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Projects

Benthic Habitat Characterization and Climate Chang...

Cordell Bank, Greater Farallones and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuaries harbor diverse communities of deep-water fish, corals and sponges. Corals and sponges associated with groundfish habitat face many threats, including ...
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Can Meadows of Underwater Grasses Help Mitigate th...

Ocean acidification (OA) in the natural environment co-occurs with other stressors, such as temperature and low oxygen, creating complex ecological interactions that are difficult to manage in restoration and aquaculture ...
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Can Oyster Aquaculture in the Chesapeake Bay Flour...

We are supporting research that will explore how the Eastern oyster will grow and survive under future environmental conditions and determine if there are environmental or economic thresholds (“tipping points”) ...
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Chesapeake Bay Climate Sensitivity Assessment

The Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest estuaries in the world, economically valuable for its productive habitats, valuable fisheries, and recreational opportunities. However, it is clear that climate changes ...
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Climate Change Impacts on Intertidal Zone Populati...

The intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tide marks on the shores of the world’s oceans, is a sensitive indicator of the effects of climate variability and ...
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Coastal Water Quality Monitoring and Tool Developm...

We are researching the factors that drive bacterial pollution in estuarine waters (e.g., climate variability, wastewater management, and agricultural practices), and their potential as indicators of estuarine condition. Our research ...
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Codevelopment of Modeling Tools to Manage Sediment...

We will advance scientific, engineering, and policy perspectives on how sediment can be managed in coastal lowlands to reduce flood risk, bank instability, and erosion risk. We will evaluate sediment ...
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Coral Restoration: Developing Scientific Guidance ...

As coral restoration efforts continue to increase in size and number, there is an overwhelming need for information for scientific input into restoration spatial planning and siting, defining restoration success, ...
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News

Hurricane Harvey Water Quality Effects Documented ...

NOAA NWS radar mosaic of Hurricane Harvey on 25 August 2017, DBZ = radar reflectivity factor of precipitation). Credit: NOAA NWS. An NCCOS-supported study analyzed the short- and long-term water ...
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Past, Present, and Future High Tide Flooding in Ch...

To aid in coastal planning, an NCCOS-sponsored study has developed a forecast of high tide flooding for the City of Charleston, South Carolina's historic peninsula section. In 1950, Charleston experienced ...
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NOAA Supports Development of a Universal Guide for...

As coral reefs continue to degrade globally, there is an increasing need for preservation and restoration of these valuable coastal resources. As coral restoration efforts continue to increase and scale ...
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Study Identifies Barriers, Opportunities for Benef...

A new NOAA-funded study outlines systemic changes that could be made in Southern California to encourage beneficial reuse of sediment to support coastal resilience. Sediment management is increasingly important as ...
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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for Los An...

King tide at Malibu Surfrider Beach. Credit: California King Tides Project. Coastal communities are increasingly vulnerable to climate effects, such as sea level rise and coastal erosion. In an effort ...
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GIS Toolbox for Estimating Wave Attenuation by Coa...

A new free GIS toolbox, that estimates and maps the wave reduction intensity provided by marshes, makes it easier to evaluate marshes for coastal protection. NOAA-funded researchers at Louisiana State ...
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Effects of Sea Level Rise Program Awards $2.2 Mill...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is allocating over $2.2M in Fiscal Year 2020 to fund coastal resilience research across the nation. Approximately $589K will cover the first ...
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NCCOS, USACE Collaborations Highlighted in New Eng...

Top: Aerial view of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, following placement of approximately 60,000 cubic yards of dredged sediment; placement completed in April 2019. Bottom: Taken in August 2020, ...
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Marsh Food Web Research Informs Coastal Land Resto...

With funding from NOAA’s RESTORE Science Program, administered by NCCOS, researchers from Louisiana State University and six other universities are working to understand how Louisiana’s river diversion and marsh creation ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

An unprecedented coastwide toxic algal bloom linked to anomalous ocean conditions

A coastwide bloom of the toxigenic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia in spring 2015 resulted in the largest recorded outbreak of the neurotoxin, domoic acid, along the North American west coast. Elevated toxins were measured in numerous stranded marine mammals and resulted in ...
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Assessment of Ecological Condition and Potential Stressor Impacts in Offshore Areas of Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

In June 2015, the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science conducted an assessment of the status of ecological condition of unconsolidated, soft-bottom habitat and overlying waters at 30 sites from 11 – 99 m depth in targeted shelf areas ...
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Benthic Characterization of Deep-Water Habitat in the Newly Expanded Areas of Cordell Bank and Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries

A large area of the seafloor off northern California lies within the US National Marine Sanctuary System, but very little of the habitat has been explored and even less is characterized using visual survey techniques, especially deep-water habitats. Benthic surveys ...
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Biotic resistance, disturbance, and mode of colonization impact the invasion of a widespread, introduced wetland grass

Disturbance and biotic resistance are important factors driving plant invasions, but how these factors interact for plants with different modes of colonization (i.e., sexual and asexual) is unclear. We evaluated factors influencing the invasion of nonnative Phragmites australis, which has ...
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Characterization of deep coral and sponge communities in the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary: Rittenburg Bank, Cochrane Bank and the Farallon Escarpment

The purpose of the surveys was to groundtruth mapping data collected in 2011, and to characterize the seafloor biota, particularly corals and sponges, in order to support Essential Fish Habitat designations under Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA) and other conservation and management ...
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Characterization of the Mesophotic Benthic Habitat and Fish Assemblages from ROV Dives on Pulley Ridge and Tortugas during 2014 R/V Walton Smith Cruise

Three research cruises were conducted in 2012, 2013 and 2014 to the region of Pulley Ridge and Dry Tortugas to study and survey the mesophotic reef communities and fish populations. Pulley Ridge is the deepest known photosynthetic coral reef in ...
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Choptank ecological assessment: digital atlas – baseline status report

The Choptank watershed was selected by NOAA as a Habitat Focus Area (HFA) for the Habitat Blueprint Program. As such, NOAA plans an integrated set of activities combining resources from multiple programs to leverage the full weight of its eff ...
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Climate change and larval transport in the ocean: fractional effects from physical and physiological factors

Changes in larval import, export, and self‐seeding will affect the resilience of coral reef ecosystems. Climate change will alter the ocean currents that transport larvae and also increase sea surface temperatures (SST), hastening development, and shortening larval durations. Here, we ...
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Climatic regulation of the neurotoxin domoic acid

Domoic acid is a potent neurotoxin produced by certain marine microalgae that can accumulate in the foodweb, posing a health threat to human seafood consumers and wildlife in coastal regions worldwide. Evidence of climatic regulation of domoic acid in shellfish ...
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Coastal Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptank River Complex Habitat Focus Area: Tred Avon River

In the Tred Avon River, an important tributary of the Choptank River, we assessed the impacts of land use on the health of the aquatic ecosystem in a 3-year field study (2015-2017). In our analysis of information collected during the ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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