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Projects

Evaluating Changes in Health and Well-being in Com...

We are exploring how environmental changes that resulted from the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster of 2010 are affecting human health and well-being in neighboring coastal communities. Federal, state, and academic ...
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Hypoxia’s Effects on the Shrimp Fishery in the Nor...

Our research is the first to investigate hypoxia’s effects on the harvest and economic dynamics of a Gulf of Mexico shrimp fishery. By linking hypoxia to impacts on fisheries, we ...
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Impacts of Hypoxia on Fish and Fisheries in the No...

To protect fisheries and support ecosystem-based resource management in the northern Gulf of Mexico, we are developing modeling tools that will evaluate and simulate how large-scale changes in forcing factors ...
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Improving Application of Marsh Predictions under S...

Coastal marshes support communities and economies by providing protection from storm surge and habitat for valuable species and recreation. To preserve these benefits, managers need short- and long-term estimates of ...
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Integrated Ecosystem Modeling of the Causes of Hyp...

The largest low oxygen (hypoxic) zone affecting the United States is in the northern Gulf of Mexico, adjacent to the Mississippi River. This “dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico ...
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Measuring the Human Dimensions of Coastal Ecosyste...

We are using social science to better understand the linkages between coastal ecosystems and human health and well-being, with the aim of providing information to managers responsible for natural resources, ...
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Mechanisms Controlling Hypoxia – Integrated Causal...

We’re examining the complex physical and biogeochemical relations that control and maintain the low-oxygen dead zone in the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGOM). We are combining field data from moored ...
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Metabolism and Physiology of Red Tide Toxins in Tu...

Endangered sea turtles experience severe mortality during Florida red tides. This project uses non-endangered freshwater turtles as a model animal to determine the effects of Florida red tide on endangered ...
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News

NCCOS, Partners Release New Gulf Coast Monitoring ...

NCCOS, USGS, and NOAA Fisheries developed a new web-accessible database of water quality and habitat monitoring and mapping programs in the Gulf of Mexico. The database, called the Gulf Coast ...
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Marsh Food Web Research Informs Coastal Land Resto...

With funding from NOAA’s RESTORE Science Program, administered by NCCOS, researchers from Louisiana State University and six other universities are working to understand how Louisiana’s river diversion and marsh creation ...
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Effects of Sea Level Rise Program Awards $2.2 Mill...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is allocating over $2.2M in Fiscal Year 2020 to fund coastal resilience research across the nation. Approximately $589K will cover the first ...
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Smaller than Average Summer ‘Dead Zone’ Measured ...

NCCOS-supported scientists have determined that this year’s Gulf of Mexico “dead zone”—an area of low oxygen that can kill fish and marine life—is approximately 2,116 square miles, equivalent to 1.4 ...
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NOAA Forecasts Larger than Average ‘Dead Zone’ for...

NCCOS scientists are forecasting this summer’s Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone or “dead zone”—an area of low to no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life— to be ...
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Scientists Document Effect of Crude Oil on a Pacif...

Pocillopora damicornis tissue regeneration images following exposure to increasing concentrations of crude oil. Arrows indicate tissue loss at the highest oil concentrations. Credit: May et al., 2020. NCCOS scientists and ...
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NOAA and USGS Release Follow-up Report on the Deve...

NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the RESTORE Council have released the second of seven reports ...
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Model Combines Reduced Nutrients, Increased Temps ...

A team of NCCOS sponsored scientists have enhanced a hypoxia model with an unprecedented, multi-decadal oceanographic dataset to predict the combined effects of reduced nutrient loading, increased temperature, and freshwater ...
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Hypoxia Study Shows Fish Diet and Catchability Cha...

NCCOS sponsored research on hypoxia (low oxygen concentrations within the water column) finds that hypoxic conditions in the northern Gulf of Mexico have variable effects on fish diet, food webs, ...
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NOAA, USGS Identify Programs for Environmental Mon...

Cover of the 2019 report, Inventory of Existing Habitat and Water Quality Monitoring, and Mapping Metadata for Gulf of Mexico Programs. Credit NOAA and USGS. In a report published this ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Dispersal of Mississippi and Atchafalaya Sediment on the Texas-Louisiana Shelf: Model Estimates for the Year 1993

A three-dimensional coupled hydrodynamic-sediment transport model for the Texas–Louisiana continental shelf was developed using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) and used to represent fluvial sediment transport and deposition for the year 1993. The model included water and sediment discharge ...
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Ecological condition of coastal ocean waters along the U.S. continental shelf of northeastern Gulf of Mexico: 2010

This document provides an assessment of ecological condition, with an emphasis on soft-bottom habitats and overlying waters, along the U.S. continental shelf in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, from Anclote Key on the west coast of Florida to the Mississippi ...
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Effects of hypoxia exposure on hepatic cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) expression in Atlantic croaker: molecular mechanisms of CYP1A down-regulation

Hypoxia-inducible factor-? (HIF-?) and cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) are biomarkers of environmental exposure to hypoxia and organic xenobiotic chemicals that act through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, respectively. Many aquatic environments heavily contaminated with organic chemicals, such as harbors, are also ...
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Effects of model physics on hypoxia simulations for the northern Gulf of Mexico: A model intercomparison

A large hypoxic zone forms every summer on the Texas-Louisiana Shelf in the northern Gulf of Mexico due to nutrient and freshwater inputs from the Mississippi/Atchafalaya River System. Efforts are underway to reduce the extent of hypoxic conditions through reductions ...
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Ensemble modeling informs hypoxia management in the northern Gulf of Mexico

A large region of low-dissolved-oxygen bottom waters (hypoxia) forms nearly every summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico because of nutrient inputs from the Mississippi River Basin and water column stratification. Policymakers developed goals to reduce the area of hypoxic ...
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Environmental Conditions in Northern Gulf of Mexico Coastal Waters Following Hurricane Katrina

The results from this study represent a snapshot of ecological condition in coastal waters of Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Borgne-Mississippi Sound two months after the passing of Hurricane Katrina. The comparison of ecological indicators before and after the hurricane suggests ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Estuarine classification and response to nitrogen loading: Insights from simple ecological models

Estuaries exhibit a large range in their responses to nitrogen loadings determined in part by characteristics of the driver, such as magnitude and frequency, but also by such intrinsic characteristics as physical/chemical factors (e.g., depth, volume, hypsometry, salinity, turbidity) and ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Gulf of Mexico regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0163993)

This is the original (1992) Gulf of Mexico regional component of NOAA's Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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