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Projects

The Dinoflagellate-Specific Algicide IRI-160AA: Is...

Building on previous research that showed the bacteria Shewanella sp. IRI-160 produces an algicide targeting dinoflagellates with no effect on other phytoplankton, the project team will determine the concentration of ...

The Environmental Sample Processor – Making it Mor...

We are re-engineering the design of the Environmental Sample Processor (ESP), one of the first available in-water sensors to measure harmful algae, their toxins, and other parameters in near real-time ...

The Role of Nitric Oxide in Promoting Heterosigma ...

Heterosigma akashiwo has emerged as a threat to finfish and shellfish stocks resulting in significant impacts to the coastal economy. We are working to identify the mechanisms and nitrogen sources ...

Toward a Predictive Understanding of Cochlodinium ...

Large blooms of Cochlodinium polykrikoides have occurred throughout the lower Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries in recent decades and appear to be followed by increasingly intense blooms of the ichthyotoxic ...

Towards a Predictive Understanding of Our Ecosyste...

Cyanobacteria blooms and toxin production are an urgent contemporary problem in the US and worldwide. Water quality models are important tools for managing these problems, but currently the utility of ...

Toxic Prymesium parvuum: Characterization of Toxin...

We have successfully identified several toxins and chemical properties of the harmful alga Prymesium parvuum with the ultimate goal of developing detection and monitoring tools. Until very recently the toxins ...

Traveling Harmful Algal Bloom Laboratory Education...

Why We Care New Jersey has seen significant increases in cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (CyanoHABs) and related impacts. CyanoHABs sometimes produce toxins that can be harmful to human and animal ...

Trophic Transfer and Effects of HAB Toxins in Alas...

This project aims to determine harmful algal bloom species composition and cell densities in Alaskan waters, and to model toxin transfer pathways to zooplankton, shellfish, finfish, and marine mammals, and ...

Uncovering the Mechanisms behind Wintertime Occurr...

Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) from the alga Alexandrium hinder the wintertime geoduck clam fishery in Southeast Alaska. With no winter blooms of Alexandrium on record, scientists hypothesize that the toxins ...

News

Toxic Alga Dinophysis an Emerging Threat to Human ...

Mesodinium rubrum (left cell) captured by Dinophysis cf. ovum. Modified from Mafra Jr. et al. 2016. The toxic dinoflagellate alga Dinophysis threatens human health and coastal economies through the production ...

New Method Provides for Fast and Accurate Determin...

Washington state shellfish validated for LC-MS/MS method. Left to right: California and blue mussels, native littleneck clam, Manila littleneck clam, and Pacific oyster. Photo Credit: Washington State Department of Health ...

Understanding HABs Under Climate Change Requires N...

A new book compiles the current evidence on climate change and toxin producing harmful algal species in aquatic systems. A book chapter, sponsored in part by NCCOS, describes some of ...

Public Reporting Tool Helps Long Island’s Suffolk ...

Brown tides and other harmful algal blooms (HABs) are becoming a recurrent seasonal issue in the coastal waters of New York’s Suffolk County. A NCCOS brown tide research project provided ...

Urea-based Fertilizer Promotes Blue-Green Algal Bl...

Figure 1. The MERHAB Autonomous Research Vessel In-situ (MARVIN) deployed in Sarasota Bay in 2009. Credit FWC. A recent NCCOS-supported study observed that urea inputs into Sarasota Bay, FL influenced ...

National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network Fra...

The National Harmful Algal Bloom Observing Network (NHABON) Framework offers a high-level regional analysis of existing efforts to monitor and forecast harmful algal blooms (HABs) and identifies gaps in observing ...

Reviews of Our Current Understanding of Harmful Di...

In a recently released book on dinoflagellates, three chapters update knowledge of and changing views for the red tide alga Karenia brevis and the estuarine Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates Pfiesteria piscicida and ...

Marine Heatwaves Fuel Harmful Algal Blooms Off US ...

Recreational razor clamming can bring thousands of visitors to the Washington coast. Toxins concentrated in razor clam and Dungeness crab fisheries have caused economic damage to coastal communities. Repeated marine ...

NCCOS Supports Expansion of Red Tide Respiratory F...

This photo, taken while conducting aerial surveys for manatee conservation studies, clearly shows red tide off Florida’s Southwest coastline during the 2017–2019 bloom. Credit: Mote Marine Laboratory’s Manatee Research Program ...

HAB Toxin of Unknown Origin Linked to a Dinoflagel...

Dinophysis norvegica. Credit WHOI. The biological source of Dihydrodinopyhysistoxin-1 (aka dihydro-DTX1), a toxin that causes diarrhetic shellfish poisoning and once described from a marine sponge, is of yet unknown. In ...

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