Coastal Aquaculture Siting and Sustainability
The National Ocean Service (NOS) works to provide science-based solutions through collaborative partnerships to address evolving economic, environmental, and social pressures on our oceans and coasts. Coastal aquaculture is an industry that is growing at an unprecedented rate, creating challenges for spatial planning and environmental management in our Nation's coastal areas. Aquaculture is viewed as the means to meet a growing seafood demand as wild fish stocks decline from overfishing, pollution, and habitat loss. It has become the fastest growing food production sector in the U.S. with an average annual growth in sales of domestic marine aquaculture product of 13 percent per year from 2007-2011. For many coastal communities, aquaculture promises economic development, revitalization of working waterfronts, and a more resilient coastal landscape. Our suite of aquaculture products and services are uniquely positioned to provide guidance for environmentally sustainable coastal aquaculture planning and development in the coastal zone.
Why is this important?
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Our appetite for safe and nutritious seafood products is outpacing the global seafood supply. To help satisfy this demand, the US is increasing its aquaculture production. NOAA is committed to supporting an aquaculture industry that is economically sustainable and environmentally and socially responsible [NOAA Aquaculture Policy].
American expertise and innovation play a significant role in the evolution of aquaculture technology for production of valuable fish, shellfish, and other aquatic organisms. While the opportunity for marine aquaculture development is great, industry growth has been constrained by competition among user groups for space and resources and concerns about environmental impacts.
Our Focus Areas:
Assessment of protected species (marine mammals, sea turtles, and birds) interactions with marine aquaculture around the globe.
This state of science analysis provides information for environmental assessments and consultations for aquaculture permitting.
Contributing Partners: NOAA NOS NCCOS
Visualize seascape from various types of coastal development using your photographs and the CanVis library.
Use the aquaculture library to create visions by adding to your seascape aquaculture.
Contributing Partners: NOAA OCM, NOAA NCCOS, USDA National Agroforestry Center
Supplies baseline ocean planning information.
Download and visualize various type of coastal planning data including spatial data for the Nation’s aquaculture industry (search for the “aquaculture” layer).
Contributing Partners: BOEM, NOAA OCM
To learn more about NCCOS Aquaculture, contact James.Morris@noaa.gov. To keep up with aquaculture news and projects underway search "aquaculture" on the NCCOS Projects Explorer.