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Projects

Improving Application of Marsh Predictions under S...

Coastal marshes support communities and economies by providing protection from storm surge and habitat for valuable species and recreation. To preserve these benefits, managers need short- and long-term estimates of ...
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Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and D...

We are supporting a large-scale research project to predict how shoreline development interacts with other stresses to change coastal ecosystems and the species that live in them. Research findings apply ...
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Keeping it in the System: Beneficial Use of Dredge...

We are developing a framework and process for matching dredging needs with opportunities for beneficial use of the sediment at local marshes, to help marshes keep up with sea level ...
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Mapping Coastal Elevations and Water Depths Using ...

Many organizations need imagery, and elevation and depth data to effectively manage our nation’s coastlines. However, coastal areas are expensive and challenging to map using conventional technologies. Here, we are ...
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Restoring Injured Seagrass Beds with New Methods f...

Vessel groundings in shallow waters can damage fragile seagrass habitats, sometimes permanently. We are conducting scientific studies to assess new intervention methods of sediment re-grading and nutrient fertilization to accelerate ...
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Scientific Support for Mesophotic and Deep Benthic...

We are working on a collaborative set of projects to better understand and restore mesophotic and deep benthic communities in the Gulf of Mexico impacted by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon ...
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Supporting Redesign of Battleship NORTH CAROLINA P...

In response to repeated nuisance flooding events that have impacted operations and visitor access at the Battleship NORTH CAROLINA Park, NCCOS scientists are supporting park mangers in their efforts to ...
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Testing Feasibility of Directly Seeding Oyster Ree...

We are testing the feasibility of "direct setting," a new method for seeding oyster reefs. Traditional reef seeding in areas with low natural-recruitment uses hatchery-produced juvenile oysters attached to cultch ...
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Tracking Fish Populations and Movements to Support...

We are studying the effect of watershed restoration on fish communities and their movements in mangrove estuaries in southwest Florida. Our goals are to compare fish movements and populations across ...
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Using Uncrewed Aircraft Systems, Machine Learning,...

Marine debris injures and kills marine life, interferes with navigation safety, and poses a threat to human health. We are investigating and codifying a process to detect and identify marine ...
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News

Machine Learning Collaboration Yields New Methods ...

A high-resolution UAS image taken at Neptune Bay, Oregon, by OSU researchers and labeled by a machine learning algorithm. Marine debris is a global issue that threatens our environment, navigation ...
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Researchers Estimate Flood Protection Benefits of ...

Divers cache coral fragments for emergency stabilization in Puerto Rico. Credit: NOAA. In 2017, coral reefs buffered Florida and Puerto Rico from Hurricanes Irma and Maria, but were severely damaged ...
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Swan Island Restoration Effort Featured in Enginee...

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Engineering With Nature® Initiative held an international virtual book launch ceremony on April 7, 2021 to celebrate the release of Engineering With Nature: ...
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New Report Evaluates Benefits of Using Dredged Sed...

Mordecai Island, NJ and the developed shoreline looking south. The study area is in the center of the picture. Credit R. Giannelli, NOAA NCCOS. NCCOS scientists have released the results ...
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NOAA Supports Development of a Universal Guide for...

As coral reefs continue to degrade globally, there is an increasing need for preservation and restoration of these valuable coastal resources. As coral restoration efforts continue to increase and scale ...
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Marsh Food Web Research Informs Coastal Land Resto...

With funding from NOAA’s RESTORE Science Program, administered by NCCOS, researchers from Louisiana State University and six other universities are working to understand how Louisiana’s river diversion and marsh creation ...
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Researchers Survey Living Shoreline at NCCOS Lab i...

A riprap-sill "living shoreline" on Pivers Island in Beaufort, North Carolina, home of the NCCOS Beaufort Lab and the Duke University Marine Lab. Credit: Carolyn Currin, NOAA NCCOS. NCCOS scientists, ...
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NCCOS Supports 'Living With Water' Resilience Proj...

The Battleship NORTH CAROLINA and the adjacent flood-prone visitor parking lot. The Battleship is currently surrounded by a cofferdam for ongoing hull refurbishment. Credit Ryan Giannelli, NOAA NCCOS. NCCOS scientists ...
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The Effect of Sand Fencing on the Structure of Nat...

Sand fencing on Bogue Banks, NC. Photo: NOAA Figure 1. A conceptual model of the processes that influence dune formation of a fenced seaward dune in front of an existing ...
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NOAA and USGS Release Follow-up Report on the Deve...

NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the RESTORE Council have released the second of seven reports ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Feeding by Bluefish and Weakfish along Riprap-Hardened Shorelines: Comparisons with Adjacent Sandy Beach in Delaware Bay, USA

Shoreline hardening alters the morphology of the intertidal zone and has been shown to impact various measures of shore zone habitat quality. Diet composition and stomach fullness of two predatory fishes, the Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix and Weakfish Cynoscion regalis, were ...
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Fish and Blue Crab Density along a Riprap-Sill-Hardened Shoreline: Comparisons with Spartina Marsh and Riprap

Wetland managers have historically considered riprap-sill structures (a type of “living shoreline” consisting of a rock sill that is placed low in the intertidal zone, with native vegetation planted between the sill and the shore) to be more ecologically sound ...
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Growth and Movements of Mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) Along Armored and Vegetated Estuarine Shorelines

Alteration of estuarine shorelines associated with increased urbanization can significantly impact biota and food webs. This study determined the impact of shoreline alteration on growth and movement of the estuarine fish Fundulus heteroclitus in a tributary of the Delaware Coastal ...
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Habitat Affects Survival of Translocated Bay Scallops, Argopecten irradians concentricus (Say 1822), in Lower Chesapeake Bay

Bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) populations existed in Chesapeake Bay until 1933, when they declined dramatically due to a loss of seagrass habitat. Since then, there have been no documented populations within the Bay. However, some anecdotal observations of live bay ...
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Impact of Armored Shorelines on Shore-Zone Fish Density in a Mid-Atlantic, USA, Estuary: Modulation by Hypoxia and Temperature

Anthropogenic modifications of estuarine environments, including shoreline hardening and corresponding alteration of water quality, are accelerating worldwide as human population increases in coastal regions. Estuarine fish species inhabiting temperate ecosystems are adapted to extreme variations in environmental conditions including water ...
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In Situ Effects of Shoreline Type and Watershed Land Use on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Quality in the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) is an ecologically and economically valuable component of coastal estuaries that acts as an early indicator of both degrading and improving water quality. This study aimed to determine if shoreline hardening, which is associated with increased ...
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Integrating Regional Management Needs into a Mid-Atlantic Shorelines Research Projects

We provide an example of how one estuarine research project engaged regional managers to help guide the research towards the needs of managers and policymakers dealing with shoreline management in the Mid-Atlantic region of the USA. Elements of the approach ...
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Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?

Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation of artificial structures – associated with (1) the exponential growth ...
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Land Use and Salinity Drive Changes in SAV Abundance and Community Composition

Conserving and restoring submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) are key management goals for estuaries worldwide because SAV integrates many aspects of water quality and provides a wide range of ecosystem services. Management strategies are typically focused on aggregated abundance of several ...
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Linking the Abundance of Estuarine Fish and Crustaceans in Nearshore Waters to Shoreline Hardening and Land Cover

Human alteration of land cover (e.g., urban and agricultural land use) and shoreline hardening (e.g., bulkheading and rip rap revetment) are intensifying due to increasing human populations and sea level rise. Fishes and crustaceans that are ecologically and economically valuable ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

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