterial Removal of Nitrogen, Methane from Gulf D...

NCCOS-supported researchers have determined the natural removal rates of nitrogen and the potent greenhouse gas methane from Louisiana's coastal waters. The study investigated patterns of pelagic denitrification (bacterial conversion of ...
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New StoryMap Provides Innovative Way to Transfer T...

NCCOS researchers created a StoryMap that shows oil and chemical spill responders how to build and use a new, spill assessment tool designed by NCCOS. Project team member removes shrimp ...
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Researchers Evaluate Long-term Effect of Adding Sa...

NCCOS-sponsored research assessed the effectiveness of beach and dune nourishment on the morphological resilience of Dauphin Island, Alabama, for a 30-year period of beach management. Overall, the researchers found that ...
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NOAA Forecasts Average ‘Dead Zone’ for Gulf of Mex...

NCCOS scientists are forecasting this summer’s Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone or “dead zone”—an area of low to no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life— to be ...
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Communicating and Understanding Ecosystem Services...

NCCOS-funded researchers from six institutions report on insights and lessons learned from stakeholder engagement. The engagement was conducted during a multi-year transdisciplinary project focused on quantifying and communicating the benefits ...
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Ecosystem Approach to Everglades Water Flow Needed...

A new study partially funded by the NCCOS Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) Program describes the various stressors that have impacted South Florida ecosystems over the last ...
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NCCOS Assists Response to Quantify Toxin Accumulat...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) provided a harmful algal bloom (HAB) Event Response award of $15,482 to the University of Florida, Florida’s Clinic for the Rehabilitation of ...
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New Story Map Highlights NCCOS Sustainable Oyster ...

Oyster farmer Al Smeilus provides information on oyster planting to researcher Dr. Beth Darrow and students Jessica Kinsella and Jessica Carlton on his farm in Masonboro Island NERR North Carolina ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

NOAA mapped the shallow-water (less than 25 meters deep) coral reef ecosystems of the Florida Keys to support research, conservation, and management activities of state and federal agencies, including the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program.
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Harmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as “red tide”, occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or “blooms”, in the water. These blooms can emit powerful toxins which endanger human and animal health. NCCOS conducts and funds research that helps communities protect the public and combat blooms in cost-effective ways, and we are breaking new ground in the science of stopping blooms before they occur.
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Access deep sea coral and sponge data: Digital Map allows for search, discovery, and download of the National Deep-Sea Corals and Sponges Database. All points are categorized and colored by common vernacular categories. Users can search by taxon, region, time, and depth. Data downloads can be initiated using the search parameters on the map and the on-screen geographic extent.

Contributing PartnersNOAA’s Deep Sea Coral Research and Technology Program (DSCRTP) and its partners.

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NCCOS runs the Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) to link volunteers who monitor for marine phytoplankton and HABs in cooperation with professional scientists. We build a more informed public while expanding the reach and resolution of HAB monitoring. Over 200 PMN volunteers sample 140+ sites in 17 states and the US Virgin Islands.
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The Sampling Design Tool for ArcGIS randomly selects people, animals, objects, or places in a GIS environment to infer status or change. The tool was developed to create and implement a sampling design based on randomized sampling and test different sampling designs to see which is most precise and least costly.
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Data & Publications

2018: a shift in focus in deep-sea explorations

In 2017, the Campaign to Address Pacific Monument Science, Technology and Ocean Needs (CAPSTONE), completed its successful three-year effort to explore deep-sea habitats across the central and western Pacific Ocean. In 2018, NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer will shift its geographic ...
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A coupled physical-biological model of the Northern Gulf of Mexico shelf: model description, validation and analysis of phytoplankton variability

The Texas-Louisiana shelf in the Northern Gulf of Mexico receives large inputs of nutrients and freshwater from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River system. The nutrients stimulate high rates of primary production in the river plume, which contributes to the development of a ...
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A guide to monitoring reef fish in the National Park Service’s South Florida/Caribbean Network

The goal of this guide is to provide the framework for park managers and researchers to create or enhance a reef fish monitoring program within areas monitored by the SFCN. The framework is expected to be applicable to other areas ...
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A high-resolution pre-operational forecast model of circulation on the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope

A new pre-operational model of circulation over the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf and slope, based on the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS) is presented. The model is designed with a number of practical applications in mind: to predict oil spill trajectories, ...
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A Manual of Previously Recorded Non-indigenous Invasive and Native Transplanted Animal Species of the Laurentian Great Lakes and Coastal United States

This manual presents geographic information by state of occurrence, and descriptions of the socio-economic impact created by the invasion of nonindigenous and native transplanted animal species in the Laurentian Great Lakes and the coastal waters of the United States. It ...
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A modeling study of physical controls on hypoxia generation in the northern Gulf of Mexico

The Louisiana shelf (LA shelf) in the northern Gulf of Mexico experiences hypoxic conditions every summer due to the combination of eutrophication and strong water column stratification. Here we use a three-dimensional circulation model coupled with a simple oxygen model ...
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A Scenario and Forecast Model for Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Area and Volume

For almost three decades, the relative size of the hypoxic region on the Louisiana-Texas continental shelf has drawn scientific and policy attention. During that time, both simple and complex models have been used to explore hypoxia dynamics and to provide ...
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A topological approach for quantitative comparisons of ocean model fields to satellite ocean color data

In an effort to more fully employ underutilized satellite observations in ocean modeling, this work demonstrates a method for quantifying the agreement between time-evolving spatial features evident in fields of differing, but functionally related, variables that are more commonly compared ...
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An Assessment of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in Sediments and Bivalves of the U.S. Coastal Zone

This report, which represents the first national assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the U.S. coastal zone, shows that they are widely distributed. PBDE concentrations in both sediment and bivalve tissue correlate with human population density along the U.S ...
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An Earth’s Future Special Collection: Impacts of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise on low-gradient coastal landscapes

Rising sea level represents a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems, including altered habitats and increased vulnerability to coastal storms and recurrent inundation. This threat is exemplified in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where low topography, marshes, and a ...
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General Pages

CHRP

Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP)The Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP) is a competitive research program focused on advancing the understanding, detection, prediction, control, mitigation, and response to hypoxia events in ...
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Dead Zone

NCCOS-Supported Research Provides Foundation for Management of the 'Dead Zone' in the Northern Gulf of MexicoSince its inception in 1990, the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science has provided the ...
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FAQs

Gulf of Mexico Harmful Algal Bloom FAQsNOAA's Harmful Bloom Operational Forecast System (Gulf of Mexico HAB Forecast)What is the NOAA Gulf of Mexico HAB Forecast?NOAA's Gulf of Mexico HAB Forecast ...
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Florida Intensification Forecast

Harmful Algal Bloom ForecastsSouthwest Florida Intensification ForecastThis model uses a nowcast/forecast system to predict potential harmful algal blooms initiation along the coast of Southwest Florida. No additional bloom initiation is ...
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Florida Satellite Imagery

Harmful Algal Bloom ForecastsSouthwest Florida Satellite ImageryComposite 8-days of satellite imagery up to 07-26-2021 showing location of algae bloom which may include algae besides K. brevis. Overlaid cell count data ...
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Gulf of Mexico

Important Disclaimer  The following products are experimental and not an official forecast product. They were created as a demonstration based upon user feedback to provide better resolution on Karenia brevis, ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring System

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring SystemHarmful algal blooms (HABs), sometimes known as "red tide", occur when certain kinds of algae grow very quickly, forming patches, or "blooms", in the water. These ...
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Hypoxia Program

Hypoxia Research ProgramsWe investigate the relationship between nutrient pollution and downstream impacts to aquatic ecosystems. The figure below depicts the influence of nutrient pollution that drains into the Mississippi River ...
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NGOMEX

Northern Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems & Hypoxia Assessment (NGOMEX) BackgroundThe northern portion of the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem, a region containing almost half of the nation's coastal wetlands and supporting ...
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Tampa Bay

Harmful Algal Bloom Monitoring System: Southwest FloridaAlgal Blooms from Satellite for Tampa BayThis page shows algal blooms in Tampa Bay. Blooms of some different types of algae may be present ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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