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Projects

Investigating Domoic Acid Biosynthesis and Toxic B...

The marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia (PN) produces domoic acid (DA), a neurotoxin that has caused widespread human poisoning along the northeast and northwest coasts of the contiguous U.S. Researchers have investigated ...
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Modeling and mapping marine bird distributions on ...

Seabirds and other marine birds are wide-ranging and highly mobile so mapping their at-sea distributions presents a significant challenge. The purpose of this project was to produce high-resolution predictive maps ...
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Modeling, Visualizing, and Communicating Nor'easte...

We are working to inform and improve coastal resource management and resilience to extreme weather events (e.g., Nor’easters and hurricanes) whose impacts are magnified with sea level rise. The project ...
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Multidisciplinary Approach to a Cross-Regional Pro...

Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) has emerged as a significant and expanding seafood safety threat in coastal regions across the United States. The harmful algal species Dinophysis produces toxins known to ...
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NOAA Mussel Watch Program: An Assessment of Contam...

Since 1986, NOAA’s Mussel Watch Program has monitored the nation’s coastal waters for chemical contaminants and biological indicators of water quality. The program is being redesigned to adopt a rotating ...
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Restoring our Nation’s Wetlands using MAPTITE: A M...

We developed an ArcGIS-extension MAPTITE tool designed to help marsh planners maximize the success rate of vegetation restoration efforts. The tool identifies suitable locations for replenishing marsh plant species based ...
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The Environmental Sample Processor – Making it Mor...

We are re-engineering the design of the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP), one of the first available in-water sensors to measure harmful algae, their toxins, and other parameters in near real-time ...
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Tool to Forecast the Effect of Waves on Waterbodie...

We created a tool to help coastal community managers, resource managers, and biologists estimate the wave impact potential to a given area. Wave forms included in the tool range from ...
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News

Collaboration with New Scholar and NOAA Ocean Acid...

Oyster aquaculture structures at Mook Sea Farm, Wapole, Maine. Credit: Mook Sea Farm This past month, NCCOS welcomed a new Hollings Scholar, Madison Uetrecht, who will study the effects of ...
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A Primer to Living Shorelines Published

A synthesis of recent thinking and results from practitioners and researchers of Living Shorelines just hit the stands. " Living Shorelines: The Science and Management of Nature-Based Coastal Protection," details ...
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NCCOS Helps New England Respond to Unprecedented H...

For the first time in New England's coastal waters, shellfish have exceeded the regulatory limit for domoic acid - a potent neurotoxin produced by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. Domoic acid accumulates ...
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NOAA Interns Support NCCOS Research in Choptank Ha...

Five NOAA interns joined NCCOS scientists and partners in a demanding week-long field survey to groundtruth high resolution WorldView satellite imagery of wetlands in the Choptank Habitat Focus Area on ...
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Vegetation Surveys Validate Satellite Imagery in C...

Field surveys of wetland habitats were conducted in the Choptank watershed on June 20-24, 2016 by NCCOS scientists, partners, students, and interns to groundtruth high-resolution WorldView satellite imagery of the ...
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Producing a new Reference Material for Paralytic S...

Saxitoxins, produced by species of harmful algal blooms (HABs), cause paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) when contaminatedseafood is consumed. For nearly 50 years the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ...
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Gulf of Maine Red Tide Monitoring Season Begins fo...

Harmful algal bloom monitoring is underway in the Gulf of Maine, with near real-time early warning of potential toxic blooms being provided by three Environmental Sample Processors (ESPs). The ESPs ...
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NCCOS Sponsors 20 New Research Projects

NCCOS awarded nearly $4.5 million in new research grants while maintaining sponsorship of 42 continuing projects during 2015 for a total of $8.2 million in funding for innovative research. All ...
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The Future of Algae Bloom Monitoring Technology

Technology developed with NCCOS funding is rapidly advancing harmful algal bloom (HAB) monitoring capabilities nationwide. These cutting edge detection tools are now commercially available and transitioning them to sustained management ...
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Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Larger than Predicted Aft...

Distribution of bottom-water dissolved oxygen July 28-August 3, 2015 west of the Mississippi River delta. The black line indicates dissolved oxygen levels of less than two miligrams per liter. Credit: ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)

This is the Mid-Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: North Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162402)

This is the North Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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Investigation of 2006 Alexandrium fundyense bloom in the Gulf of Maine: In-situ observations and numerical modeling

In-situ observations and a coupled bio-physical model were used to study the germination, initiation, and development of the Gulf of Maine (GOM) Alexandrium fundyense bloom in 2006. Hydrographic measurements and comparisons with GOM climatology indicate that 2006 was a year ...
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Long-term monitoring of ecological conditions in Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary: Comparison of soft-bottom benthic assemblages and contaminant levels in sediments and biota in spring 2000 and 2005

As part of an ongoing program of benthic sampling and related assessments of sediment quality at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary (GRNMS) off the coast of Georgia, a survey of soft-bottom benthic habitats was conducted in spring 2005 to characterize ...
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Long-term, high frequency in situ measurements of intertidal mussel bed temperatures using biomimetic sensors

At a proximal level, the physiological impacts of global climate change on ectothermic organisms are manifest as changes in body temperatures. Especially for plants and animals exposed to direct solar radiation, body temperatures can be substantially different from air temperatures ...
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Model initialization in a tidally energetic regime: A dynamically adjusted objective analysis

A simple improvement to objective analysis of hydrographic data is proposed to eliminate spatial aliasing effects in tidally energetic regions. The proposed method consists of the evaluation of anomalies from observations with respect to circulation model fields. The procedure is ...
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Model output for deep-sea coral habitat suitability in the U.S. North and Mid-Atlantic from 2013 (NCEI Accession 0145923)

This dataset was created for potential use as an environmental predictor in spatial predictive models of deep-sea coral habitat suitability. Deep-sea corals are of particular conservation concern due to their slow growth rates and vulnerability to disturbance. This is a ...
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Model Simulations of the Bay of Fundy Gyre: 2. Hindcasts for 2005-2007 Reveal Interannual Variability in Retentiveness

A persistent gyre at the mouth of the Bay of Fundy results from a combination of tidal rectification and buoyancy forcing. Here we assess recent interannual variability in the strength of the gyre using data assimilative model simulations. Realistic hindcast ...
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Modeling at-sea occurrence and abundance of marine birds to support Atlantic marine renewable energy planning: Phase I report

This report describes the first phase of a project aimed at producing maps of the spatial distributions of marine bird species in U.S. Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) waters that can be used to inform marine spatial planning in the ...
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