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Light Shed on Hawaiian Reef Fish Food Sources and Trophic Positions

NOAA-funded scientists studying the diets of 22 species of Hawaiian coral reef fish living at both shallow (0-30 meters) and mesophotic (30-150 meters) depths found that the food source differed for invertebrate-feeding and omnivorous fishes and remained the same for plankton-feeding fishes. Although the sources of food were different between shallow and mesophotic depths, the […]

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NCCOS Hosts Deep-Sea Coral Identification Workshop

In July, the NCCOS Deep Coral Ecology Laboratory (DCEL) held a two-day workshop on the taxonomy and morphological identification of deep-sea corals. The workshop was held in conjunction with the Center for Coastal and Marine Ecosystems (CCME) annual meeting in Charleston, SC, and attended by graduate students from the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley […]

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Study of Freshwater Turtles to Improve Treatment of Toxins in Sea Turtles

New research is paying off long-term for endangered sea turtles facing illness and even death during Florida red tides. From 2011-2014, the NCCOS sponsored project “Brevetoxin Metabolism and Physiology – A Freshwater Model of Morbidity in Endangered Sea Turtles”†used non-endangered freshwater turtles as models to determine the effects of Florida red tide on endangered sea […]

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NCCOS Responds to Southern California Harmful Algal Bloom Event

Starting late March- early April 2017, researchers, managers, and animal response networks working in Southern California coastal communities noted an increase in wildlife impacts consistent with the onset of a harmful algal bloom (HAB). They observed a large die-off of seabirds in Santa Barbara, Ventura, and Los Angeles Counties and an influx of sea lions […]

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BBC Documentary Highlights Microplastics Detection in Bottlenose Dolphins

NCCOS scientists and collaborators from the College of Charleston detected microplastics in gut samples of bottlenose dolphins for the first time. While microplastics have been†visibly detected in other marine wildlife species, they had†not been observed in bottlenose dolphins until now. The research, conducted in coordination with the NOAA Marine Debris Program, will expand knowledge of […]

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Mesophotic Reefs in Southwest Puerto Rico Shaped by Sediment Movement

Sediment exerts a basic control on the character and distribution of both shallow and mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). In a rare study focused on sediment dynamics of MCEs, NCCOS-supported scientists found that downslope bed-load transport from shallower reefs (by coral and calcareous algae) exceeds suspended-sediment accumulation and has important influence in shaping MCEs in southwest […]

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Southeast Deep Coral Initiative: NOAA Multi-Year Effort to Study Deep-Sea Corals

A new NOAA report outlines the objectives and activities of the Southeast Deep Coral Initiative (SEDCI). The initiative is a coordinated, cross-line office effort that includes partners from NOAA Fisheries, Ocean and Atmospheric Research, and National Ocean Service; and aims to collect scientific information needed to manage deep-sea coral ecosystems across the Southeast U.S through […]

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Depth Affects Algal Symbiont Composition in Caribbean Coral

NCCOS-funded researchers investigating the diversity of symbiotic algae (Symbiodinium spp.) associated with the coral Agaricia lamarcki in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands found the coralís algal associations change with depth. Light-dependent corals form a mutually beneficial relationship (symbiosis) with the single-celled algae Symbiodinium, commonly known as zooxanthellae, which provide energy for the coral […]

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