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News and Features by Research Area or Topic

Can Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems Serve as Lifeboats for Shallow Reefs?

On May 24, 2016, the United Nations Environment Programme released a new report on mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) during a coral reef media roundtable at the second session of the United Nations Environmental Assembly (UNEA-2) in Nairobi, Kenya. The document, Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems: A lifeboat for coral reefs?, edited by GRID-Arendal and NOAA, represents contributions […]

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Acidification Increases Sensitivity to Hypoxia in Important Forage Fishes

NCCOS sponsored research focusing on the combined effects of low dissolved oxygen and ocean acidification finds that acidification can increase fish sensitivity to hypoxia. This has important implications for increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide effects on our marine systems and may indicate that official dissolved oxygen regulatory criteria do not protect living resources as intended. Hypoxia, or […]

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NOAA Supports Florida’s Monitoring of Brown Tide in Indian River Lagoon

NCCOS has approved a Harmful Algal Bloom Event Response project that will enhance state efforts to monitor and assess the extent of an active bloom of Aureoumbra lagunensis algae, also known as brown tide, in Florida’s northern Indian River Lagoon system. A massive fish kill last month was attributed to low dissolved oxygen conditions created […]

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Risk of Shellfish Toxicity Predicted by Temperature and Salinity

A new study shows that water temperature and salinity can indicate the likely occurrence of toxic Alexandrium blooms (a type of harmful algae) in the U. S. Pacific Northwest. As shellfish become contaminated with the toxins produced by these harmful algal blooms (HABs), researchers and shellfish managers can use these findings to predict shellfish toxicity, which causes illness or even […]

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Offshore Sewage Release in Southern California Brings Unexpected Result

A scheduled sewage release off Los Angeles provided a unique opportunity to study before and after impacts of massive nutrient injection into coastal waters. Researchers hypothesized large, potentially harmful algal blooms (HABs), would result from the discharge. The sewage release was extensively studied by NCCOS scientists, sponsored researchers, and partner agencies, and the results were not […]

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NCCOS Projects at the Forefront of Numerical Estuarine Modeling

Scientists’ use of simulation models has increased during the past several decades as a widely accepted tool for investigations into estuarine dynamics. A recently published scientific review paper, authored by NCCOS-sponsored scientists, outlines the progress and accomplishments of coupled hydrodynamic-ecological estuarine modeling. Many NCCOS-sponsored foundational modeling studies are featured in the review paper. Findings show that while most […]

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2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting Showcases NCCOS Research

The 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting this past winter featured the research of NCCOS scientists and sponsored principal investigators. Topics included ocean acidification, hypoxia, blue carbon, and harmful algal blooms. NCCOS scientists and sponsored researchers gave 24 oral and poster presentations and co-chaired six special sessions. The biennial Ocean Sciences Meeting consists of a diverse program covering […]

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Robotic Environmental Sample Processor Conserves Samples for HAB Species Identification

Sponsored researchers with the NCCOS ECOHAB project looking at regional harmful algal bloom “hotspots” off coastal California are testing the feasibility of using a robotic water quality and toxin detection device, the Environmental Sample Processor or ESP, to collect the glass cells (silicon frustules) of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia for species identification and assessing geographic distribution. Certain species […]

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