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Projects

Implementing the Karenia “Tricorder” to Improve Re...

The toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis blooms annually in the Gulf of Mexico and negatively impacts human and ecosystem health through production of brevetoxins. A rapid, sensitive, specific assay for the ...
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Integrating Cell and Toxin Cycles of the Dinoflage...

Blooms of Karlodinium veneficum can produce fish-killing toxins called karlotoxins. Toxicity varies over time, with karlotoxins increasing prior to blooms and under growth-limiting conditions. We are testing the theory that ...
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Interannual Variability of PSP Toxicity in Eastern...

The Gulf of Maine is impacted annually by Alexandrium fundyense blooms which can result in paralytic shellfish poisoning. Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) leads to significant economic impacts. The paralytic shellfish ...
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Life and Death of a Karenia Bloom in the Western G...

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are increasing in frequency and pose a threat to human and environmental health. Blooms of Karenia brevis occur nearly annually along the Florida coast which has ...
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Life and Death of Karenia brevis Blooms in the Eas...

An extensive bloom of the brevetoxin-producing Karenia brevis occurred from 2017 to 2019 in Florida. The economic, environmental, and human health impacts were quite severe during this event. This regional ...
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Linking Biogeochemistry to Harmful Algal Bloom Nut...

The Long Island Brown Tide (LIBT) threatens shellfish and sea grasses in mid-Atlantic estuaries. LIBT-specific gene expression assays are being developed and tested for enzymes and transporters that allow LIBT ...
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Microcystins in Bivalves: Optimizing of Monitoring...

This project addresses an emerging concern across the US - the transfer of freshwater algal toxins into the marine environment where they can infiltrate the food web and present a ...
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Multidisciplinary Approach to a Cross-Regional Pro...

Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) has emerged as a significant and expanding seafood safety threat in coastal regions across the United States. The harmful algal species Dinophysis produces toxins known to ...
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Oceanographic and Cellular Controls on Domoic Acid...

Domoic acid is a neurotoxin produced by some diatoms in the genus Pseudo-nitzschia. Domoic acid can accumulate in shellfish and fish, and cause illness or death in humans, marine mammals, ...
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Portable Toxin Detection Technology to Support Gre...

This project improves the rapid detection of cyanotoxins in the field to provide managers with timely information on risk and minimize exposure to stakeholders. The team will pilot use of ...
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News

Study Identifies Causes of Toledo’s Unprecedented ...

Aerial view of the 2017 cyanobacteria bloom at the mouth of the Maumee River, Toledo, Ohio. Credit: NOAA. On September 20, 2017, an unprecedented cyanobacteria bloom was reported in the ...
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Virtual Training Workshop Instructs Volunteers on ...

A virtual workshop was convened at Bowling Green State University (BGSU), on July 23, 2020 to train regional stakeholder and volunteer groups in the operation of MBio Diagnostic’s LightDeck technology-based ...
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NCCOS Research Explores New Approaches to Decoding...

A brown tide bloom in Great South Bay, Long Island, NY .Credit: Dr. Chris Gobler, Stony Brook University. Brown tides, caused by the algal species Aureococcus anophagefferens, have been plaguing ...
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Nanobubble Ozone Technology Shown to Eliminate Inv...

An independent quality control testing laboratory has validated NCCOS research findings on nanobubble ozone technology (NBOT), confirming it is highly effective in controlling algae, bacteria, and motile zooplankton in ship ...
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New Research Raises Questions About How, Where Cya...

Cyanobacteria bloom in Maumee Bay, near Toldeo, Ohio, July 2015. Credit: Toldeo Aerial Media. New NCCOS-funded research shows that microbes in the water column may not play a primary role ...
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NCCOS Publishes Findings on 2013 Karenia mikimotoi...

Karenia mikimotoi is a toxic dinoflagellate alga with a cosmopolitan distribution and is a commonly reported red tide species. Blooms of K. mikimotoi have caused large fish and benthic invertebrate ...
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NOAA Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom Early Season Pr...

Western Lake Erie is expected to experience a lower than average harmful algal bloom (HAB) this summer, according to the 2020 Lake Erie Harmful Algal Bloom Early Season Projection issued ...
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Citizen Science and the Big Picture

To really understand the nature of ecosystems and quantify the impacts of disturbance to their function, we must collect as much data as possible. The clearer the picture the better ...
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NCCOS Research Provides Scientific Foundation for ...

A recent U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) ruling found that pollution discharge into groundwater from a Maui County (HI) sewage treatment plant (County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund) fueled macroalgal ...
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