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Projects

Coastal Water Quality Monitoring and Tool Developm...

Effective management of shellfish harvest in the US relies on timely and accurate information about the shellfish habitat and the factors that impact it. In some areas, poor water quality ...
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Cross-Regional Comparison of Dinophysis Bloom Dyna...

Harmful algal blooms of Dinophysis have recently emerged as a human health threat in the U.S., resulting in closures of shellfish harvesting to prevent Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning. We are working ...
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Development and Implementation of an Operational H...

This project developed a prototype operational statistical nowcast/forecast system for three harmful algal bloom (HAB) organisms in the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem, specifically the dinoflagellates Karlodinium veneficum, Prorocentrum minimus, and the ...
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Development of a Coupled Hydrodynamic-Biogeochemic...

Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the Chesapeake Bay, which threaten human and ecosystem health, are more frequent and severe than decades ago. We are developing a new model that incorporates ...
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Development of Environmental Monitoring Guidelines...

We are assisting coastal managers and aquaculture farm operators with the development of environmental monitoring protocols for marine aquaculture. These protocols are helping coastal managers develop practices that support sustainable ...
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Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptank C...

We synthesized biological, chemical, and physical data from six watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay to assess impacts of land use on aquatic ecosystem health. The findings from this study are ...
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Eutrophication and Oyster Aquaculture in the Potom...

Eutrophication is the overabundance of nutrients in a body of water that results in harmful algal blooms, which can lead to depletion of dissolved oxygen and loss of fish and ...
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Evaluating the Efficacy of Island Restoration and ...

We are assessing how the effort to restore the footprint of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay with dunes and dredged sediments is affecting ecosystems that surround the island and the ...
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Forecasting Chesapeake Bay Fishery Resources

We are developing a model to forecast striped bass recruitment in the Chesapeake Bay and are partnering with NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service to incorporate the model in fish stock ...
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News

Swan Island Restoration Effort Featured in Enginee...

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Engineering With Nature® Initiative held an international virtual book launch ceremony on April 7, 2021 to celebrate the release of Engineering With Nature: ...
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Climate-induced Wind Upwelling Could Further Acidi...

A NCCOS and NOAA Ocean Acidification Program sponsored study investigated how physical properties such as winds, tides, and currents impact estuarine acidification and carbonate chemistry in the Chesapeake Bay estuary, ...
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Reviews of Our Current Understanding of Harmful Di...

In a recently released book on dinoflagellates, three chapters update knowledge of and changing views for the red tide alga Karenia brevis and the estuarine Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates Pfiesteria piscicida and ...
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Shoreline Armoring Promotes Spread of Invasive Ree...

A stand of Phragmites australis. Credit USDA. An NCCOS-funded study found that shoreline armoring in Chesapeake Bay promotes the spread of the invasive common reed (Phragmites australis) by stimulating greater ...
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Annual Maryland Shellfish Aquaculture Conference H...

Oyster farmers in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, 2016. Credit: NOAA. NCCOS's Dr. Suzanne Bricker helped organize, and participated in, the 2020 Maryland Shellfish Aquaculture Conference, held online last week as a ...
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Effects of Sea Level Rise Program Awards $2.2 Mill...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is allocating over $2.2M in Fiscal Year 2020 to fund coastal resilience research across the nation. Approximately $589K will cover the first ...
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NCCOS, USACE Collaborations Highlighted in New Eng...

Top: Aerial view of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, following placement of approximately 60,000 cubic yards of dredged sediment; placement completed in April 2019. Bottom: Taken in August 2020, ...
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NCCOS Vibrio Predictive Models (Story Map)

ESRI Story Map on Vibrio Predictive Models. Credit G. Messick, NOAA A story map has been created to describe the different Vibrio Predictive Models produced by NCCOS. These predictive models ...
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NCCOS Chesapeake Bay Aquaculture Ecosystem Service...

The Chesapeake Community Research Symposium 2020 took place virtually from June 8-10, 2020. Credit Chesapeake Research Consortium. A recent conference brought together managers, scientists, and stakeholders for a series of ...
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NCCOS Forecast Predicts Occurrence of Pathogenic V...

Vibrio vulnificus model results for Chesapeake Bay, June 17, 2020. Credit: NOAA. In 2019, NOAA released a new forecast capability which shows public health officials in Maryland and Virginia when ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Cruise report: Spring 2007 survey of ecological conditions along the continental shelf off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach, NOAA ship Nancy Foster Cruise NF-07-08-NCCOS (May 15 - May 28, 2007)

This cruise report is a summary of a field survey conducted in coastal-ocean waters off Florida from Anclote Key to West Palm Beach and from approximately 1 nautical mile (nm) offshore seaward to the shelf break (100 m). The survey ...
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Diel differences in abundance and diversity of fish species and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the sandy beach shore zone of lower Delaware Bay

Diel sampling was conducted during June–September 2013, in the shore zone and adjacent nearshore zone of Delaware Bay, Delaware, to identify day and night changes in nekton density, species richness, and the species assemblage. Mean species richness and total nekton ...
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Direct and indirect impacts of shoreline development on shallow-water benthic communities in a depauperate estuarine system

Modification of natural coastlines is prevalent as human coastal populations swell and effects of global climate change become clearer. We investigated effects of shoreline hardening and environmental factors on benthic infauna and trophic structure in the Patuxent River, Maryland, a ...
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Ecosystem Metabolism

This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction; Basic Definitions and Concepts; Measuring Ecosystem Metabolism; Regulating Factors and Spatial/Temporal Patterns; Ecosystem Metabolism Case Studies; Cross?Ecosystem Comparisons; Metabolic Responses to Climate Change and Variability; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Citing Literature ...
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Effects of Local Shoreline and Subestuary Watershed Condition on Waterbird Community Integrity: Influences of Geospatial Scale and Season in the Chesapeake Bay

In many coastal regions throughout the world, there is increasing pressure to harden shorelines to protect human infrastructures against sea level rise, storm surge, and erosion. This study examines waterbird community integrity in relation to shoreline hardening and land use ...
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Effects of Local Watershed Land Use on Water Quality in Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays and Subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay

Nutrient inputs have degraded estuaries worldwide. We investigated the sources and effects of nutrient inputs by comparing water quality at shallow (< 2m deep) nearshore (within 200 m) locations in a total of 49 Chesapeake subestuaries and Mid-Atlantic coastal bays ...
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Effects of Nutrient Enrichment In the Nation’s Estuaries: A Decade of Change

The National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment (NEEA) is a tool for evaluating both current eutrophic condition and the effectiveness of management actions aimed at reducing eutrophic condition. Eutrophication is caused by excess nutrients and is expressed by symptoms such as increased ...
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Effects of Shoreline Alteration and Other Stressors on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay and the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) provides many important ecosystem functions, but SAV has been significantly reduced in many estuaries. We used spatial–statistical models to identify estuarine shoreline characteristics that explain variations in SAV abundance among subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay and ...
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Effects of shoreline stabilization and environmental variables on benthic infaunal communities in the Lynnhaven River System of Chesapeake Bay

Coastlines worldwide are being altered due to shoreline hardening and stabilization and while highly altered systems are subject to change, variability exists in how shoreline hardening affects benthic communities depending on the landscape features of the system and regional production ...
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Effects of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River discharge on planktonic community respiration in the East China Sea

Planktonic communities tend to flourish on the western margins of the East China Sea (ECS) fueled by substrates delivered largely from the Changjiang River, the fifth largest river in the world. To study the effects of the Changjiang River discharge ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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