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NCCOS Leads Efforts to Prioritize Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Research

In 2014 access to drinking water in Toledo, Ohio was shut down due to cyanobacterial harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins from Lake Erie. The National Science Foundation and NOAA responded with a workshop,“Global Solutions to Regional Problems: Collecting Global Expertise to Address the Problem of Harmful Algal Blooms,” at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, April 13-14, […]

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New Partnerships in the Florida Keys Strengthen Early Warnings of Harmful Algal Blooms

A grant from the Ocean Reef Conservation Association (ORCA) to the Marine Resources Development Foundation enabled expansion of NOAA’s Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) monitoring sites in the Florida Keys. The Marine Resources Development Foundation has been an active volunteer group with PMN since 2012. With this ORCA grant and technical guidance from PMN, the Marine Resources […]

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Gulf of Mexico Offshore Dead Zone Linked to Mississippi River Nutrient Inputs

Twenty-five years of NCCOS sponsored research shows that the offshore summer hypoxic (low-oxygen) “dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico is strongly linked to nutrient loading from the Mississippi River. Physical forces (i.e., wind, waves, currents, temperature) play an equally strong role as biological variables (i.e., phytoplankton growth/decay, photosynthesis/respiration) in creating and maintaining Louisiana shelf hypoxia […]

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Puget Sound Harmful Algal Blooms Linked to Seasonal Patterns and Survival Probability

In order to predict blooms and prevent undue economic loss of commercial shellfish in Puget Sound, NCCOS has sponsored research investigating the seasonal patterns and mechanisms of bloom formation of Alexandrium, a dinoflagellate that contaminates shellfish and causes paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) in humans. The study shows Alexandrium survives and spreads in Puget Sound in response to […]

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Storm Surge and Sea Level Rise Models Improved by Innovative Measurement of Coastal Marsh Elevation

Coastal marsh elevation, a measurement used in models to predict impacts of sea level rise and periodic flooding from storm surge, is commonly determined by remote sensing methods that have been found to overestimate marsh platform height. In order to address this inaccuracy, known as a “saturation problem” caused by dense vegetation, NOAA’s National Centers of […]

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The Craib Corer: Predicting Harmful Algal Blooms by Sampling the Seafloor

Forecasting harmful algal blooms is a complex endeavor involving a wide range of oceanographic disciplines. NCCOS scientists and sponsored researchers count the number of harmful algal bloom (HAB) resting stages or cysts that lie on the bottom of the ocean as one method to estimate the future occurrence of HABs. Scientists use a suite of […]

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Hypoxia Special Session Lead by NCCOS at 2015 Aquatic Sciences Meeting

Leading a special session on advances in hypoxia modelling, scientists from NCCOS contributed to the global mission of the 2015 Aquatic Sciences (ASLO) Meeting in Grenada, Spain which focused on global and regional patterns of aquatic systems. The hypoxia special session highlighted diverse modeling approaches to a variety of issues from the development of hypoxia […]

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Low Oxygen Conditions Increase Parasite Infections in Oysters

A study funded in part by NCCOS has found that diel-cycling hypoxia—daily cycling of high to very low oxygen levels—in shallow coastal waters increases parasite infections in eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica). The project team tested and confirmed that diel-cycling hypoxia increases eastern oyster susceptibility to Perkinsus marinus infection, most likely by reducing the oxygen carrying capacity […]

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