New Research Defines Origin and Dynamic Behavior of Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
Reducing the size of the widespread area of hypoxia (low oxygen) in the northern Gulf of Mexico—known as the “Dead Zone”—represents one of the nation’s crucial water management challenges. Recent NCCOS-sponsored research has led to the development of a powerful new tool to dynamically assess hypoxia formation and its response to key physical and biological drivers.
Dr. Dubravko Justic from Louisiana State University has coupled two models, incorporating surface winds, tides, currents, heat, oxygen, solar radiation, and freshwater and nutrient fluxes from the Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers. The resulting tool indicates that hypoxia originates in bottom waters on the mid-continental shelf and goes through a seasonal cycle, with intermittent episodes during May and June, persistence during July and August, and dissipation during September. These results point to short-term variability in the extent of hypoxic bottom waters, such as from cold fronts and tropical storms, indicating that the size of the mid-summer hypoxic zone may not be adequately captured by a single, shelf-wide sampling cruise (the current approach).
NCCOS is working with NOAA’s Integrated Ocean Observing System Program, the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System, and other Gulf partners to achieve the needed resolution in hypoxia data by adding autonomous underwater vehicle (“glider”) missions to the existing long-term, monitoring program.
The study is published in the journal Continental Shelf Research.
For more information, contact David.Scheurer@noaa.gov.