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Projects

Shifts in Seagrass Species Composition: A Sentinel...

We are using aerial and satellite imagery, field surveys, and tank experiments to answer questions regarding climate change impacts to the coastal seagrass beds of North Carolina, particularly seagrass susceptibility ...
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Shoreline Habitat Types and Erosion Rates on Marin...

We determined rates of shoreline change in the New River Estuary and Intracoastal Waterway adjacent to Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune over the past 50 years. We investigated the relationship ...
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Supporting Redesign of Battleship NORTH CAROLINA P...

In response to repeated nuisance flooding events that have impacted operations and visitor access at the Battleship NORTH CAROLINA Park, NCCOS scientists are supporting park mangers in their efforts to ...
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Surface Transportation, Sea Level Rise, and Coasta...

In collaboration with the Alabama Department of Transportation, we are evaluating the effects of sea level rise on road and ferry access infrastructure in coastal Alabama and determining the ability ...
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The Coastal Recovery from Storms Tool (CReST): Mod...

We are developing a community modeling tool, based on field data, to inform impact and vulnerability assessments of dune and beach recovery following storms under a suite of sea level ...
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Understanding and Predicting Changes in Coastal Ma...

We are developing marsh conservation and restoration guidance for the central coastal region of North Carolina from eight years of yet unpublished, continuous water-level data combined with field measurements of ...
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News

Story Map Highlights Marsh Vulnerability in San Fr...

A “marsh organ,” used to study the effects of different water levels on marsh vegetation and marsh migration, is deployed at the project study site. Credit: OSU and USGS. An ...
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Predicting the Socioeconomic Impacts of Shoreline ...

The tradeoffs between protection of private property and management of the public commons along coastlines are a source of increasing conflict given the threats posed by erosion and sea-level rise ...
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New Tools Address Threats to Anchialine Pools in H...

Anchialine pools in Hawaii are culturally important brackish ecosystems with an underground connection to the ocean and are threatened by sea level rise. An NCCOS-sponsored study developed methods to assess ...
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NCCOS Helps Military with Long-term Resiliency at ...

NCCOS's expertise in salt marsh response to sea level rise helped inform the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) on the best strategies for ecosystem-based management at U.S. Marine Corps Base ...
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New Methodology Combines Observations from Differe...

High quality satellite imagery is available for use at no cost, offering scientists an inexpensive opportunity to monitor changes to coastal wetlands throughout the year. However, cloud cover can prevent ...
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New Report Evaluates Benefits of Using Dredged Sed...

Mordecai Island, NJ and the developed shoreline looking south. The study area is in the center of the picture. Credit R. Giannelli, NOAA NCCOS. NCCOS scientists have released the results ...
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Location, Inundation, and Nitrogen Availability Dr...

Two publications resulting from U.S. Department of Defense-funded research to support ecosystem-based management in coastal military installations have been published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. The research was a ...
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Podcast Explores Economics of Natural vs Armored S...

Some oceanfront landowners in Neskowin, Oregon, have chosen to use rock revetments, or rip-rap, to protect their properties from erosion. Their decision has implications for property values, public access, and ...
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Hydro-Financial Watershed Modeling for Environment...

NCCOS has sponsored a study to determine the fair interest rate and return period for a new type of financial instrument called an Environmental Impact Bond. The study examines feasibility ...
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Shoreline Armoring Promotes Spread of Invasive Ree...

A stand of Phragmites australis. Credit USDA. An NCCOS-funded study found that shoreline armoring in Chesapeake Bay promotes the spread of the invasive common reed (Phragmites australis) by stimulating greater ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

In Situ Effects of Shoreline Type and Watershed Land Use on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Quality in the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) is an ecologically and economically valuable component of coastal estuaries that acts as an early indicator of both degrading and improving water quality. This study aimed to determine if shoreline hardening, which is associated with increased ...
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Integrating Regional Management Needs into a Mid-Atlantic Shorelines Research Projects

We provide an example of how one estuarine research project engaged regional managers to help guide the research towards the needs of managers and policymakers dealing with shoreline management in the Mid-Atlantic region of the USA. Elements of the approach ...
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Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?

Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation of artificial structures – associated with (1) the exponential growth ...
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Land Use and Salinity Drive Changes in SAV Abundance and Community Composition

Conserving and restoring submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) are key management goals for estuaries worldwide because SAV integrates many aspects of water quality and provides a wide range of ecosystem services. Management strategies are typically focused on aggregated abundance of several ...
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Linking the Abundance of Estuarine Fish and Crustaceans in Nearshore Waters to Shoreline Hardening and Land Cover

Human alteration of land cover (e.g., urban and agricultural land use) and shoreline hardening (e.g., bulkheading and rip rap revetment) are intensifying due to increasing human populations and sea level rise. Fishes and crustaceans that are ecologically and economically valuable ...
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Local and regional disturbances associated with the invasion of Chesapeake Bay marshes by the common reed Phragmites australis

Invasions are dynamic as both the invading organism and the invaded ecosystem change. Intrinsic changes to the invader (invasion process) can involve population level genetic and reproductive changes. Extrinsic changes (invasion effect) occur to the environment that is invaded (e.g., ...
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Microsatellite analysis to estimate realized dispersal distance in Phragmites australis

An understanding of the mean and maximum dispersal distances of target species and subsequent scaling of management efforts to dispersal distance can be key in slowing, containing, or eradicating invasive species. However, dispersal distance is often difficult to measure. Patterns ...
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Moving from a regional to a continental perspective of Phragmites australis invasion in North America

We use a regional comparison of Phragmites australis (common reed) subsp. americanus, P. australis subsp. berlandieri and introduced P. australis (possibly five sublineages) in the Chesapeake Bay, the St Lawrence River, Utah and the Gulf Coast to inform a North ...
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NCCOS Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM): Mean High Water and Salt Marsh Productivity (Hydro-MEM) (NCEI Accession 0170338)

This dataset contains salt marsh productivity projections under different sea level rise scenarios for the northern Gulf of Mexico (Florida panhandle, Alabama, and Mississippi) using a coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model called Hydro-MEM (Alizad et al. 2016a and 2016b). The modeled outputs ...
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NCCOS Ecological Effects of Sea Level Rise in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (EESLR-NGOM): Simulated Return Period Stillwater Elevation (NCEI Accession 0170340)

This dataset comprises stillwater storm surge projections for 2100 for the northern Gulf of Mexico (Mississippi, Alabama, and the Florida panhandle) using a high-resolution coupled SWAN+ADCIRC model (Bilskie et al., 2016a). These results are from a predictive model in a ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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