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News

NCCOS Participates in Review of Maryland Sea Grant...

Chesapeake Bay marsh. Credit: Maryland Sea Grant. Earlier this month, NCOOS Cooperative Oxford Lab Director, Suzanne Skelley, and NCCOS scientist, Suzanne Bricker, participated in the NOAA National Sea Grant College Program 2018 ...
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NCCOS Modeling Work Shines at NOAA’s Unified Gener...

NOAA’s first unified General Modeling Meeting and Fair held September 10-12, 2018, at the Center for Weather and Climate Prediction in College Park, MD, featured the modeling and forecasting work ...
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NCCOS Funds $6.8M for New and Continuing Harmful A...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is pleased to announce support for 28 new and continuing harmful algal bloom (HAB) research awards in 2018. These awards, totaling $6.8M, ...
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Cooperative Oxford Laboratory Hosts Geosciences St...

UMES Geosciences Bridge Program students at the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory competing in building the least expensive buoy that will hold the most payload. Credit: NOAA The NCCOS Cooperative Oxford Laboratory ...
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RDML Gallaudet Explores NCCOS Cooperative Oxford L...

Aboard the R/V Chesapeake at theCo-Operative Oxford Lab during RDML Galluadet’s May 15, 2018 visit (l to r): Mr. Jason Spires, Dr. A.K. Leight, Dr. Steve Thur, Mr. Brandon Elsner, ...
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NCCOS Oxford Lab and Coast Guard Partner in Earth ...

Staff from NCCOS and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, co-located at the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory (COL) in Oxford, Maryland, partnered with U.S. Coast Guard Station Oxford personnel in a ...
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Living Shorelines in Chesapeake Bay Improve Benthi...

[a] Before-after control-impact [BACI] study locations in the upper (Windy Hill) and lower (Lynnhaven) Chesapeake Bay, USA. At Windy Hill: [b] aerial view of the living shoreline just after construction ...
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Shoreline Hardening and Development Hurts Shorebir...

A new NCCOS-sponsored study shows that using artificial structures to protect coastal land and property from the sea can harm water birds. The research, conducted in Chesapeake Bay and published ...
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NCCOS Helps Bridge Divide Between Science and Mana...

A shoreline hardened with riprap (rubble). Credit: Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Scientists want their research to be helpful to managers and policymakers. However, this wish does not always translate to ...
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NCCOS and University of Maryland Evaluate Sustaina...

NCCOS scientist Suzanne Bricker and University of Maryland's Matt Parker, Aquaculture Business Specialist, will present findings on sustainable oyster aquaculture at the Aquaculture America 2018) Conference in Las Vegas, Nevada ...
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Data & Publications

Potential climate-change impacts on the Chesapeake Bay

We review current understanding of the potential impact of climate change on the Chesapeake Bay. Scenarios for CO2 emissions indicate that by the end of the 21st century the Bay region will experience significant changes in climate forcings with respect ...
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Sediment Flux Modeling: Calibration and application for coastal systems

Benthic–pelagic coupling in shallow estuarine and coastal environments is an important mode of particle and solute exchange and can influence lag times in the recovery of eutrophic ecosystems. Links between the water column and sediments are mediated by particulate organic ...
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Synthesis in estuarine and coastal ecological research: What is it, why is it important and how do we teach it?

During the last two decades, there has been growing interest in the integration of existing ideas and data to produce new synthetic models and hypotheses leading to discovery and advancement in estuarine and coastal science. This essay offers an integrated ...
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Temporal responses of coastal hypoxia to nutrient loading and physical controls

The incidence and intensity of hypoxic waters in coastal aquatic ecosystems has been expanding in recent decades coincident with eutrophication of the coastal zone. Worldwide, there is strong interest in reducing the size and duration of hypoxia in coastal waters, ...
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The competing impacts of climate change and nutrient reductions on dissolved oxygen in Chesapeake Bay

The Chesapeake Bay region is projected to experience changes in temperature, sea level, and precipitation as a result of climate change. This research uses an estuarine-watershed hydrodynamic–biogeochemical modeling system along with projected mid-21st-century changes in temperature, freshwater flow, and sea ...
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The metabolism of aquatic ecosystems: History, applications, and future challenges

Measurements of the production and consumption of organic material have been a focus of aquatic science for more than 80 years. Over the last century, a variety of approaches have been developed and employed for measuring rates of gross primary ...
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The role of winter-spring wind and other factors controlling summer hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay

We examined the processes influencing summer hypoxia in the mainstem portion of Chesapeake Bay. The analysis was based on the Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program data collected between 1985 and 2007. Self-organizing map (SOM) analysis indicates that bottom water dissolved oxygen ...
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Two new karlotoxins found in Karlodinium veneficum (strain GM2) from the East China Sea

The dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum is a harmful algal bloom species with a worldwide distribution. This small athecate dinoflagellate makes a family of polyketide toxins that are hemolytic, cytotoxic and ichthyotoxic. The first chemical structure for karlotoxins from East China Sea ...
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Variability of biogeochemical processes and physical transport in a partially stratified estuary: a box-modeling analysis

Regional, seasonal, and interannual variations of freshwater inputs, biogeochemical transformations, and pelagic-benthic interactions were examined in the Patuxent River estuary. Monthly rates of net biogeochemical production (or consumption) and physical transport of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients were calculated for 6 ...
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Wind-driven lateral circulation in a stratified estuary and its effects on the along-channel flow

In the stratified rotating estuary of Chesapeake Bay, the Ekman transport drives a counterclockwise lateral circulation under down?estuary winds and a clockwise lateral circulation under up?estuary winds (looking into estuary). The clockwise circulation is about twice as strong as the ...
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