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Products & Data

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Projects

Ecological Assessment to Support NOAA’s Choptank C...

We synthesized biological, chemical, and physical data from six watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay to assess impacts of land use on aquatic ecosystem health. The findings from this study are ...
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Ecosystem Based Management: An Analysis of Nationa...

Ecosystem based management (EBM) is a holistic, adaptive approach to developing policies that ensure ecosystem sustainability, food and water security, and improve human health outcomes for future generations. Informed by ...
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Eutrophication and Oyster Aquaculture in the Patux...

Eutrophication is the overabundance of nutrients in a body of water that results in harmful algal blooms, fish kills, and in some cases ecosystem collapse. We are investigating the feasibility ...
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Evaluating the Efficacy of Island Restoration and ...

We are assessing how the effort to restore the footprint of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay with dunes and dredged sediments is affecting ecosystems that surround the island and the ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecasting

Our offshore HAB forecasts notify coastal managers before blooms reach the coast. Our forecasts identify harmful blooms, location, size and trajectory. Our early warnings provide health officials, managers and water ...
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Integrating Cell and Toxin Cycles of the Dinoflage...

Blooms of Karlodinium veneficum can produce fish-killing toxins called karlotoxins. Toxicity varies over time, with karlotoxins increasing prior to blooms and under growth-limiting conditions. We are testing the theory that ...
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Land Use and Ecosystem Health: Decision-making Too...

We are studying how land-use decisions affect the health of an area’s ecosystem. We are building models that show the consequences of land-use choices on the Chesapeake Bay health and ...
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Mitigating Microcystis in the Chesapeake Bay

Chitosan, a natural compound, is added to concentrations of local sediments and commercial clays to control harmful algal blooms. We are studying the impacts of this mitigation technique on natural ...
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News

Climate-induced Wind Upwelling Could Further Acidi...

A NCCOS and NOAA Ocean Acidification Program sponsored study investigated how physical properties such as winds, tides, and currents impact estuarine acidification and carbonate chemistry in the Chesapeake Bay estuary, ...
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Reviews of Our Current Understanding of Harmful Di...

In a recently released book on dinoflagellates, three chapters update knowledge of and changing views for the red tide alga Karenia brevis and the estuarine Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates Pfiesteria piscicida and ...
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Shoreline Armoring Promotes Spread of Invasive Ree...

A stand of Phragmites australis. Credit USDA. An NCCOS-funded study found that shoreline armoring in Chesapeake Bay promotes the spread of the invasive common reed (Phragmites australis) by stimulating greater ...
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Annual Maryland Shellfish Aquaculture Conference H...

Oyster farmers in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, 2016. Credit: NOAA. NCCOS's Dr. Suzanne Bricker helped organize, and participated in, the 2020 Maryland Shellfish Aquaculture Conference, held online last week as a ...
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Effects of Sea Level Rise Program Awards $2.2 Mill...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is allocating over $2.2M in Fiscal Year 2020 to fund coastal resilience research across the nation. Approximately $589K will cover the first ...
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NCCOS, USACE Collaborations Highlighted in New Eng...

Top: Aerial view of Swan Island in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, following placement of approximately 60,000 cubic yards of dredged sediment; placement completed in April 2019. Bottom: Taken in August 2020, ...
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NCCOS Vibrio Predictive Models (Story Map)

ESRI Story Map on Vibrio Predictive Models. Credit G. Messick, NOAA A story map has been created to describe the different Vibrio Predictive Models produced by NCCOS. These predictive models ...
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NCCOS Chesapeake Bay Aquaculture Ecosystem Service...

The Chesapeake Community Research Symposium 2020 took place virtually from June 8-10, 2020. Credit Chesapeake Research Consortium. A recent conference brought together managers, scientists, and stakeholders for a series of ...
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NCCOS Forecast Predicts Occurrence of Pathogenic V...

Vibrio vulnificus model results for Chesapeake Bay, June 17, 2020. Credit: NOAA. In 2019, NOAA released a new forecast capability which shows public health officials in Maryland and Virginia when ...
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Underwater Grasses Can Improve the Acid Balance in...

Surface view of the Vallisneria americana SAV beds at Susquehanna Flats. a broad, tidal freshwater region located near the mouth of the Susquehanna River at the head of the Chesapeake ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Effects of Nutrient Enrichment In the Nation’s Estuaries: A Decade of Change

The National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment (NEEA) is a tool for evaluating both current eutrophic condition and the effectiveness of management actions aimed at reducing eutrophic condition. Eutrophication is caused by excess nutrients and is expressed by symptoms such as increased ...
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Effects of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River discharge on planktonic community respiration in the East China Sea

Planktonic communities tend to flourish on the western margins of the East China Sea (ECS) fueled by substrates delivered largely from the Changjiang River, the fifth largest river in the world. To study the effects of the Changjiang River discharge ...
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Effects of Winds on stratification and circulation in a partially mixed estuary

Numerical experiments are conducted to investigate how axial winds affect stratification and circulation in the partially mixed estuary of Chesapeake Bay. In the absence of rotational effects, stratification in the estuary decreases following both down?estuary and up?estuary winds, but stratification ...
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Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Erratum to: Synthesis in estuarine and coastal ecological research

A caveat in the concluding section of our paper states that it would be impossible to provide a comprehensive sample of synthesis case studies that reflects all the major research areas in estuarine and coastal science. In retrospect, however, we ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)

This is the Mid-Atlantic regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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Evaluating confidence in the impact of regulatory nutrient reduction on Chesapeake Bay water quality

Excess nutrients derived from anthropogenic activity have resulted in the degradation of coastal water quality and an increase in low-oxygen and hypoxic events worldwide. In an effort to curb these impacts and restore water quality in the Chesapeake Bay, a ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom Forecasting Branch Ocean Color Satellite Imagery Processing Guidelines

The Harmful Algal Bloom - Forecasting Branch (HAB-FB) is a research group within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) tasked with forecasting and monitoring HABs. One of the more effective ways to ...
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Hypoxia-induced shifts in nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in Chesapeake Bay

We investigated interactions between hypoxia and nutrient cycling in Chesapeake Bay using quantitative analysis of long?term monitoring data covering the periods 1965?1980 and 1985?2007. The data included vertical water column profiles of temperature, salinity, NH+4, PO3?4, and O2, as well ...
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General Pages

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NOAA Internship Opportunities

Education and Outreach Volunteer Internship (Offic...

The Education and Outreach volunteer will be a member of the Education and Outreach Division, working primarily with the national education coordinator and the national outreach coordinator. As a member ...
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National Marine Sanctuary System Institutional His...

The Marine Protection Research and Sanctuaries Act was signed into law in 1972. The resulting National Marine Sanctuary System (NMSS) currently consists of 14 marine protected areas that encompass more ...
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Using GIS to Communicate the Benefits and Outcomes...

Background: The NOAA Coastal Science Board is tasked with developing scientific collaboration across NOS, and assisting with determining the direction and priorities of NOS' scientific portfolio. It is comprised of ...
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