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Projects

Ecological Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Flood Prot...

We will evaluate how restored and natural coastal wetlands buffer flooding impacts in Coos Bay (Oregon) and Grays Bay (Washington). Why We Care Increasing flood and salinity levels from sea-level ...
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Effects of Climate Change on Chemical Contaminant ...

Many climate related variables such as temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, and salinity can alter chemical toxicity. Most chemical testing is performed using a standard set of parameters.  We are expanding ...
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Efficacy and Ecotoxicological Effects of Shoreline...

Summary This project evaluated three shoreline cleaner products (Accell Clean SWA, PES-51, and CytoSol). We compared the biological effects and chemical interactions of the products with oil using a simulated ...
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Exploring Ecosystem and Community Vulnerability to...

We will identify the roles of natural and nature-based features and conventional infrastructure in controlling coastal flood hazards in the face of sea level rise. Our project will focus on ...
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How Natural and Nature-based Features Could Enhanc...

We will simulate sea level rise and rainfall scenarios to determine how mangroves in southwest Florida will be affected in the future and what protection they will provide against flooding, ...
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How to Increase Ecosystem Services of Coastal Beac...

The project team will use long-term monitoring data along the Oregon and Washington coast to evaluate the impact of sea level rise and storms on the geomorphology and ecology of ...
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How Will Changing Temperature and Oxygen Condition...

We are supporting the application of coastal ocean models to determine the vulnerability of important species to changing temperature and oxygen in the California Current. This will enable coastal managers ...
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Improving Application of Marsh Predictions under S...

Coastal marshes support communities and economies by providing protection from storm surge and habitat for valuable species and recreation. To preserve these benefits, managers need short- and long-term estimates of ...
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Influence of Shoreline Changes on Chesapeake and D...

We are supporting a large-scale research project to predict how shoreline development interacts with other stresses to change coastal ecosystems and the species that live in them. Research findings apply ...
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Integrated Marine Protected Area Climate Tools (IM...

We are studying the effects of weather and climate on South Florida’s coastal ecosystems and developing models to predict corresponding changes in environmental health. We will deliver short-term (monthly, seasonal) ...
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News

Location, Inundation, and Nitrogen Availability Dr...

Two publications resulting from U.S. Department of Defense-funded research to support ecosystem-based management in coastal military installations have been published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. The research was a ...
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Past, Present, and Future High Tide Flooding in Ch...

To aid in coastal planning, an NCCOS-sponsored study has developed a forecast of high tide flooding for the City of Charleston, South Carolina's historic peninsula section. In 1950, Charleston experienced ...
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Marsh Food Web Research Informs Coastal Land Resto...

With funding from NOAA’s RESTORE Science Program, administered by NCCOS, researchers from Louisiana State University and six other universities are working to understand how Louisiana’s river diversion and marsh creation ...
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Effects of Sea Level Rise Program Awards $2.2 Mill...

NOAA’s National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) is allocating over $2.2M in Fiscal Year 2020 to fund coastal resilience research across the nation. Approximately $589K will cover the first ...
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Online Tool Visualizes Impacts of Sea Level Rise o...

An anchialine pool on the west coast of the island of Hawaii. Credit TNC. The west coast of the island of Hawaii has several anchialine pools—inland fish ponds with underground ...
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Survey Team Evaluates Resilience of North Carolina...

The research team conducted field work at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, in December 2019. Credit: Mariko Polk, University of North Carolina Wilmington. NCCOS approved an Event Response award of $15,778 ...
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NOAA Funds Post–Hurricane Dorian Data Collection t...

Figure 1. A) Track of Hurricane Dorian, which made landfall just north of Cape Lookout National Seashore on September 6, 2019. B) USGS projections of the probability of overwash due ...
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Swan Island Restoration Begins in Chesapeake Bay (...

Coastal islands and marshes in Chesapeake Bay are disappearing, along with the ecosystem services and shoreline protection benefits they provide. Within the last half century, the cumulative effects of shoreline ...
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Products

Maps, Tools & Applications

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Data & Publications

Coastal Ecosystem Assessment of Chesapeake Bay Watersheds: Land Use Patterns and River Conditions

In coastal and estuarine regions, land use can have a profound impact on aquatic ecosystem health. In the Chesapeake Bay watershed, agriculture and urbanization have transformed major portions of the landscape, though some areas of undeveloped land remain. This document ...
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Diel differences in abundance and diversity of fish species and blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) in the sandy beach shore zone of lower Delaware Bay

Diel sampling was conducted during June–September 2013, in the shore zone and adjacent nearshore zone of Delaware Bay, Delaware, to identify day and night changes in nekton density, species richness, and the species assemblage. Mean species richness and total nekton ...
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Direct and indirect impacts of shoreline development on shallow-water benthic communities in a depauperate estuarine system

Modification of natural coastlines is prevalent as human coastal populations swell and effects of global climate change become clearer. We investigated effects of shoreline hardening and environmental factors on benthic infauna and trophic structure in the Patuxent River, Maryland, a ...
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Dynamic responses and implications to coastal wetlands and the surrounding regions under sea level rise

Two distinct microtidal estuarine systems were assessed to advance the understanding of the coastal dynamics of sea level rise in salt marshes. A coupled hydrodynamic-marsh model (Hydro-MEM) was applied to both a marine-dominated (Grand Bay, Mississippi) and a mixed fluvial/marine ...
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Ecological Assessment of the Beneficial Use of Dredged Sediments for Island Restoration: Mordecai Island, Barnegat Bay, NJ

Scientists from the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) documented sediment and soil characteristics, erosion rates and biological communities within the sediment placement region and in undisturbed inter‐and subtidal regions of Mordecai Island from 2017 – 2019. The ...
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Effects of Local Shoreline and Subestuary Watershed Condition on Waterbird Community Integrity: Influences of Geospatial Scale and Season in the Chesapeake Bay

In many coastal regions throughout the world, there is increasing pressure to harden shorelines to protect human infrastructures against sea level rise, storm surge, and erosion. This study examines waterbird community integrity in relation to shoreline hardening and land use ...
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Effects of Local Watershed Land Use on Water Quality in Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays and Subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay

Nutrient inputs have degraded estuaries worldwide. We investigated the sources and effects of nutrient inputs by comparing water quality at shallow (< 2m deep) nearshore (within 200 m) locations in a total of 49 Chesapeake subestuaries and Mid-Atlantic coastal bays ...
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Effects of Shoreline Alteration and Other Stressors on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay and the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Bays

Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) provides many important ecosystem functions, but SAV has been significantly reduced in many estuaries. We used spatial–statistical models to identify estuarine shoreline characteristics that explain variations in SAV abundance among subestuaries of the Chesapeake Bay and ...
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Effects of shoreline stabilization and environmental variables on benthic infaunal communities in the Lynnhaven River System of Chesapeake Bay

Coastlines worldwide are being altered due to shoreline hardening and stabilization and while highly altered systems are subject to change, variability exists in how shoreline hardening affects benthic communities depending on the landscape features of the system and regional production ...
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Efficacy and Ecotoxicological Effects of Shoreline Cleaners in Salt Marsh Ecosystems

Salt marsh ecosystems are sensitive habitats that may be susceptible to oil and oil spill mitigation chemicals during clean up. This research project assessed the toxicity of three shoreline cleaners (SLC) in laboratory and mesocosm exposures, determined petroleum hydrocarbon distributions ...
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General Pages

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