Projects Explorer

The NCCOS Project Explorer provides a snapshot of our official, discrete lines of research. Filter by research category, region or contact.

Assessing the Geographic Variability in Vulnerability to Climate Change and Coastal Risks in Los Angeles County

Coastal communities are increasingly vulnerable to climate effects, such as sea level rise and coastal erosion. To address these and other changing coastal risks in Los Angeles County, NCCOS researchers extended their Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Framework to this densely populated and highly urbanized region, coupled with further spatial and economic ...
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Assessing the Social and Cultural Importance of Subsistence Salmon in Alaska in the Context of the Natural Resource Damages Assessment Process

We are developing and validating a survey to measure the social and cultural importance of subsistence salmon harvest and use in Alaska. In the event of an oil spill or other hazard, NOAA’s Office of Response and Restoration can use our protocol to assess socio-cultural losses and develop restoration plans ...
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Assessing the Threat of Hypoxia to Coral Reefs

We are examining the impact of low-oxygen (hypoxia) stress on coral reef ecosystems. Coral reefs are in decline, and human-assisted restoration is actively trying to reverse this trend. Our project will help improve the ability of coral reef managers and coral restoration practitioners to identify and understand the effects of ...
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Assessment of Chemical Contaminants in Sediments and Biota from Cocos Lagoon, Guam

Funded by NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP), the goal of this project is to quantify the extent of chemical contamination in sediments and fish in Cocos Lagoon, Guam. Significant chemical contaminant issues have been identified in the area of Cocos Island, as a result of past land use activities ...
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Assessment of Chemical Contaminants in Sediments from the Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve (SARI), St. Croix, USVI

At the request of the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) Department of Planning and Natural Resources and the U.S. National Park Service, NCCOS conducted an assessment of chemical contaminants in the Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve in St. Croix, USVI. Why We Care In 2014, the USVI ...
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Assessment of Dredged Material Created Habitat in the South Atlantic Bight

Summary: We characterized the habitat formed by dredge material disposed in sites designated by the EPA offshore of Fernandina Beach, FL using SCUBA assessments, multibeam mapping, and hydroacoustic sampling of the fish community. The data was used to assess the value of the habitat informing future placement and disposal strategies ...
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Assessment of Hurricane Impacts to Coral Reefs in Florida and Puerto Rico

In 2017, major hurricanes impacted coral reefs in both Florida and Puerto Rico. We quantified these impacts using diver-based surveys, and our information was used to guide targeted emergency stabilization of corals affected by the hurricanes. The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in Florida and the Federal Emergency Management Agency ...
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Assessment of Hydrocarbon Carryover Potential for Six Field Cleaning Protocols

The logistics of sample collection in the field can be very challenging. NOAA’s Office of Response and Restoration requested assistance in determining the potential for oil-based pollution carryover between sampling collections. We studied the efficacy of six commonly used field cleaning protocols on two different sediment types that were contaminated ...
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Assessment of the Beneficial Use of Dredged Sediment to Restore Mordecai Island, New Jersey

Navigation channels across the country require regular maintenance dredging to avoid infilling with sediments and becoming impassible. In an experimental strategy that is often referred to as “beneficial use,” sediments removed during maintenance dredging operations can be used to support the creation and enhancement of local coastal habitats, making these ...
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Assessment of the Short- and Long-term Socioeconomic Impacts of Florida’s 2017-2019 Red Tide Event

This project, funded by NCCOS through the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System, will comprehensively quantify and qualify the short- and long-term socioeconomic impacts of the 2017-2019 Karenia brevis event in Florida. It will also develop a transferable framework to inform national-scale efforts to quantify the socioeconomic impacts and ...
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Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Database: Construction, Documentation and Use

We reviewed published information on the status of Atlantic coastal fish habitats and recorded it in a spatial bibliographic database for the Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Partnership. The results included summaries of habitat condition indicators, threats, and conservation recommendations. Why We Care Commercial and recreational fishing in the Atlantic states ...
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Azaspiracid: An Emerging Algal Toxin

Azaspiracids are a group of toxins first reported in the 1990s in Western European waters and are now reported to occur along both the East and West coasts of North America. While the organism producing these toxins has been identified, the mechanism by which azaspiracids exert their toxic effects remains ...
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Bacterial and Pharmaceutical Pollution from Agricultural Lands in the Chesapeake Bay

We studied how the use of animal waste as fertilizer on agricultural lands might influence the health of surrounding water bodies in the Chesapeake Bay. We analyzed rainwater runoff and receiving waters for the presence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria and pharmaceuticals associated with animal waste fertilizer and detected both in varying ...
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Baseline Assessment of Contaminants and Ecological Resources in Jobos Bay, Puerto Rico

We studied the water contaminant levels in the bay and the coral reef ecosystems just outside to develop a baseline environmental assessment of water quality and living marine resources of Jobos Bay. The bay is home to important marine habitats but is surrounded by farms which can adversely affect water ...
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Baseline Assessment of Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico in Support of Watershed Restoration

We completed a baseline assessment of the environmental conditions in Guanica Bay, Puerto Rico, to help coastal managers identify the most appropriate restoration projects, and their effectiveness, in support of the area’s watershed restoration efforts. We mapped the ocean floor, surveyed the fish and other seafloor creatures, and measured contaminants ...
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Baseline Environmental Assessment off St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands to Evaluate Effectiveness of Watershed Restoration Efforts

Watershed restoration projects are being conducted on St. John, USVI, to improve the health of coral reef ecosystems, create jobs, improve island infrastructure, and obtain a better understanding of the links between terrestrial sediment inputs and habitat condition. To evaluate the effectiveness of these restoration efforts, we conducted an assessment ...
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Benthic Habitat Characterization and Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment of West Coast Sanctuaries

Cordell Bank, Greater Farallones and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuaries harbor diverse communities of deep-water fish, corals and sponges. Corals and sponges associated with groundfish habitat face many threats, including impacts from bottom fishing, ocean warming and ocean acidification. This study provides a baseline characterization of deep-water benthic habitats and ...
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Benthic Habitat Mapping for Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix

Summary: We developed benthic habitat maps for the Buck Island Reef National Monument, north of St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The bathymetry (depth) data we collected was used to update nautical charts in the area, and the related habitat maps we developed are being used by local managers ...
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Benthic Habitat Mapping in American Samoa, Guam, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

NCCOS produced a georeferenced, digital atlas of benthic habitat maps for the shallow-water (< 30m) coral ecosystem habitats around the U.S. Pacific Territories of American Samoa, Guam, and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) The maps support a variety of management applications, including informing resource management decisions, ensuring safe ...
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Benthic Habitat Mapping in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands for a Baseline Inventory

We conducted benthic habitat mapping of shallow-water coral reef areas off Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands to inventory the coral reefs and related bottom types. Before this project, a comprehensive inventory of the shallow-water reefs in these areas did not exist. Such an inventory is needed for successful ...
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Benthic Habitat Mapping of Coral Reefs in Florida, Caribbean, and the Pacific

We are producing benthic seafloor habitat maps to help coastal managers assess, protect, and preserve the condition of coral reef ecosystems. Why We Care Coral reef ecosystems are enormously valuable culturally, ecologically, and economically, but they are declining because of human influences. Our ability to better understand, protect, and improve ...
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NCCOS delivers ecosystem science solutions for stewardship of the nation’s ocean and coastal resources to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies.

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