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Projects

Evaluation of Mitigation Strategies for Harmful Al...

We will assess the potential economic benefits of mitigation strategies for harmful algal blooms in the Dungeness crab fishery along the U.S. West Coast. Why We Care In 2015, the ...
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Exploring Ecosystem and Community Vulnerability to...

We will identify the roles of natural and nature-based features and conventional infrastructure in controlling coastal flood hazards in the face of sea level rise. Our project will focus on ...
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Fast Tool to Detect Toxic Shellfish

The marine food source and livelihood of tribes and communities along the Pacific coast are threatened by Pseudo-nitzschia blooms that produce domoic acid, a potent neurotoxin. To provide remote communities ...
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Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics (GLOBEC) Northeas...

Northeast Pacific fisheries of salmon, halibut, cod, perch, walleye pollock, rockfish and king crab are the largest U.S. commercial fisheries. From 1996 to 2008, NCCOS partnered with the National Science ...
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Hand-held Sensor for Domoic Acid Poisoning of Mari...

The algal toxin domoic acid (DA) poisons hundreds of marine mammals each year. Presently, first responders do not have access to sensors capable of rapidly and accurately monitoring DA for ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecasting

Our offshore HAB forecasts notify coastal managers before blooms reach the coast. Our forecasts identify harmful blooms, location, size and trajectory. Our early warnings provide health officials, managers and water ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom Community Technology Accelerat...

The project team will establish a California regional hub for harmful algal bloom data, technology, and knowledge transfer, and then expand or export these technological tools to other regions on ...
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How Will Changing Temperature and Oxygen Condition...

We are supporting the application of coastal ocean models to determine the vulnerability of important species to changing temperature and oxygen in the California Current. This will enable coastal managers ...
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Improving Tools for Monitoring Multiple HAB Toxins...

The impacts of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) toxins are an emerging public health and environmental issue in brackish and marine ecosystems, yet coastal harmful algal bloom (HAB) monitoring programs to date ...
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News

Study Identifies Barriers, Opportunities for Benef...

A new NOAA-funded study outlines systemic changes that could be made in Southern California to encourage beneficial reuse of sediment to support coastal resilience. Sediment management is increasingly important as ...
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Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for Los An...

King tide at Malibu Surfrider Beach. Credit: California King Tides Project. Coastal communities are increasingly vulnerable to climate effects, such as sea level rise and coastal erosion. In an effort ...
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NCCOS Spatial Science Will Inform National Aquacul...

A presidential Executive Order signed in May 2020, Promoting American Seafood Competitiveness and Economic Growth, establishes NOAA as the lead agency on aquaculture in federal waters, and calls for establishment ...
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Oxygen Loss and Ecosystem Impacts in the Californi...

Aerobic habitat compression for anchovy. Aerobic habitat compression in 2100 compared to 2000. Areas in red will lose the most habitat suitable for anchovy. Circles are anchovy observations, with larger ...
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'Acidification' Causes Crumbling of Deep-sea Coral...

A new study shows that the waters off the California coast are a natural laboratory for observing the effects of ocean acidification on cold-water coral reefs. California’s ocean waters have ...
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NCCOS Funds Investigation of Bioluminescent Red Ti...

A surfer rides a bioluminescent wave from a bloom of L. polyedra. Credit: Dr. Michael Latz, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science awarded $16,000 in ...
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Incorporating Natural Processes into Stormwater In...

Aerial photo of La Paz, Mexico in October, 1976 after precipitation and runoff from Hurricane Liza caused the Arroyo El Cajoncito to tear through a protective levee, sending fast moving ...
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Co-occurrence of Different HAB Toxins Detected in ...

NCCOS-sponsored research has documented the presence of three harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins at seven different locations, about 18 to 33 miles apart, off the coast of southern California. All ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Environmental toxicology data collected by the National Status and Trends Program for monitoring contaminants in coastal United States marine water bodies from 01 Jan 1960 to 05 May 2010 (NODC Accession 0074376)

The National Status and Trends Program is comprised of three nationwide programs: Benthic Surveillance, Mussel Watch, and Bioeffects. These programs are in place to observe estuarine and coastal waters nationwide to describe the current status and detect changes in the ...
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Estimates of the Direct Effect of Seawater pH on the Survival Rate of Species Groups in the California Current Ecosystem

Ocean acidification (OA) has the potential to restructure ecosystems due to variation in species sensitivity to the projected changes in ocean carbon chemistry. Ecological models can be forced with scenarios of OA to help scientists, managers, and other stakeholders understand ...
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Estuarine Living Marine Resources: West Coast regional distribution and abundance (NCEI Accession 0161540)

This is the West Coast regional component of NOAA?s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent ...
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Estuarine salinity zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)

These unprojected (geographic coordinates) 3-Zone Average Annual Salinity Digital Geographies are based on analysis of long-term salinity data for 147 estuaries of the contiguous United States. Each estuary is subdivided into three zones between the head(s) of tide, and the ...
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Extending Vulnerability Assessment to Include Life Stages Considerations

Species are experiencing a suite of novel stressors from anthropogenic activities that have impacts at multiple scales. Vulnerability assessment is one tool to evaluate the likely impacts that these stressors pose to species so that high-vulnerability cases can be identified ...
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Growth and feeding of deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa from the California margin under simulated ocean acidification conditions

The global decrease in seawater pH known as ocean acidification has important ecological consequences and is an imminent threat for numerous marine organisms. Even though the deep sea is generally considered to be a stable environment, it can be dynamic ...
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Guidelines for Bathymetric Mapping and Orthoimage Generation using sUAS and SfM, An Approach for Conducting Nearshore Coastal Mapping

The absence of accurate, contemporary, or detailed bathymetric data in nearshore coastal waters impedes coastal research, conservation, disaster response, planning, and management efforts. The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) and low cost RGB (red, blue, green) cameras, coupled ...
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Harmful Algae and Their Potential Impacts on Desalination Operations off Southern California

Seawater desalination by reverse osmosis (RO) is a reliable method for augmenting drinking water supplies. In recent years, the number and size of these water projects have increased dramatically. As freshwater resources become limited due to global climate change, rising ...
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Harmful Algal Bloom Forecasting Branch Ocean Color Satellite Imagery Processing Guidelines

The Harmful Algal Bloom - Forecasting Branch (HAB-FB) is a research group within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) tasked with forecasting and monitoring HABs. One of the more effective ways to ...
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Harmful Algal Blooms along the North American West Coast Region: History, trends, causes, and impacts

Along the Pacific coast of North America, from Alaska to Mexico, harmful algal blooms (HABs) have caused losses to natural resources and coastal economies, and have resulted in human sicknesses and deaths for decades. Recent reports indicate a possible increase ...
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