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Tenacity of Brown Tides Linked to Flexible Transcriptome

Research sponsored by the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) discovered that the genetic flexibility of the single-celled harmful algae, Aureococcus anophagefferens, persistently blooms in what are known as “brown tides.” Scientists performed transcriptome profiling (looking at a cell’s RNA produced by gene transcription) on an A. anophagefferens strain to assess its response to common environmental stressors occurring in […]

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Gliders Map Large Red Tide Bloom in Gulf of Mexico for Rapid Response

NCCOS is supporting the rapid deployment of self-propelled underwater robotic gliders to map an emerging red tide bloom in the Gulf of Mexico. The bloom of Karenia brevis, Florida Red Tide, was detected by an NCCOS-sponsored new modeling tool on July 23 and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission (FWC) promptly issued a public red tide notice alerting the public of […]

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Declining Oxygen Levels Threaten Oysters in Chesapeake Bay

NCCOS-sponsored research by the Smithsonian Institution Environmental Research Center (SERC) reveals low dissolved oxygen (hypoxia) hampers oysters’ ability to fight Dermo, a disease that has ravaged oysters throughout the Chesapeake Bay, resulting in up to two to three times more infected oysters than in waters with normal oxygen levels. Hypoxia is commonly studied on large geographic […]

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Puget Sound Stakeholders See Value in HAB Forecasts

At a June 26 meeting, NCCOS-funded ECOHAB project investigators concluded that climate change could increase the window of opportunity for blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium catenella to occur. In light of this information, state officials expressed strong interest in seasonal HAB forecasts, while industry and local managers requested daily to weekly forecasts. Although future climate change will […]

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New Modeling Tool Detects and Forecasts Red Tide in the Gulf of Mexico

The week of July 21, a new modeling tool based on models funded by the NCCOS Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Bloom (ECOHAB) and Monitoring and Event Response for Harmful Algal Blooms (MERHAB) Programs predicted and detected a Red Tide harmful algal bloom (HAB) off the West Coast of Florida. The University of South […]

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Study Describes Social-ecological System of La Parguera, Puerto Rico

A new study describes the social-ecological system of La Parguera, Puerto Rico, and identifies the different pressures that have changed this system over the last 40 years. According to the report, multiple pressures have changed this ecosystem, including: sedimentation, nutrient enrichment, elevated seawater temperatures, and overfishing. La Parguera is a small fishing village on the […]

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Lecture Informs Public of Long Island’s Coastal Ills, Solutions

NCCOS-funded researcher Dr. Christopher Gobler and his students recently reported on the nearly complete collapse of hard clam fisheries in Great South Bay and bay scallop fisheries off the East End of Long Island due to annually occurring harmful algal blooms, hypoxia, and acidification. The team discovered excess nitrogen entering groundwater from septic tanks and […]

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