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Why Nutrient-Enriched Waters Favor Large Single-Cell Algae

Ecological studies show that bottom-up (e.g., nutrient input) and top-down (e.g., grazing/predation) pressures may change the structure of aquatic ecosystems with “cascading” effects throughout the food chain. Recent research supports that zooplankton grazing in high-nutrient waters promotes the growth of larger phytoplankton over smaller species, creating a higher abundance of these larger single celled algae within the food web. Using samples […]

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New FY 2016 Research Funding Opportunity Available for National Hypoxia Programs

NCCOS has created a funding opportunity for Fiscal Year 2016 for two, national competitive hypoxia programs: the Northern Gulf of Mexico Ecosystems and Hypoxia Assessment Program (NGOMEX), and the Coastal Hypoxia Research Program (CHRP). Applications for the funding may be submitted via the Grants.gov website through January 22, 2016 for the NGOMEX program and through February 5, […]

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NOAA and Louisiana Collaborate on Mississippi River Diversion Management

The 5th Annual NOAA/Northern Gulf Institute Gulf Hypoxia Research Coordination Workshop brought together Louisiana state officials, federal and other state agencies, NGOs, and academic scientists with interests in identifying a path forward to restore Louisiana’s coastal wetlands, reduce the size of the annual Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone, and sustain the ecological and socioeconomic benefits of […]

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NCCOS Sponsors 20 New Research Projects

NCCOS awarded nearly $4.5 million in new research grants while maintaining sponsorship of 42 continuing projects during 2015 for a total of $8.2 million in funding for innovative research. All of the endeavors address significant and complex coastal issues. The projects were selected using a rigorous, competitive, and peer-review process. The cutting-edge research will provide critical […]

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New Predictive Tool Helps Managers in Lake Michigan’s Green Bay

A new predictive management tool addresses an issue that confronts Wisconsin resource managers, farmers, environmentalists and fish scientists – too many nutrients, mainly phosphorus, from the Lower Fox River washing into Green Bay leading to hypoxia and harmful algal blooms. The model tool, developed by the Green Bay hypoxia and climate change project and funded by NCCOS’ […]

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Emerging Techniques Help Guide Coral Reef Management

Although coral reefs are in rapid decline in most regions, new natural and social science research sponsored by NCCOS is helping to support successful coral reef management strategies and interventions. Recent and emerging molecular tools such as genomics (complete genetic mapping/DNA sequencing), proteomics (protein analysis), and transcriptomics (complete messenger RNA analysis) allow researchers to address […]

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Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Larger than Predicted After Heavy June Rains

Scientists supported by NOAA NCCOS, EPA and the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative have mapped the size of the 2015 Gulf of Mexico low-oxygen dead zone. The areal extent of hypoxia measures approximately 6,474 square miles, about the size of Connecticut and Massachusetts combined, exceeding the prediction from June. Nutrient run off from agricultural and other human […]

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NCCOS Hypoxia Forecasts Prove Accurate

For over ten years NCCOS has developed and improved hypoxia (dead zone) forecasts similar to seasonal weather forecasts. The accuracy of these forecasts is proving to be quite good. Professor Don Scavia of the University of Michigan tracks the accuracy of the NCCOS-funded annual forecasts and finds the models work well in years without hurricanes or […]

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