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NOAA, Partners Start Early Season Forecast Updates for Lake Erie Harmful Algal Blooms

This week, in response to increased demand for harmful algal bloom information, NOAA researchers and their partners at Heidelberg University began issuing new experimental, early season forecasts of the seasonal harmful algal bloom in western Lake Erie. The information will help resource and public health managers address the toxic blooms, which peak annually in late […]

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Harmful Algal Cyst Mapping in Washington Shows 10-fold Increase since 2013

An unprecedented bloom of the harmful alga Alexandrium occurred during Fall 2014 in Quilcene Bay, Hood Canal, Puget Sound, WA; the outbreak contaminated shellfish with potent biotoxins that can cause paralytic shellfish poisoning. The area of the bloom was historically biotoxin free, but at the peak of the event, the Washington State Department of Health detected toxin […]

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NCCOS Prepares Toxin Sensor for Gulf of Maine Red Tide Forecasting

An NCCOS technical expert completed critical calibrations of the paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxin sensor for an Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) platform stationed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s Laboratory for Ocean Sensors and Observing Systems (LOSOS). Beginning in early May, this ESP will perform autonomous, near real-time monitoring of toxins associated with cells of the red […]

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NCCOS Leads Efforts to Prioritize Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Research

In 2014 access to drinking water in Toledo, Ohio was shut down due to cyanobacterial harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins from Lake Erie. The National Science Foundation and NOAA responded with a workshop,“Global Solutions to Regional Problems: Collecting Global Expertise to Address the Problem of Harmful Algal Blooms,” at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, April 13-14, […]

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Technology Transfer of Toxin Detection Methods to South Korean Researchers

Two researchers from the Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST) visited the NCCOS Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research (CCEHBR) laboratory in Charleston, SC for two weeks of intensive training on the use of mass spectrometry to detect several algal toxin classes, including domoic acid (DA), paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), and […]

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New Partnerships in the Florida Keys Strengthen Early Warnings of Harmful Algal Blooms

A grant from the Ocean Reef Conservation Association (ORCA) to the Marine Resources Development Foundation enabled expansion of NOAA’s Phytoplankton Monitoring Network (PMN) monitoring sites in the Florida Keys. The Marine Resources Development Foundation has been an active volunteer group with PMN since 2012. With this ORCA grant and technical guidance from PMN, the Marine Resources […]

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Gulf of Mexico Offshore Dead Zone Linked to Mississippi River Nutrient Inputs

Twenty-five years of NCCOS sponsored research shows that the offshore summer hypoxic (low-oxygen) “dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico is strongly linked to nutrient loading from the Mississippi River. Physical forces (i.e., wind, waves, currents, temperature) play an equally strong role as biological variables (i.e., phytoplankton growth/decay, photosynthesis/respiration) in creating and maintaining Louisiana shelf hypoxia […]

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Puget Sound Harmful Algal Blooms Linked to Seasonal Patterns and Survival Probability

In order to predict blooms and prevent undue economic loss of commercial shellfish in Puget Sound, NCCOS has sponsored research investigating the seasonal patterns and mechanisms of bloom formation of Alexandrium, a dinoflagellate that contaminates shellfish and causes paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) in humans. The study shows Alexandrium survives and spreads in Puget Sound in response to […]

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