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Reducing the Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Using Operational Hypoxia Scenario Models

A recently released white paper assesses the status of several empirical and deterministic models capable of characterizing Gulf hypoxia, also known as the Gulf dead zone. “Modeling Approaches for Scenario Forecasts for Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia” presents conclusions from the 2013 joint NOAA and Northern Gulf Institute Forum for the Gulf of Mexico Research and Coordination […]

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Mesophotic Habitats Are a Refuge for Large, Overfished Species in Southwest Puerto Rico

NCCOS-supported research found that commercially important fish, such as snappers and groupers, off southwest Puerto Rico are more abundant at mesophotic depths (60–80 meters) than shallow depths (30 meters or less). The study, published in the journal Coral Reefs, suggests that mesophotic coral ecosystems serve as a refuge for heavily exploited, shallow-water reef species and […]

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Pulley Ridge Corals Show Potential Signs of Recovery After 10-Year Decline

An NCCOS-funded study has produced a detailed characterization of the deep (60–80 meters), mesophotic reefs and fish populations of Pulley Ridge, located off the southwest coast of Florida. While the study shows a decade-long decrease in coral cover at Pulley Ridge, when compared with data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in 2003, the findings […]

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NCCOS Works to Track and Eliminate Freshwater Algal Toxins

A new study has documented the fate of microcystins—the most common of the freshwater blue-green algae toxins—and the challenges for monitoring them. The study is part of a larger NCCOS-sponsored project whose goal is to identify bacteria capable of degrading microcystins and to develop an affordable and efficient water filtration system to house such microorganisms. Microcystins inhibit and […]

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Hypoxia Task Force Makes Progress to Reduce Runoff Fueling Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone

The Mississippi River Gulf of Mexico Watershed Nutrient Task Force (“Hypoxia Task Force”) works to reduce and control hypoxia, or the dead zone, in the Gulf of Mexico. At the Fall Public Meeting in Alton, Illinois, the Task Force reported recent progress in dead zone reduction. New measures and actions were passed to control  nutrient runoff which […]

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NOAA and Partners Demonstrate Value of HAB Early Warning in Oregon

Early Warning of Oregon HAB Events In July 2010, NOAA and Oregon partners forecasted rising algae cell and toxin levels nearshore, providing state officials advance warning of a coast-wide harmful algal bloom (HAB) event and prompting proactive shellfish testing. The prediction was verified when further testing revealed that levels of the HAB toxin domoic acid […]

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Sea Level Rise Visualization Tool “Tells Story” of Climate Change

NCCOS sponsored researchers at the University of Central Florida (UCF) are developing an improved web-based interactive sea level rise viewer. Interactive sea level rise viewers (ISLRVs) are map-based visualization tools that communicate the impacts of climate change-related sea level rise (SLR), associated with increased flooding, coastal erosion, storm surge damage, and saltwater intrusion. Traditional story telling uses the printed word […]

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Marsh Hydrology Model Supports Hurricane Sandy Restoration

In support of restoration and resilience of marshes impacted by Hurricane Sandy, the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI) chose an NCCOS-supported forecast model to predict marsh ecology and hydrology related to combined effects from storm surge and sea level rise. The model selected was developed as part of the NCCOS sponsored Ecological Effects of Sea […]

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