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Projects

Integration of Social Science with Probabilistic S...

Washington Sea Grant assessed sea level rise exposure for coastal areas of Puget Sound by developing a parcel-level sea level rise vulnerability assessment. NCCOS supported this work through expert guidance ...
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Mapping Coastal Elevations and Water Depths Using ...

Many organizations need imagery, and elevation and depth data to effectively manage our nation’s coastlines. However, coastal areas are expensive and challenging to map using conventional technologies. Here, we are ...
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Marshes on the Margins: Developing Tidal Wetlands ...

We will investigate how the dynamic and heavily altered (e.g., through jetty construction or dredging) estuaries of Southern California will be affected by sea level rise. We will also identify ...
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Ocean Acidification and Sea Scallops: Predicting I...

We are supporting the development of an integrated model to forecast the impacts of ocean acidification on the Atlantic sea scallop fishery. The model will predict ocean acidification trends, determine ...
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Refining Ecosystem Model Inputs for Sea Level Rise...

We are enhancing a locally relevant marsh model with new field data on the impacts of sea level rise to allow coastal managers to evaluate the vulnerability and inform restoration ...
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Scenarios and Tradeoffs: Providing Useful Models t...

Many agencies at the federal, state, and regional level need to use ecosystem models to help them predict the results of different management actions on coastal ecosystems. These models weigh ...
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Science in Support of Adaptation Planning for Clim...

The Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States, provides people with valuable ecosystem services. Impacts from climate change, including sea level rise and changes in precipitation, can threaten ...
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Sea-Level Rise Modeling as a Catalyst for Effectiv...

In collaboration with The Nature Conservancy and the Hawaii Sentinel Site Cooperative, we are evaluating the effects of sea level rise of unique coastal habitats on the west coast of ...
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Shallow Water Hypoxia: Tipping the Balance for Ind...

We are investigating the impacts of extreme daily fluctuations in oxygen and pH on fish and invertebrates in the Chesapeake Bay. The modeling tools we produce will improve the ability ...
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Shoreline Habitat Types and Erosion Rates on Marin...

We determined rates of shoreline change in the New River Estuary and Intracoastal Waterway adjacent to Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune over the past 50 years. We investigated the relationship ...
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News

NCCOS Scientist Helps Maryland Oyster Grower Decid...

Scott Budden, owner of Orchard Point Oyster Company, checks mortality of oysters at his Chester River, Maryland, oyster lease site. Credit: S. Bricker, NOAA NCCOS. Earlier this month, Dr. Suzanne ...
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New Tool Informs Dune Recovery After Storms

Cross-shore schematic of the coupled Windsurf modeling framework showing the general processes resolved by the three model cores: XBeach (a subtidal morphodynamics model), CDM (Coastal Dune Model), and Aeolis (aeolian ...
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Moving Past Water Level: Study Reveals Sea Level R...

To better understand how future sea levels may impact barrier islands during hurricanes, a team of NOAA supported scientists from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and ...
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Sea Level Rise Model Provides Real-Time Guidance o...

Predicted Tropical Storm Gordon maximum wave heights above North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) for the LA-MS-AL coastlines issued 4 September 2018. Credit: Louisiana State University Center for ...
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Stakeholder Focus Groups Improve Communication of ...

Coastlines are composed of marshes, barrier islands, estuaries, and other environments that are ecologically, socially, and economically important. Coastal flooding is increasing in regularity and magnitude with increasing sea level ...
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Model Shows Ocean Acidification Could Outweigh Fis...

A new study, supported by NCCOS and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program, examined a variety of marine ecosystems from the tropics to the arctic under different environmental conditions and management practices ...
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Visual Story Maps Highlight Sea Level Rise Impacts...

Hurricane Katrina's storm surge caused significant damage to beachfront homes on Dauphin Island, Alabama. Credit: NOAA. A new way to explore and visualize the science and future effects of sea ...
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Multi-Agency Team Tracks Restored North Carolina W...

Wilson Bay in Jacksonville, NC was transformed from a polluted waterway to a healthy wetland ecosystem by a community-wide partnership. To assess the success and future health of the restored ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Egg Deposition by Atlantic Silverside, Menidia menidia: Substrate Utilization and Comparison of Natural and Altered Shoreline Type

Egg deposition by the intertidal spawning fish Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia) was compared among six shoreline types (Spartina alterniflora, Phragmites australis, sandy beach, riprap, riprap-sill, and bulkhead) and various substrates. In spring 2010, M. menidia egg density was measured daily ...
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Environmental factors influencing d13C and d15N in three Chesapeake Bay fishes

Stable isotope analysis has become a common tool for mapping trophic relationships, describing foodweb changes, and assessing ecosystem health. Clear interpretation of stable isotopes is facilitated by understanding how environmental factors can affect isotopic values; in estuarine systems, these factors ...
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Feeding by Bluefish and Weakfish along Riprap-Hardened Shorelines: Comparisons with Adjacent Sandy Beach in Delaware Bay, USA

Shoreline hardening alters the morphology of the intertidal zone and has been shown to impact various measures of shore zone habitat quality. Diet composition and stomach fullness of two predatory fishes, the Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix and Weakfish Cynoscion regalis, were ...
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Fish and Blue Crab Density along a Riprap-Sill-Hardened Shoreline: Comparisons with Spartina Marsh and Riprap

Wetland managers have historically considered riprap-sill structures (a type of “living shoreline” consisting of a rock sill that is placed low in the intertidal zone, with native vegetation planted between the sill and the shore) to be more ecologically sound ...
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Growth and Movements of Mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) Along Armored and Vegetated Estuarine Shorelines

Alteration of estuarine shorelines associated with increased urbanization can significantly impact biota and food webs. This study determined the impact of shoreline alteration on growth and movement of the estuarine fish Fundulus heteroclitus in a tributary of the Delaware Coastal ...
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Habitat Affects Survival of Translocated Bay Scallops, Argopecten irradians concentricus (Say 1822), in Lower Chesapeake Bay

Bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) populations existed in Chesapeake Bay until 1933, when they declined dramatically due to a loss of seagrass habitat. Since then, there have been no documented populations within the Bay. However, some anecdotal observations of live bay ...
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Impact of Armored Shorelines on Shore-Zone Fish Density in a Mid-Atlantic, USA, Estuary: Modulation by Hypoxia and Temperature

Anthropogenic modifications of estuarine environments, including shoreline hardening and corresponding alteration of water quality, are accelerating worldwide as human population increases in coastal regions. Estuarine fish species inhabiting temperate ecosystems are adapted to extreme variations in environmental conditions including water ...
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In Situ Effects of Shoreline Type and Watershed Land Use on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation Habitat Quality in the Chesapeake and Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) is an ecologically and economically valuable component of coastal estuaries that acts as an early indicator of both degrading and improving water quality. This study aimed to determine if shoreline hardening, which is associated with increased ...
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Integrating Regional Management Needs into a Mid-Atlantic Shorelines Research Projects

We provide an example of how one estuarine research project engaged regional managers to help guide the research towards the needs of managers and policymakers dealing with shoreline management in the Mid-Atlantic region of the USA. Elements of the approach ...
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Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?

Jellyfish (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) blooms appear to be increasing in both intensity and frequency in many coastal areas worldwide, due to multiple hypothesized anthropogenic stressors. Here, we propose that the proliferation of artificial structures – associated with (1) the exponential growth ...
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General Pages

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