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New Research Defines Origin and Dynamic Behavior of Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone

Reducing the size of the widespread area of hypoxia (low oxygen) in the northern Gulf of Mexico—known as the “Dead Zone”—represents one of the nation’s crucial water management challenges. Recent NCCOS-sponsored research has led to the development of a new tool to assess hypoxia formation and its response to key physical and biological drivers. Dr. […]

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Can Asian Carp Barriers Protect the Great Lakes?

Invasive species such as zebra mussels have substantially changed the Great Lakes, with Asian carp poised to become the next and most serious invasive threat. Scientists leading a pioneering NCCOS-sponsored project to forecast the spread and bioeconomic impacts of aquatic invasive species have conducted an expert-based analysis of strategies to keep Asian carp out of Lake Michigan. The […]

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Could Future Land Use Changes Increase Storm Surge Flooding?

Scientists funded by the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science have found that projected changes in coastal Gulf of Mexico land use and land cover could increase the extent of storm surge flooding by up to 70 percent above flooding from projected sea level rise alone. Using a newly developed predictive model, the University of […]

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Scenario Forecasts for Regional Coastal Management

Models play an increasingly important role in environmental problems, as decision makers need to consider the consequences of different climatic or environmental conditions, management scenarios, and population trends. Forecasts based on different environmental scenarios can move coastal decision-making to a proactive rather than a reactive mode. NCCOS, through partners within and outside of NOAA, supports […]

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Sea Level Rise Research Supports Gulf of Mexico Sentinel Site Cooperative

An NCCOS-funded study is investigating the ecological effects of sea level rise in the Gulf of Mexico. The effort is the focal point of the Northern Gulf of Mexico Sentinel Site Cooperative, a federal–state partnership established to advance sea level rise prediction and assessment capabilities. The cooperative seeks to improve coastal data and research products […]

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New Research in the Gulf of Maine Improves Red Tide Forecasting

Scientists from the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science recently teamed with sponsored partners to collect sediment samples in the Gulf of Maine needed to find cysts of the harmful algae Alexandrium fundyense. The data collection took place on Nov. 6–11 aboard NOAA’s research ship Okeanos Explorer—the first time a NOAA ship has been used […]

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NCCOS Expertise Contributes to U.S. National Climate Assessment

Four NCCOS scientists wrote a NOAA technical report on “Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate” that led to a chapter in the Third National Climate Assessment (2013), produced by the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Carol Auer, Quay Dortch, Elizabeth Jewett, and Cary Lopez participated in this comprehensive review, wherein 63 experts examined […]

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Integrating Processes Controlling the South Florida Coastal Marine Ecosystem

NCCOS is developing a workable, ecosystem-based management approach to address the complex and inter-linked marine-estuarine-terrestrial environment in south Florida. Building on traditional Integrated Conceptual Ecosystem Models, the NCCOS-sponsored research project Marine and Estuarine Goal Setting for South Florida (MARES) is developing new models that incorporate positive ecosystem services instead of only negative ecosystem impacts (i.e., […]

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