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Projects

Causes and Consequences of Hypoxic Events in Low-i...

We are investigating the processes that lead to hypoxia in Southern California’s lagoons, and identifying its ecological impacts. These small estuaries, which have tidal inlets that can close to the ...
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Ecology, Integrity and Status of Caribbean Mesopho...

We investigated Puerto Rico’s mesophotic coral ecosystems to better understand them and their relationship to shallower reefs. They are off the southwestern coast at depths of 50–100 m (164–328 ft) ...
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Investigating Mesophotic Coral Reefs in Hawaii

We investigated Hawaii’s mesophotic coral ecosystems to better understand them and their relationship to shallower reefs. We found reefs off Maui’s southwestern coast at depths of 30–130 meters (98–426 ft) ...
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Setting Shared Goals for South Florida’s Marine an...

We facilitated a process to identify the characteristics and key regulating processes of a sustainable South Florida coastal marine ecosystem. Using the best available science from academia, agencies, and non-governmental ...
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Tracking the Extent and Effect of Hypoxia on Comme...

Low oxygen or hypoxic zones have increased in the Pacific Northwest. We are working with Dungeness crab fishermen in Oregon to deploy dissolved oxygen sensors on commercial crab pots to ...
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Understanding Coral Ecosystem Connectivity in the ...

We investigated the role that the mesophotic coral ecosystems of Pulley Ridge (off the southwest coast of Florida) played in replenishing key coral, sponge, algal, and fish species in the ...
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Understanding Coral Ecosystem Connectivity in the ...

We are investigating population connectivity for key coral, sponge, and fish species between shallow and mesophotic reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary and its proposed expansion areas ...
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News

First Book on Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems Publishe...

Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems is the primary source for a basic understanding of mesophotic coral ecosystems. Credit Springer The first book on Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems has been published by Springer. NCCOS ...
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Expedition Begins to Investigate Coral Ecosystem C...

Mesophotic coral ecosystem at Geyer Bank (~105 feet deep) in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Credit: Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary (FGBNMS) and University of North Carolina at Wilmington, ...
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NPR Highlights New Hypoxia and Pacific Northwest D...

On October 28, 2018, the National Public Radio (NPR) Weekend Edition program featured a new NCCOS project that is tracking the extent and effect of hypoxia (low oxygen) on commercial ...
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NCCOS Announces Two Mesophotic Coral Ecosystem Fun...

The NCCOS Competitive Research Program is pleased to announce two Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Funding Opportunities (FFOs) related to mesophotic coral ecosystems in American Samoa and the Hawaiian Archipelago. The deadline ...
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Coral Surveys Inform Expansion of Pulley Ridge Hab...

In June, the Gulf of Mexico Fisheries Management Council voted to expand the Pulley Ridge Habitat Area of Particular Concern (HAPC), located roughly 150 miles off Florida’s southwest coast. The expanded ...
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Assessment of Florida’s Mesophotic Coral Ree...

A multi-institutional team of scientists funded by NCCOS has published an assessment of the mesophotic coral reefs (75–270 feet deep) located roughly 150 miles off of Florida’s southwest coast. The ...
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Light Shed on Hawaiian Reef Fish Food Sources and ...

NOAA-funded scientists studying the diets of 22 species of Hawaiian coral reef fish living at both shallow (0-30 meters) and mesophotic (30-150 meters) depths found that the food source differed ...
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Mesophotic Reefs in Southwest Puerto Rico Shaped b...

Sediment exerts a basic control on the character and distribution of both shallow and mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). In a rare study focused on sediment dynamics of MCEs, NCCOS-supported scientists ...
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Depth Affects Algal Symbiont Composition in Caribb...

NCCOS-funded researchers investigating the diversity of symbiotic algae (Symbiodinium spp.) associated with the coral Agaricia lamarcki in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands found the coral's algal associations change ...
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First Compendium on Deep-water Algae of Puerto Ric...

A new taxonomic publication describes the relatively unknown algal flora of mesophotic coral ecosystems in Puerto Rico. Theseecosystems are characterized by the presence of light-dependent corals and associated communities found ...
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Data & Publications

A comprehensive investigation of mesophotic coral ecosystems in the Hawaiian Archipelago

Although the existence of coral-reef habitats at depths to 165 m in tropical regions has been known for decades, the richness, diversity, and ecological importance of mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) has only recently become widely acknowledged. During an interdisciplinary effort ...
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A new encrusting deep-water coral reef alga, Peyssonnelia incomposita (Peyssonneliaceae, Rhodophyta), from Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea

A new Peyssonnelia species is described from deep-water habitats in Puerto Rico as well as the U.S. Virgin Islands. Peyssonnelia incomposita is distinctive when living due its background orange coloration with highly contrasting bright yellow highlights. Internally the thallus is ...
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A new species of Atergopedia (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Novocriniidae) from a Caribbean mesophotic reef

Coordinated research efforts in mesophotic coral reefs are only a decade old, but have already produced exciting findings in ecology, physiology, geomorphology, population genetics, biodiversity, and taxonomy. In this taxonomic contribution, we describe both sexes of a new copepod species ...
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A new species of Longipedia Claus, 1863 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Longipediidae) from Caribbean mesophotic reefs with remarks on the phylogenetic affinities of Polyarthra

Mesophotic coral reefs are largely unexplored nearshore habitats. We present illustrations of both sexes of a new copepod species of the family Longipediidae Sars, 1903 collected via scuba-diving with tri-mix rebreathers from mesophotic coral reefs in Puerto Rico as an ...
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Archeolourinia shermani, a new genus and species of Louriniidae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from a Caribbean mesophotic zone

Mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) are found on the insular and continental slopes of Caribbean islands and comprise mainly scleractinian corals, sponges and macroalgae. These species provide habitat for a highly diverse and specialized crustacean fauna. A new genus and species ...
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Azooxanthellate? Most Hawaiian black corals contain Symbiodinium

The ecological success of shallow-water reef-building corals (Hexacorallia: Scleractinia) is framed by their intimate endosymbiosis with photosynthetic dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae). In contrast, the closely related black corals (Hexacorallia: Anthipatharia) are described as azooxanthellate (lacking Symbiodinium), a trait ...
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Characterization of mesophotic coral/sponge ecosystem habitats in the region of the Tortugas Ecological Reserves from ROV Dives during 2013 and 2014 R/V Walton Smith cruises

This report resulted from our ROV surveys to characterize the mesophotic coral reef ecosystems at Pulley Ridge and Tortugas as part of a research grant funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research ...
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Characterization of mesophotic coral/sponge habitats and fish assemblages in the regions of Pulley Ridge and Tortugas from ROV Dives during R/V Walton Smith Cruises of 2012 to 2015

This report summarizes the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) surveys during four cruises from 2012 to 2015 which characterizes the mesophotic coral reef ecosystems at Pulley Ridge and Tortugas. This research is part of a grant funded by the NOAA National ...
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Characterization of the mesophotic benthic habitat and fish assemblages from ROV dives on Pulley Ridge and Tortugas during 2012 and 2013 R/V Walton Smith cruises

Two research cruises were conducted in 2012 and 2013 to the region of Pulley Ridge and Dry Tortugas to study and survey the mesophotic reef communities and fish populations. The University of Miami’s R/V Walton Smith Cruise No. WS1213 was ...
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Characterization of the Mesophotic Benthic Habitat and Fish Assemblages from ROV Dives on Pulley Ridge and Tortugas during 2014 R/V Walton Smith Cruise

Three research cruises were conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014 to the region of Pulley Ridge and Dry Tortugas to study and survey the mesophotic reef communities and fish populations. Pulley Ridge is the deepest known photosynthetic coral reef in ...
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General Pages

CHRP

Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP)The Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP) is a competitive research program focused on advancing the understanding, detection, prediction, control, mitigation, and response to hypoxia events in ...
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Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems

Mesophotic Coral EcosystemsWith the well-documented decline of coral reefs, lesser-understood "mesophotic" or "twilight" reefs (found 30 to 150 meters beneath the ocean surface) may serve as sources of fish and ...
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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources, in direct support of NOS priorities, offices, and customers, and to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
1305 East West Highway, Rm 8110
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone: (240) 533-0300 / Fax: (301) 713-4353
Email: nccos.webcontent@noaa.gov

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