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New Technology Documents Rapid Phytoplankton Response to Tropical Storms and Hurricanes

A scientific study funded by NCCOS’ ECOHAB program, shows phytoplankton community structure changing rapidly, often by the hour, as tropical cyclones pass by. A revolutionary sampling instrument, the Imaging FlowCytobot (IFCB) allows hourly real-time continuous observation of phytoplankton changes. Over time the IFCB provides an extraordinary view of phytoplankton community structure. Prior studies of phytoplankton responses to […]

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New Predictive Tool Helps Managers in Lake Michigan’s Green Bay

A new predictive management tool addresses an issue that confronts Wisconsin resource managers, farmers, environmentalists and fish scientists – too many nutrients, mainly phosphorus, from the Lower Fox River washing into Green Bay leading to hypoxia and harmful algal blooms. The model tool, developed by the Green Bay hypoxia and climate change project and funded by NCCOS’ […]

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The Future of Algae Bloom Monitoring Technology

Technology developed with NCCOS funding is rapidly advancing harmful algal bloom (HAB) monitoring capabilities nationwide. These cutting edge detection tools are now commercially available and transitioning them to sustained management operations is the new norm. Recently a U. S. National Park Service (NPS) funded study benefited from the use of the NCCOS-developed “underwater microscope” Imaging […]

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Origin of Toxic Red Tides in Texas Identified

New modelling research sponsored by NCCOS shows that Texas red tides originate in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico in the Bay of Campeche. These harmful algal blooms, caused by the dinoflagellate alga Karenia brevis, result in large fish kills, human respiratory irritation, and shellfishing closures in affected areas. Unlike red tides on the west coast […]

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Hardened Shorelines Make it Hard for Submerged Aquatic Vegetation

A recent NCCOS-funded study found that shoreline hardening, particularly riprap, has a negative effect on the abundance of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV). Riprap, which is made up of rocks and boulders piled along the shoreline, is commonly used to prevent shoreline erosion, but once installed, alters the natural processes and composition of the land–sea interface. The […]

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Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Larger than Predicted After Heavy June Rains

Scientists supported by NOAA NCCOS, EPA and the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative have mapped the size of the 2015 Gulf of Mexico low-oxygen dead zone. The areal extent of hypoxia measures approximately 6,474 square miles, about the size of Connecticut and Massachusetts combined, exceeding the prediction from June. Nutrient run off from agricultural and other human […]

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NCCOS Prepares Toxin Sensor for Deployment in Puget Sound, WA

NCCOS scientist, Tina Mikulski, completed critical calibration of the domoic acid (DA) toxin sensor on an Environmental Sample Processor (ESP) platform located at NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC) in Seattle, Washington. This ESP (referred to as ‘ESPfriday’) will be deployed for the first time in Puget Sound beginning in early August and will generate autonomous, […]

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NCCOS Hypoxia Forecasts Prove Accurate

For over ten years NCCOS has developed and improved hypoxia (dead zone) forecasts similar to seasonal weather forecasts. The accuracy of these forecasts is proving to be quite good. Professor Don Scavia of the University of Michigan tracks the accuracy of the NCCOS-funded annual forecasts and finds the models work well in years without hurricanes or […]

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