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News

NOAA RESTORE Science Program Announces Next Federa...

This funding competition invites applications that propose to identify, track, understand, or predict trends and variability in the Gulf of Mexico’s living coastal and marine resources and the processes driving ...

Melting Antarctic Sea Ice Threatens Minke Whales (...

The Antarctic Peninsula is warming at rates much greater than the rest of the planet, leading to large losses of sea ice, prime habitat for minke whales. Tiny, shrimp-like crustaceans ...

Stakeholder Focus Groups Improve Communication of ...

Coastlines are composed of marshes, barrier islands, estuaries, and other environments that are ecologically, socially, and economically important. Coastal flooding is increasing in regularity and magnitude with increasing sea level ...

Living Shorelines in Chesapeake Bay Improve Benthi...

[a] Before-after control-impact [BACI] study locations in the upper (Windy Hill) and lower (Lynnhaven) Chesapeake Bay, USA. At Windy Hill: [b] aerial view of the living shoreline just after construction ...

Model Shows Ocean Acidification Could Outweigh Fis...

A new study, supported by NCCOS and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, examined a variety of marine ecosystems from the tropics to the arctic under different environmental conditions and management practices ...

Shoreline Hardening and Development Hurts Shorebir...

A new NCCOS-sponsored study shows that using artificial structures to protect coastal land and property from the sea can harm water birds. The research, conducted in Chesapeake Bay and published ...

NCCOS Helps Bridge Divide Between Science and Mana...

A shoreline hardened with riprap (rubble). Credit: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Scientists want their research to be helpful to managers and policymakers. However, this wish does not always translate to ...

NCCOS Research Highlighted at Ocean Sciences Meeti...

NCCOS research featured prominently at last month's Ocean Sciences Meeting in Portland, Oregon. The biennial conference promotes scientific exchanges across a broad spectrum of marine science disciplines, as well as ...

New Citizen Science Water Level Application Availa...

A citizen science application to report water levels is available online, anyone can submit a water level report from their mobile device. This application collects photographs and associated GPS locations of water levels. For example, elevated ...

Living Shoreline Research featured in Estuaries an...

The journal Estuaries and Coasts highlighted several papers from the NCCOS project “Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and Delmarva Bay Ecosystems” in a special virtual issue. Virtual Issues collect ...

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Data & Publications

Risks of ocean acidification in the California Current food web and fisheries: ecosystem model projections

The benefits and ecosystem services that humans derive from the oceans are threatened by numerous global change stressors, one of which is ocean acidification. Here, we describe the effects of ocean acidification on an upwelling system that already experiences inherently ...

Seafood Prices Reveal Impacts of a Major Ecological Disturbance

Coastal hypoxia (dissolved oxygen ? 2 mg/L) is a growing problem worldwide that threatens marine ecosystem services, but little is known about economic effects on fisheries. Here, we provide evidence that hypoxia causes economic impacts on a major fishery. Ecological ...

Sediment Flux Modeling: Calibration and application for coastal systems

Benthic–pelagic coupling in shallow estuarine and coastal environments is an important mode of particle and solute exchange and can influence lag times in the recovery of eutrophic ecosystems. Links between the water column and sediments are mediated by particulate organic ...

Sediment quality benchmarks for assessing oil-related impacts to the deep-sea benthos

Paired sediment contaminant and benthic infaunal data from prior studies following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico were analyzed using logistic regression models (LRMs) to derive sediment quality benchmarks for assessing risks of oil‐related ...

Shoreline Hardening Affects Nekton Biomass, Size Structure, and Taxonomic Diversity in Nearshore Waters, with Responses Mediated by Functional Species Groups

Coastal shoreline hardening is intensifying due to human population growth and sea level rise. Prior studies have emphasized shoreline-hardening effects on faunal abundance and diversity; few have examined effects on faunal biomass and size structure or described effects specific to ...

Simulating the effects of phosphorus limitation in the Mississippi and Atchafalaya River plumes

The continental shelf of the northern Gulf of Mexico receives high dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus loads from the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers. The nutrient load results in high primary production in the river plumes and contributes to the development ...

Skill assessment of a hydrodynamic model of circulation over the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf

A numerical hydrodynamic simulation of the Texas-Louisiana continental shelf circulation is compared with hydrographic and moored observations of temperature, salinity, and current velocity. The spatial and temporal structure of the model error suggests that the model is able to reproduce ...

Small Spatial Scale Variation in Fish Assemblage Structure in the Vicinity of the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Zone

Seasonal hypoxia [dissolved oxygen (DO)???2 mg?l?1] occurs over large regions of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico continental shelf during the summer months (June–August) as a result of nutrient enrichment from the Mississippi–Atchafalaya River system. We characterized the community structure of ...

Spatial analysis of toxic or otherwise bioactive cyanobacterial peptides in Green Bay, Lake Michigan

Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cyanoHABs) are a growing problem in freshwater systems worldwide. CyanoHABs are well documented in Green Bay, Lake Michigan but little is known about cyanoHAB toxicity. This study characterized the diversity and spatial distribution of toxic or ...

Spatial and temporal characterization of water quality at Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge

Coastal stewardship involves recognizing important aspects of landscape function in order to identify and mitigate impacts affecting the sustainability of ecosystems and communities. In collaboration with the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), NOAA's National Ocean Service has worked to ...

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