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Projects

Quantifying the Benefits of Natural and Nature-bas...

We will analyze how marshes, submerged aquatic vegetation, and other natural features reduce wave energy and flood risks along Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic coastal bays. Our findings will inform ...
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Refining Ecosystem Model Inputs for Sea Level Rise...

We are enhancing a locally relevant marsh model with new field data on the impacts of sea level rise to allow coastal managers to evaluate the vulnerability and inform restoration ...
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Salt Marsh Evolution along the South Atlantic Bigh...

We are advancing marsh modeling in the South Atlantic Bight (SAB) to provide high-resolution predictions of future marsh evolution and the wave attenuation of these habitats under varying sea level ...
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Sea-Level Rise Modeling as a Catalyst for Effectiv...

In collaboration with The Nature Conservancy and the Hawaii Sentinel Site Cooperative, we are evaluating the effects of sea level rise of unique coastal habitats on the west coast of ...
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Shifts in Seagrass Species Composition: A Sentinel...

We are using aerial and satellite imagery, field surveys, and tank experiments to answer questions regarding climate change impacts to the coastal seagrass beds of North Carolina, particularly seagrass susceptibility ...
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Shoreline Habitat Types and Erosion Rates on Marin...

We determined rates of shoreline change in the New River Estuary and Intracoastal Waterway adjacent to Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune over the past 50 years. We investigated the relationship ...
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Supporting Redesign of Battleship NORTH CAROLINA P...

In response to repeated nuisance flooding events that have impacted operations and visitor access at the Battleship NORTH CAROLINA Park, NCCOS scientists are supporting park mangers in their efforts to ...
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Surface Transportation, Sea Level Rise, and Coasta...

In collaboration with the Alabama Department of Transportation, we are evaluating the effects of sea level rise on road and ferry access infrastructure in coastal Alabama and determining the ability ...
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The Coastal Recovery from Storms Tool (CReST): Mod...

We are developing a community modeling tool, based on field data, to inform impact and vulnerability assessments of dune and beach recovery following storms under a suite of sea level ...
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Transportation Systems and Flood Resilience under ...

We are investigating how coastal flooding is impacting surface transportation networks in Hampton Roads, VA. This work combines hydrodynamic, morphodynamic,  pavement, and economic models to predict the effectiveness of natural ...
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News

Story Map Highlights Approaches to Resilient Coast...

Cardiff State Park Living Shoreline Project. NOAA scientists co-developed a story map about protecting California's transportation infrastructure from sea-level rise and flooding, highlighting insights from a unique partnership between the ...
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Webinar Highlights Science on Intermittently Open ...

Aerial view of Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve, an intermittently open estuary in Southern California. Credit: NOAA. The California Coastal Resilience Network hosted a webinar highlighting research on intermittently ...
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NCCOS Partners with CERF ‘Rising Tides’- Contribut...

NCCOS sponsored and participated in the 2021 Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (CERF) 26th Biennial Conference, which was held virtually on November 1-4 and November 8-11, 2021. NCCOS scientists and ...
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Understanding Processes Driving Sand Dune Erosion ...

Coastal sand dunes are dynamic features that are continuously evolving due to winds and waves. The relative importance of these complex coastal processes that determine if sand is added to ...
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New Report Presents Framework for Advancing the Pr...

Marsh habitat on Swan Island, MD in 2020, two years post-restoration. Credit: NOAA NCCOS NCCOS and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) scientists and engineers along with partners from Maryland ...
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Research Fills Gap in Understanding Greenhouse Gas...

New research by NCCOS scientists provides data to help fill a gap in our understanding of the fate of coastal wetland sediment carbon following disturbance events. Stored organic carbon in ...
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Researchers Evaluate Long-term Effect of Adding Sa...

NCCOS-sponsored research assessed the effectiveness of beach and dune nourishment on the morphological resilience of Dauphin Island, Alabama, for a 30-year period of beach management. Overall, the researchers found that ...
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Wetlands in Intermittently Closed Estuaries Can Bu...

Along the U.S. Pacific Coast, many estuaries are not permanently open to the ocean, but shift between open and closed states. A NCCOS-supported study tested the hypothesis that intermittently-closed estuary ...
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Communicating and Understanding Ecosystem Services...

NCCOS-funded researchers from six institutions report on insights and lessons learned from stakeholder engagement. The engagement was conducted during a multi-year transdisciplinary project focused on quantifying and communicating the benefits ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

In Situ Effects of Shoreline Type and Watershed Land Use on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Quality in the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) is an ecologically and economically valuable component of coastal estuaries that acts as an early indicator of both degrading and improving water quality. This study aimed to determine if shoreline hardening, which is associated with increased ...
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Integrating Regional Management Needs into a Mid-Atlantic Shorelines Research Projects

We provide an example of how one estuarine research project engaged regional managers to help guide the research towards the needs of managers and policymakers dealing with shoreline management in the Mid-Atlantic region of the USA. Elements of the approach ...
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Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?

Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation of artificial structures – associated with (1) the exponential growth ...
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Land Use and Salinity Drive Changes in SAV Abundance and Community Composition

Conserving and restoring submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) are key management goals for estuaries worldwide because SAV integrates many aspects of water quality and provides a wide range of ecosystem services. Management strategies are typically focused on aggregated abundance of several ...
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Linking the Abundance of Estuarine Fish and Crustaceans in Nearshore Waters to Shoreline Hardening and Land Cover

Human alteration of land cover (e.g., urban and agricultural land use) and shoreline hardening (e.g., bulkheading and rip rap revetment) are intensifying due to increasing human populations and sea level rise. Fishes and crustaceans that are ecologically and economically valuable ...
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Local and regional disturbances associated with the invasion of Chesapeake Bay marshes by the common reed Phragmites australis

Invasions are dynamic as both the invading organism and the invaded ecosystem change. Intrinsic changes to the invader (invasion process) can involve population level genetic and reproductive changes. Extrinsic changes (invasion effect) occur to the environment that is invaded (e.g., ...
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Microsatellite analysis to estimate realized dispersal distance in Phragmites australis

An understanding of the mean and maximum dispersal distances of target species and subsequent scaling of management efforts to dispersal distance can be key in slowing, containing, or eradicating invasive species. However, dispersal distance is often difficult to measure. Patterns ...
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Moving from a regional to a continental perspective of Phragmites australis invasion in North America

We use a regional comparison of Phragmites australis (common reed) subsp. americanus, P. australis subsp. berlandieri and introduced P. australis (possibly five sublineages) in the Chesapeake Bay, the St Lawrence River, Utah and the Gulf Coast to inform a North ...
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NCCOS Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM): Mean High Water and Salt Marsh Productivity (Hydro-MEM) (NCEI Accession 0170338)

This dataset contains salt marsh productivity projections under different sea level rise scenarios for the northern Gulf of Mexico (Florida panhandle, Alabama, and Mississippi) using a coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model called Hydro-MEM (Alizad et al. 2016a and 2016b). The modeled outputs ...
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NCCOS Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM): Simulated Return Period Stillwater Elevation (NCEI Accession 0170340)

This dataset comprises stillwater storm surge projections for 2100 for the northern Gulf of Mexico (Mississippi, Alabama, and the Florida panhandle) using a high-resolution coupled SWAN+ADCIRC model (Bilskie et al., 2016a). These results are from a predictive model in a ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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